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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ CyzicusView Options:  |  |  |   

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: K, KVZ, SMK.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RA76334. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, green patina with some silvering remaining, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in exergue; scarce; $250.00 (212.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280 A.D., the Germans destroyed the Roman fleet on the Rhine. Bonosus was proclaimed emperor at Colonia Agrippina (Cologne). After Probus defeated him, Bonosus hanged himself. His family was treated with honors.
RA84373. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 907; Pink VI/1 p. 43; Hunter IV 323 var. (5th officina); SRCV III 11968 var. (...PROBVS AVG); Cohen VI 173 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, near full silvering, weight 2.557 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, emission 3, 280 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Victory on left, standing right, palm in left hand, with right hand presenting wreath to emperor, on right, standing left, holding spear in left hand, P low center, XXIMC in exergue; $100.00 (85.00)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL76207. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 77 (S), LRBC II 2479, Voetter 20, SRCV V 18699, Cohen VII 18, Hunter V -, aEF, well centered, nice green patina, some encrustation, small edge cracks, weight 4.253 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in exergue; scarce; $95.00 (80.75)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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For many years, the two imperial colleagues had maintained an uneasy truce, but temperatures rose again in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging territory in his realm, across the Danube into Licinius' territory. When he repeated this with another invasion, this time by the Goths who were pillaging Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them.
RL79435. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 15 (R2), Cohen VII 71, SRCV IV 15216, Hunter V 173 ff. var. (2nd officina not listed), Choice aEF, well centered bold strike, some die wear, areas of mild porosity, weight 2.850 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical in left hand, eagle standing left with wreath in beak at feet on left, in right field: X/IIΓ over bound captive seated right and looking left, SMKB in exergue; $95.00 (80.75)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 321 A.D., the Catholic Church was first allowed to hold property.
RL79436. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 18 (R1), SRCV IV 15409, Cohen VII 21, Hunter V 37 ff. var. (3rd officina not listed), Choice gVF, well centered and struck, attractive coin, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, shield in left hand and spear in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, captive seated right but looking left at feet on right, X/IIΓ (12 1/2) in right field, SMKΓ in exergue; $95.00 (80.75)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT85310. Billon follis, Hunter V 31 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 55 (S), SRCV IV 14724, Cohen VII 39, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, traces of silvering, spots of light corrosion, some die wear, weight 7.220 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, head laureate right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ left, * right, MKV in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (76.50)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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RA85073. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4036 (32 spec.), RIC V 208, La Venra 2424 - 2425, BnF XII 1806, Ciron IV 399, Choice EF, well centered and struck, much silvering, weight 4.530 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 3, Jan - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Victory on left, standing right, palm in left hand against left shoulder, with right hand presenting wreath to Tacitus, emperor standing left, wearing military garb, holding long scepter vertical behind in left hand, T in exergue; $80.00 (68.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RB67627. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, well centered, a little rough, weight 4.220 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, ∆ in exergue; scarce; $65.00 (55.25)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars.
RL71433. Billon follis, Hunter V 169 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice VF, well centered, nice green patina, traces of silvering, reverse a bit flat, weight 2.910 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing half left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long vertical scepter in left, wreath lower left, A on right, SMK in exergue; $45.00 (38.25)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL71435. Billon follis, Hunter V 169 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice VF, perfect centering, nice dark sea-green patina, shallow old scratch reverse left field, weight 3.629 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing half left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long vertical scepter in left, wreath lower left, A on right, SMK in exergue; $45.00 (38.25)




  



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Cyzicus