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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,Ē for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. The Antioch mint reopened after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist the metropolitan mint at Constantinople in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage. The city was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Antioch was the first major mint lost in the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. The last coinage was issued during the reign of Phocas and the city was lost to the Arabs in 636. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.
Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
In 538, the Persians led by Khusro I sacked the city of Antioch.BZ57478. Bronze follis, DOC I 210c, Wroth BMC 273 - 276, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AE/14 - 16, Ratto 645, Hahn MIB I 126, SBCV 216, weight 16.301 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 165o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Theoupolis) mint, 533 - 537 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, Γ below, +THEuįp+ in exergue; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament. The obverselegend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type. The engraver did not appear to even know the alphabet.BZ84694. Bronze follis, DOC I 153, Hahn MIB II 95b, Wroth BMC 82 (Tiberius II), Ratto 960, Tolstoi 58 (Tiberius II), SBCV 532, VF, green patina, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 12.228 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 583 - 584 A.D.; obverse PyTΛTII-TSPCCTΛSVC (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II (regnal year 2), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; SOLD