Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus Grypus, 121 - 96 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais, Galilee
Antiochus Grypus (Hook-Nose) was crowned as a teenager, ruling jointly with his mother Thea. In 121 B.C., one day when he returned from a , his mother offered him a cup of wine. Since this was not common behavior for her, Grypus was suspicious and forced her to drink the wine; poisoned, it killed her. Grypus fought a civil war with his brother that ended with his murder.
GS85100. Silver , II 2335(2)a, 28, 2581, 1196g (R2), gVF, nice , attractive , light marks, die break on chin, small edge cracks, 16.451 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, Galilee, Akko-Ptolemais mint, 121 - 113 B.C.; diademed of Antiochus right, horn like lock of hair above ear, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, Zeus Ouranios standing left, nude, crescent on , in right hand, long in left hand, M outer left, all within laurel ; ex CNG auction 391, lot 305; ex BBS 100 (17 February 1997), lot 159; $300.00 (€267.00)
Lot of 22 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod I, 37 - 44 A.D.
LT67254. Bronze Lot, 1244, lot of 22 prutot (singular: ), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC ( ), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, ; $255.00 (€226.95)
, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., ,
, , the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, pl. 53,122; 59; BMC p. 62, 111; 1510, gVF, nice green with earthen highlighting, typical , 7.492 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 0o, mint, IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped right wearing ; ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, standing facing, left, holding rudder by tiller in right, in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter ma, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $155.00 (€137.95)
The Coins of The : The Abraham and Marian
The Abraham and Marian consists of 4,000 coins and related objects produced by the peoples who inhabited the from the Persian period in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. through the Crusader kingdom in the thirteenth century of the modern era. Assembled over more than thirty years, the collection contains gold, silver, and bronze coins of the Persians, Greeks, Samarians, Hebrews, Nabataeans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and . This book has become a primary reference for coins.BK10621. The Coins Of The The Abraham and Marian at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum, by Ya'akov , 2013, American Numismatic Society, in American Collections 8, hardback, 2 volumes, new; $140.00 (€124.60)
Persian Empire, (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Gaza, Philistia
The great god of Gaza, Marnas (Aramaic Marna the "Lord"), was regarded as the god of rain, and grain, and invoked against famine. His temple, the Marneion, the last surviving great cult center of paganism, was burned by order of the Roman emperor in 402. Treading upon the sanctuary's paving-stones had been forbidden. Christians later used these same stones to pave the public marketplace.GB90137. Bronze AE 16, 103 (same obv die, date-ethnic reversed)/104 (same rev die, diff obv leg); II 78/79 (same); 4128 (BnF 172), VF, both sides sightly off-center, 4.174 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, Gaza mint, Aug 141 - 7 Mar 142 A.D.; - ANTWNEI-NO-C, laureate right; ΓAZA - BC (year 202), Herakles standing facing, nude, club downward in right, skin in left, Phoenician letter mem (for Marnas) lower left; ex Coin Galleries mail bid sale 6 Nov 1996, lot 281; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia
Askalon lies on the of the Mediterranean, ten miles of Gaza and about 40 miles south of Joppa. Herod the Great ruled all of , except Askalon, which remained a free city. Today, a national park at Ashqelon, Israel includes ruins of Canaanite, Greek, Roman, and Crusader walls and buildings. Ascalon's era of autonomy, used to date this coin, began in 104 B.C.BB75616. Bronze AE 22, 105; 138; 151, p. 124, 145; -; -, F, porous, 9.954 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 111 - 112 A.D.; CEBACTOS (or similar), laureate right; ACKAΛO, Tyche-Astarte standing left on galley, vertical before in right hand, cradled in left arm, in left , dove over EIC (year 215) lower right; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia
The Philistines conquered Canaanite Ashkelon about 1150 B.C. and it became one of the five Philistine cities that were constantly warring with the Israelites and the Kingdom of Judah. The last of the Philistine cities to hold out against Nebuchadnezzar, it finally fell in 604 B.C.; burned and destroyed, its people exiled, the Philistine era ended. Ashkelon was rebuilt, dominated by Persian culture. After the Alexander's conquest, Ashkelon was an important Hellenistic seaport. The Jews drove the Greeks out of the region during the Maccabean Revolt, which lasted from 167 to 160 B.C. In 63 B.C. the was incorporated into the Roman Republic. VII used Ashkelon as her refuge when her brother and sister exiled her in 49 B.C. The city remained loyal to during the First Jewish Revolt.BB75619. Bronze AE 18, 82; 116; 2213; p. 122, 129; -, F, some corrosion, 7.108 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; laureate left, CE downward on left; Phanebal standing facing, wearing military dress, raising sword above in right hand, and frond in left hand, ΘΠP (year 189 of the Ascalon Era) downward on left, AC upward on right; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, Palaestina or , c. 450 - 500 A.D.
This object, from the Alex Malloy Collection, was held by him for decades, only speculatively attributed as probably . The referenced recent article by Farhi indicates another possible . As discussed by Farhi, in the second half of the 5th century, besides nummi, low-value currency in Palaestina appears to have included similar sized centuries old Jewish , cast Axumite imitations, and even bronze and lead blank flans. Many fragments of lead mirror frames, found over many years, appear to have been cut around decorative star-like or floral patterns to look like coins. They were almost certainly used as coins. The lead mirror frame fragment "coins" in Farhi have different patterns and are blank on one side, but this object is very similar.BZ53343. Lead , fragment of ornamented lead object coinage(?); See Farhi, H. "Note on Two Types of Lead Currency" in INR 8 (2013) for similar examples, 2.836 g, maximum 23.1 mm, ex Collection; $60.00 (€53.40)
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