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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian DynastyView Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Coins of the Justinian Dynasty

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. It still stands in its original location, but the statue that was once on top was probably taken down soon after Phocus' death. An English translation of the inscription follows: To the best, most clement and pious ruler, our lord Phocas the perpetual emperor, crowned by God, the forever august triumphator, did Smaragdus, former praepositus sacri palatii and patricius and Exarch of Italy, devoted to His Clemency for the innumerable benefactions of His Piousness and for the peace acquired for Italy and its freedom preserved, this statue of His Majesty, blinking from the splendor of gold here on this tallest column for his eternal glory erect and dedicate, on the first day of the month of August, in the eleventh indiction in the fifth year after the consulate of His Piousness.Column of Phocas

SH70044. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e.1; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/12; Wroth BMC 10; Tolstoi 8; Ratto 1181; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620, aEF, weak legends, light graffiti, weight 4.342 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $360.00 (320.40)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble base were recycled from earlier use. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediately after Phocus' death. Silt and debris completely covered the marble base (socle) when Giuseppe Vasi and Giambattista Piranesi made engravings and etchings of the column in the mid-18th century. The square foundation of brick was probably underground when the column was dedicated. The Forum was excavated down to its earlier Augustan paving in the 19th century.Column of Phocas

SH70055. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10j.1; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/23; Wroth BMC 23; Tolstoi 19; Ratto 1186; Sommer 9.8; Hahn MIB 9; SBCV 620, gVF, uneven strike, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $360.00 (320.40)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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Under Justinian Nicomedia was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.
BZ85014. Bronze half follis, DOC I 140, Wroth BMC 221, Tolstoi 343, Ratto 606, Hahn MIBE 116a.1, Sommer 4.68, SBCV 203, Morrison BnF -, Choice EF, bold full-circles strike on a broad flan, weight 11.596 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 195o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 538 - 539 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left hand decorated with horseman right brandishing spear, cross right; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, XII (year 12) right, NI below; $350.00 (311.50)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
BZ79566. Bronze half follis, Wroth BMC 231, DOC I 244 (not in the collection, refs. Wroth), Hahn MIB 118B, SBCV 559, Sommer 7.77, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, aVF, uneven strike left side of obverse weak, weight 12.083 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage mint, c. 582 - 583 A.D.; obverse D N TIb mAVRIC P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, globus cruciger in right hand, shield on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right; reverse round shield containing star, surmounted by cross; K/R-T/G (Carthage) flanking, XX between NM (20 nummi) in exergue; ex CGB; very rare; $125.00 (111.25)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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In 572, the Byzantine Empire was at war with Persia and was attacked by the Visigoths from Spain.
BZ83545. Bronze follis, DOC I 152c, Wroth BMC 197, Morrisson BnF 2 ff., Tolstoi 159, Ratto 895, Sommer 5.38.2, Hahn MIB II 57a, SBCV 379, Choice F, well centered, weight 13.642 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse VTMNO-TOOΛV (blundered inscription), Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, holding together large cross on globe; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and U/II (year 7), cross above, Γ (3rd officina) below, THEUP' in exergue; $125.00 (111.25)


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.

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During Justin's reign (518527), Justinian was the emperor's close confidant and was probably acting as a regent long before Justin made him co-emperor on 1 April 527. Justinian was appointed consul in 521 and later commander of the army of the east. As Justin became senile near the end of his reign, Justinian became the de facto ruler. Upon Justin's death on 1 August 527, Justinian became the sole sovereign.
BZ83458. Bronze follis, DOC I 10b, Morrisson BnF 3/Cp/AE/1, Berk 112, SBCV 125, Hahn MIB I 4, Sommer 3.5, Wroth BMC 7 var. (P vice PP), Tolstoi 144 var. (same), Ratto -, F, irregular flan, large flan crack/flaw, weight 14.590 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 4 Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTIN ET IVSTINIAN P P AVΓ, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, six-pointed star left, cross right, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinope) in exergue; rare; $110.00 (97.90)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament. The obverse legend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type. The engraver did not appear to even know the alphabet.
BZ84694. Bronze follis, DOC I 153, Hahn MIB II 95b, Wroth BMC 82 (Tiberius II), Ratto 960, Tolstoi 58 (Tiberius II), SBCV 532, VF, green patina, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 12.228 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 583 - 584 A.D.; obverse PyTΛTII-TSPCCTΛSVC (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II (regnal year 2), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Byzantine Empire, Tiberius II Constantine, 26 September 578 - 14 August 582 A.D.

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Dumbarton Oaks notes of its single specimen of this type without the officina letter at the end of the mintmark, "This is a new denomination and it seems likely that this coin with broad flan and no officina mark, was an experiment later corrected to show the officina.
BZ77958. Bronze 3/4 follis, DOC I 15a, SBCV 431, Hahn MIB 26, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Sommer -, F, well centered, potentially active corrosion, pitting, holed, weight 12.377 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 579 - 580 A.D.; obverse dM TIb CONS-TANT P P AVI, crowned (with cross & pendilia), draped, and cuirassed bust facing; reverse large XXX (30 nummi), cross above, CON in exergue, no officina indicated; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $90.00 (80.10)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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Most references list this type with ΘC above for some other years but only ΦC above for years 12 and 13. Wroth notes that the meaning of these letters is uncertain but ΘC may abbreviate Θεος (God) and ΦC perhaps abbreviates Φως (light).
BZ69548. Bronze half-follis, Jerash 438, Hahn MIB II 70e (refs Jerash), DOC I 84.1 var. (Φ vice Θ), Wroth BMC 122 var. (same), Sommer 5.22 var. (same), SBCV 366, VF, green patina, obverse off-center, weight 6.511 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 576 - 577 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P, Justin (left) and Sophia seated facing on double throne, both nimbate, he holds globus cruciger, she a cruciform scepter; reverse large K (20 nummi) between ANNO and XII (year 12), + over ΘC above, TES below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare variety; $80.00 (71.20)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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In 567, The Second Council of Tours issued a decree that any cleric found in bed with his wife will be excommunicated.
BZ83494. Bronze pentanummium, SBCV 375, DOC I 137, Sommer 5.36, Morrisson BnF 29, Wroth BMC Justinian 423, Tolstoi Justinian 478, Ratto Justinian 746, Ratto Justinian 746, Choice VF, small edge splits, scratches, weight 2.152 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 567 - 578; obverse IYΣTINAI KAI ΣOΦIAΣ (Justin and Sophia) monogram ; reverse large E (5 nummi), smaller K (Kyzicus) right; scarce; $80.00 (71.20)




  







Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 20, 2017.
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Justinian Dynasty