Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ArelatumView Options:  |  |  | 

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL79657. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 376 (R3), LRBC I 380, SRCV 17679, Cohen VIII 105, EF, well centered and struck, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath with pellet inside above center, PCONST in exergue; very rare; $105.00 (€89.25)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references LRBC and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Forum Members' Gallery.
RL70557. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Arles 41 (R2); Depeyrot EMA p. 72, 57/1; LRBC I 429; SRCV V ; Voetter -; Milchev Constantine -, aF, scratches, weight 1.269 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, early 340 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled and draped bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) left, [PCON or SCON] in exergue (off flan); very rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Because of his fame and because he was proclaimed Emperor while he was in Roman Britain, later Britons regarded Constantine as a king of their own people. In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL85732. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 264 (R2), SRCV IV 16243, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, glossy dark sea-green patina, cleaning marks, weight 2.862 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, P*AR in exergue; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of Magnentius, defeated and killed Nepotian. Nepotian's head was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.
RL84368. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 51 (also 2nd officina), RIC VIII Arles 150, LRBC II 421, SRCV V 18800, Cohen VIII 20, VF, rough surfaces from light corrosion, tight flan, weight 5.061 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arletum (Arles, France) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius on horse galloping right, wearing military dress, not holding shield, spearing a barbarian on right before horse who is kneeling left with outstretched hands, shield and broken spear on the ground below horse, star upper right, SAR in exergue; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues; some, such as this coin, are rare.
RL10776. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 371 (R1), LRBC II 374, SRCV V17324, Cohen VIII 126, aEF, sharp portrait, weight 2.516 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath in center, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In January 322, Crispus was married to Helena. Helena bore him a son in October, 322. Eusebius of Caesarea reported that Constantine was proud of his son and very pleased to become a grandfather. There is no surviving account of the name or later fate of Crispus' son.
RL84318. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 254, SRCV IV 16766, Cohen VII 41, Hunter V -, Choice EF, some silvering, well centered, light marks, nice portrait, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT • X in two lines within wreath tied at the bottom, T*AR in exergue; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79364. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 364 (S), Depeyrot EMA 45/2, LRBC I 362, SRCV IV 16343, Cohen VII 256, Choice EF, mint luster, excellent portrait, bold well centered strike, tight flan, weight 2.373 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, branch above center, PCONST in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79369. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 370 (R2), Depeyrot EMA 46/1, LRBC I 373, SRCV IV 16344, Cohen VII 256, EF, sharp portrait, nice dark green patina, some mint luster, areas of light corrosion, reverse slightly off-center, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath above center, SCONST in exergue; rare; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL84315. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 230, Cohen VII 30, Hunter V -, SRCV IV -, gVF, nice green patina, traces of silvering, tight flan, clashed reverse die, weight 3.176 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT V in wreath, TA in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RL71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196; Depeyrot EMA p. 45, 22/3; SRCV IV 15347; Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $45.00 (€38.25)
 







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Pearce, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 26, 2018.
Page created in 0.658 seconds.
Arelate