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Roma on Ancient Coins
Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea Roma was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful alliance against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the Koinon of Asia and Bithynia requested permission to honor Augustus as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for divus Augustus jointly with dea Roma. In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea Roma was combined with Venus at the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea Roma with a Palladium in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .RA76944. , 32 (also 3rd ); , 22, 185; 530; , p. 56-57/4; -, EF, near full , portrait, light marks, 4.097 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , mint, emission 4, 279 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; ROMAE (eternal ), statue of seated facing inside a temple, left, in right, long in left hand, R pellet in crescent with horns up Γ in ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Amisos, Pontos, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of . In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.SH90327. Bronze AE 26, 2144; cf. 47 ff. (various ); 6732 - 6733; 1042; -; -, aVF, very thick , attractive , 19.462 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, time of , 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.; diademed of right, uncertain below neck; Amisos (on left) and standing , Amisos holding bridal(?) in right; extending in right, on left shoulder, spear against her right side; AMIΣHNΩN in ; ex Frascatius ; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
was the younger brother of , and he was declared in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., allowed tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.RS84407. Silver , Trier 27(e)1, 109a, 7, 19675, VF, , , , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 1.963 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, (Trier, Germany) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; D N VALEN-S , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front; (City of ), seated left on throne, on globe in Roma's right hand, or spear without point vertical in her left hand, extends in right hand and holds frond over left shoulder in left hand, TRPS• in ; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was a female deity who personified the city of and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the of and requested permission to as a living god. "Republican" despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for jointly with dea . In the city of itself, the earliest known state cult to dea was combined with at the Hadrianic Temple of and . This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's . The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea with a in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.RB84964. , 780, 1710, 753, 4221, -, aVF, nice green , small edge crack, 23.734 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 0o, mint, 145 - 161 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P , laureate right; seated left, holding and in extended right hand, long resting against the crook of her left arm, her left forearm resting on set on a prow behind, ( ) flanking across ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Lot of 2 VF , Wolf and Twins , 333 - 334 A.D.
On 11 May 330, refounded , renamed it after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from to his new city. Coins were issued with types for and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.RL84874. reduced , Pair of Wolf and Twins; 1) frond, Trier 561 (ex CNG); 2) : 373, EF, minor flaws, 333 - 334 A.D.; , helmeted of left wearing imperial mantle; she-wolf standing left, turned back right, suckling the infant twins and , symbol between two stars above, in ; types; $155.00 (€137.95)
Roman Republic, L. Flaminius Chilo, 109 - 108 B.C.
Spartacus, the Roman slave and rebel leader was born in 109 B.C. He died in 71 B.C.RR85331. Silver , 302/1, 540, 537, 1, 1144, 179, VF, , bumps marks, 3.858 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 180o, mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; , helmeted of right, X (mark of value) below chin; in right, in right hand, reigns in left hand, L FLAMINI below, CILO in ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The flattering appellation "the restorer of the city" was doubtless given not for either rebuilding or embellishing , but rather for restoring the of the "Eternal City" by avenging the death of , securing domestic tranquility to the empire, and reestablishing respect for the Roman name by victories over the .RS85209. Silver , 288; 606; p. 221, 359; 98; 6358, VF, will centered and struck on a broad , some die wear, edge cracks, 3.497 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 180o, mint, 202 - 210 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; , seated left on , in right hand, spear vertical behind in left; $130.00 (€115.70)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
was a specific virtue in ancient . It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of and was personified as the deity .
RB77368. , 693 (R); p. 139, 562; 773; 6445; -, F, green , 20.523 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 180o, mint, 195 A.D.; L SEPT SEV V, laureate right; (to the valor of the emperor), on the left, standing left, in military attire, on globe in his right hand, spear in his left hand; or standing left behind him, helmeted, in military attire, crowning him with a in her right hand, in her left, S C ( ) in ; ex 2014; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
To the ancient Romans, was "Roma Aeterna" (The Eternal City) and "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). The empire is history but is today, the eternal city. Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated; perhaps a greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, , music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.RA79930. , 42 (also 2nd ); , p. 57/5; 531; , 2, 185; -, aEF, perfect centering, much , some bumps and marks, 3.879 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, 2nd , mint, emission 5, 280 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, left in consular robe, eagle-tipped in right; ROMAE (eternal ), statue of seated facing inside a temple, in right hand, long vertical in left hand, R B in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
This was also issued four years earlier by Philip for the 1000th of .RS84625. Silver , 115h, 235 (R), 9768, - (p. cviii), EF, excellent centering, lustrous fields, some areas weakly struck, 4.273 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 0o, 3rd , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. Nov 251 - 252 A.D.; IMP C V AF GAL AVG, , draped, and right, from the front, three pellets below shoulder; , temple, statue of seated facing within holding in right and long in left hand, pellet in , three pellets in ; ex Numismatik Naumann ( ), auction 47, of lot 873; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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