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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Types ▸ Camp GatesView Options:  |  |  | 

Camp Gates

Although traditionally called camp gates, the type may not actually depict the gates to a Roman camp. Most probably depict watch towers, fortresses, or city gates. Camp gates are a very popular collecting theme. Popular varieties include those with visible open or closed doors, unusual turrets or towers, decorated bricks, those with an unusually large or small number of brick rows, and of course those issued by rarer emperors.

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace

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Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by Trajan, c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman Thrace, after Philippopolis, and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus.
SH68297. Bronze AE 28, Varbanov 1095 (R4)=Schnert-Geiss Augusta Traiana 300, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Nice F, weight 15.539 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from b; reverse AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $180.00 (160.20)

Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.
RL74501. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 62(a)1 (S), LRBC II 1864, SRCV V 20340, Cohen VIII 12 corr., VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly irregular flan, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REIPVBLICE, campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On 5 July 328, Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius was officially opened.
RL84343. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 214, LRBC I 737, SRCV IV 16253, Cohen VII 454, Choice EF, well centered and struck, some silvering, edge crack, areas of slightest of corrosion, weight 3.200 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 328 - 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, decorated top row of bricks, star above, BSIS and double crescent in exergue; $95.00 (84.55)

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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On 3 July 324 A.D., Constantine I defeated Licinius at Adrianople, forcing him to retreat to Byzantium. Soon after, Crispus destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing Constantine to cross over the Bosporus into Asian provinces and besiege Byzantium. On September 18th Constantine definitively defeated Licinius at Chrysopolis. Licinius escaped but abdicated on 19 December. Thanks to the pleas of his wife, Constantine's half-sister Constantia, Licinius was pardoned by Constantine and banished to Thessalonica as a private citizen. The next year he was executed on the charge of conspiring and raising troops against the emperor.
RL74461. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII London 296, LRBC I 6, SRCV V 17212, Cohen VII 164, Hunter V -, gVF, sharp detail, porosity, obverse a little off-center, weight 2.871 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets and star above, PLON in exergue; ex William B. Porter Collection; $75.00 (66.75)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 330, the Patriarch of Antioch, Eustathius, was banished to Trajanopolis, Thrace. After Eustathius reproached Eusebius for deviating from the Nicene faith. Eustathius was in turn accused, condemned, and deposed for anti-trinitarian Sabellianism. The people of Antioch rebelled against this action. The anti-Eustathians proposed Eusebius as the new bishop, but he declined. Nevertheless, Eustathius was banished to Trajanopolis, where he died, probably about 337, though possibly not until 370.
RL72595. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 84 (R3), LRBC I 1352, Cohen 458, SRCV IV 16271, gVF, nice portrait, flan crack, weight 3.352 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 329 - 330A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMANTZ in exergue; ex Forum (2007); scarce; $70.00 (62.30)

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 318, Constantine the Great gave the ancient Roman town Drepana (Anatolia) the name Helenopolis, after his mother Helena, and built a church in honour of the martyr St. Lucian.
RL84212. Billon follis, RIC VII Heraclea 48, SRCV IV 15268, Cohen VII 145, aEF, well centered and struck, light corrosion, weight 3.192 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, consular bust right, globe and scepter in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with three turrets, Λ right, SMHB in exergue; $60.00 (53.40)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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In 390, the population of Thessalonica rioted against the presence of a Gothic garrison. The garrison commander was killed. In retaliation, Theodosius ordered the Goths to kill all the spectators in the circus. Theodoret, a witness, reports: "...the anger of the Emperor rose to the highest pitch, and he gratified his vindictive desire for vengeance by unsheathing the sword most unjustly and tyrannically against all, slaying the innocent and guilty alike. It is said seven thousand perished without any forms of law, and without even having judicial sentence passed upon them; but that, like ears of wheat in the time of harvest, they were alike cut down." Theodosius was excommunicated by the bishop of Milan, Saint Ambrose for the massacre. Ambrose told Theodosius to imitate David in his repentance as he had imitated him in guilt. Ambrose readmitted the emperor to the Eucharist only after several months of penance.
BB83835. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 62(b) (S), LRBC II 1859, SRCV V 20553, Cohen VIII 16, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.640 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 105o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, fall 384 - Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REIPVLICE, campgate with two towers, TES in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (22.25)


Catalog current as of Thursday, February 23, 2017.
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Camp Gates