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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ IstrosView Options:  |  |  | 

Istros, Thrace

Istros was probably the first Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.

Istros, Thrace, 400 - 350 B.C.

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The obverse type has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values by David Sear
GS38105. Silver drachm, SNG BM 240; SNG Cop 192 var. (right head inverted); SNG Stancomb 144 var. (same); BMC Thrace p. 25, 2 var. (same); AMNG I/I 416 var. (same), EF, weight 5.450 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse two facing male heads, left head inverted; reverse IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, A below; SOLD

Gordian III, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Istros, Moesia Inferior

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RP54124. Bronze pentassarion, Apparently unpublished, cf. Varbanov 678 (obv legend, tetrassarion), AMNG I 523 (same); SNG Cop -, BMC -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 13.434 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse AVT K M ANTΩ ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ICTPIHNΩN, Hera standing left, holding patera over flaming altar and scepter in right, E (mark of value) in left field; struck with a damaged obverse die (the lump at the back of Gordian's head), some porosity, nice green patina; extremely rare; SOLD

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Istros, Moesia Inferior

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Istros was the ancient Thracian name for the Danube, Europe's second-longest river.
RP53794. Bronze pentassarion, AMNG I 680, Varbanov 680, aVF, green patina, weight 14.366 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse AVT K M ANTΩ ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ICTPIHNΩN / ICTPOC in ex, River god reclining left, reeds in right, resting left on urn from which water flows, E in left field; rare; SOLD



Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Belgium, Bibliothque Royale de Belgique, La Collection de Bronzes Grecs de Marc Bar. (Brussels, 2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 13, 2017.
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Istros Greek Coins