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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine Mints ▸ AntiochView Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Antioch / Theoupolis (c. 512 - 610)

The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. The Antioch mint reopened after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist the metropolitan mint at Constantinople in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage. The city was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Antioch was the first major mint lost in the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. The last coinage was issued during the reign of Phocas and the city was lost to the Arabs in 636. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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In 572, the Byzantine Empire was at war with Persia and was attacked by the Visigoths from Spain.
BZ83545. Bronze follis, DOC I 152c, Wroth BMC 197, Morrisson BnF 2 ff., Tolstoi 159, Ratto 895, Sommer 5.38.2, Hahn MIB II 57a, SBCV 379, Choice F, well centered, weight 13.642 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse VTMNO-TOOΛV (blundered inscription), Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, holding together large cross on globe; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and U/II (year 7), cross above, Γ (3rd officina) below, THEUP' in exergue; $140.00 (124.60)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament. The obverse legend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type. The engraver did not appear to even know the alphabet.
BZ84694. Bronze follis, DOC I 153, Hahn MIB II 95b, Wroth BMC 82 (Tiberius II), Ratto 960, Tolstoi 58 (Tiberius II), SBCV 532, VF, green patina, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 12.228 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 583 - 584 A.D.; obverse PyTΛTII-TSPCCTΛSVC (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II (regnal year 2), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, April - 1 August 527 A.D.

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This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.
BZ73040. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, F, nice glossy green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 1.716 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, reversed E left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; $80.00 (71.20)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Tiberius II and Maurice both issued similar folles of this type. Tiberius II has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament. Also, the obverse legends for Tiberius II are mostly recognizable, the obverse legends for Maurice are completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as on this coin. Many older references failed to distinguish between them.
BZ71846. Bronze follis, DOC I 155, Wroth BMC 89 (Tiberius II), Ratto 964 (Tiberius), Tolstoi 61, Hahn MIB 95b, SBCV 532, Sommer 7.62.2, Morrisson BnF -, VF, centered, green patina, edge bump, weight 11.940 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 585 - 586 A.D.; obverse OMITACOM-NANTAPPY (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; $60.00 (53.40)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
BZ71752. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 88; Morrisson BnF 8/An/AE/14; Wroth BMC 109; Tolstoi 147; Ratto 1274; Hahn MIB 83a; Sommer 9.56; SBCV 671, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, weight 9.172 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch as Theoupolis (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 607 - 608 A.D.; obverse O N FOCA NE PE AV, Focas on left and Leontia on right standing facing, emperor holds globus cruciger, empress holds cruciform scepter, cross between their heads; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and UI (year 6), cross above, THEUP' (Theoupolis) in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (53.40)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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Justin, unable to handle the burden of his failures, fell into madness. He ordered an organ be played continuously to soothe his frenzied mind. He was pulled through the palace on a wheeled throne, biting attendants as he passed, and there were rumors that he had devoured a number of them. In 574, General Tiberius was adopted as his caesar, regent and heir. Tiberius received the diadem on his knees before the assembly. Justin, in a moment of sanity, addressed the new monarch saying: "If you consent, I live; if you command, I die: may the God of heaven and earth infuse into your heart whatever I have neglected or forgotten." The assembly applauded with sympathy, silence, and in tears for their prince. Sophia and Tiberius ruled as joint regents for four years, while Justin sank into growing insanity.
BZ65909. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 175, Wroth BMC 226; Hahn MIB 63a, Morrisson 33, Tolstoi 236, Ratto 905, Sommer 5.45, SBCV 383, VF, nice desert patina, weight 3.954 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 569 - 570 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AV, Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, they each hold a scepter and hold between them a long cross on globe; reverse large I (mark of value) between ANNO and II/III (year 5), cross above, THEUP' in ex; $45.00 (40.05)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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In spring 593, Priscus, commander-in-chief in Thrace, defeated the Slavic tribes and Gepids on Byzantine territory south of the Danube. He crossed the river to fight in the uncharted swamps and forests of modern-day Wallachia. In autumn, Maurice ordered Priscus to spend the winter with his troops on the northern Danube bank, but he disobeyed the emperor's order and retreated to the port city of Odessus (Varna) on the Black Sea Coast.
BZ77956. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 266, Wroth BMC 338, Tolstoi 442, Sommer 7.107, Hahn MIB 160a, SBCV 239, Morrisson BnF - (p. 99, refs. Wroth), Ratto -, F, uneven strike, obverse off-center, corrosion, weight 2.727 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 135o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 563 - 564 A.D.; obverse [...] - ΛOSLE (blundered nonsense), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with plum, diadem and trefoil ornament, globus cruciger in right hand, shield with horseman ornamentation on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large I (10 nummi), between A/N/N/O and X/X/X/UII (year 37), cross above, THEUP (Theoupolis) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $34.00 (30.26)







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 24, 2017.
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Byzantine Antioch