, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of to .SH68297. Bronze AE 28, 1095 (R4)=Schönert-Geiss 300, -, -, Nice F, 15.539 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and right, from b; AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.RL74501. Bronze half , 62(a)1 (S), II 1864, 20340, 12 , VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly , 0.925 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 345o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl diademed, draped, and right; REIPVBLICE, campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
On 5 July 328, Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius was officially opened.RL84343. , 214, I 737, 16253, 454, EF, and struck, some , edge crack, areas of slightest of corrosion, 3.200 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 328 - 329 A.D.; CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate right; (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, decorated top row of bricks, above, BSIS and double crescent in ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
On 3 July 324 A.D., defeated Licinius at Adrianople, forcing him to retreat to . Soon after, destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing Constantine to over the into Asian provinces and besiege . On September 18th Constantine definitively defeated Licinius at Chrysopolis. Licinius escaped but abdicated on 19 December. Thanks to the pleas of his wife, Constantine's half-sister , Licinius was pardoned by Constantine and banished to as a private citizen. The next year he was executed on the charge of conspiring and raising troops against the emperor.RL74461. , 296, I 6, 17212, 164, -, gVF, detail, , a little off-center, 2.871 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Londinium ( , England) mint, as , 324 - 325 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS IVN , laureate, draped, and right; (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets and above, in ; ex William B. Porter Collection; $75.00 (€66.75)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 330, the Patriarch of Antioch, Eustathius, was banished to Trajanopolis, . After Eustathius reproached Eusebius for deviating from the Nicene faith. Eustathius was in turn accused, condemned, and deposed for anti-trinitarian Sabellianism. The people of Antioch rebelled against this action. The anti-Eustathians proposed Eusebius as the new , but he declined. Nevertheless, Eustathius was banished to Trajanopolis, where he died, probably about 337, though possibly not until 370.RL72595. , Antioch 84 (R3), I 1352, 458, 16271, gVF, nice portrait, , 3.352 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, 7th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 329 - 330A.D.; CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, and right; (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, above, SMANTZ in ; ex (2007); ; $70.00 (€62.30)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
In 318, Constantine the Great gave the ancient Roman town Drepana (Anatolia) the name Helenopolis, after his mother , and built a in honour of the martyr St. Lucian.RL84212. , 48, 15268, 145, aEF, and struck, light corrosion, 3.192 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, consular right, globe and in right hand, in left hand; (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with three turrets, Λ right, SMHB in ; $60.00 (€53.40)
I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
In 390, the population of rioted against the presence of a garrison. The garrison commander was killed. In retaliation, ordered the Goths to kill all the spectators in the . Theodoret, a witness, reports: "...the anger of the Emperor rose to the highest pitch, and he gratified his vindictive desire for vengeance by unsheathing the sword most unjustly and tyrannically against all, slaying the innocent and guilty alike. It is said seven thousand perished without any forms of law, and without even having judicial sentence passed upon them; but that, like ears of wheat in the time of harvest, they were alike cut down." was excommunicated by the of , Saint Ambrose for the massacre. Ambrose told to imitate David in his repentance as he had imitated him in guilt. Ambrose readmitted the emperor to the Eucharist only after several months of penance.BB83835. Bronze half , 62(b) (S), II 1859, 20553, 16, VF, nice green , 1.640 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 105o, (Salonika, ) mint, fall 384 - Aug 388 A.D.; D N THEODOSIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; REIPVLICE, campgate with two towers, TES in ; ; $25.00 (€22.25)
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