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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ Celtic TribesView Options:  |  |  |   

Celtic Tribes in Thrace

Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87189. Bronze Ring Money, 4 rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 88, III.0, 10 sets of 3 knobs, symmetric, 56.833g, 84mm, very large, scarce; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 93, XII.0, cylindrical ring with three rings of knobs, 5.202g, 19mm diameter, 8mm long; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 92, XI.0, ring with 7 large knobs, 9.870g, 26mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, 3.184g, 24mm; $225.00 (191.25)


Six Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87183. Bronze Ring Money, 6 bronze rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, symmetric, well formed, (1x) cf. Victoor IX-2b, Topalov Apollonia p. 109, XIX.0, wheel ring with four spokes, 10.442g, 31mm; (2x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, c. 3.9g, c. 26mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, two rings interlocked, each with 3 groups of 2 globules, 8.064g, c. 29mm each; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VII.0, 3 globules, 3.780g, c. 22mm; $200.00 (170.00)


Five Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87184. Bronze Ring Money, 5 rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, all symmetric, well formed, (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 88, III.0, 12 knobs, 19.512g, 60mm, very large and very rare; (3x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, each c. 3.0g, c. 25mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VII.0, small 3 globules, 1.167g, c. 19.5mm; $200.00 (170.00)


Five Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87185. Bronze Ring Money, 5 rings, VF, nice patinas, symmetric, well formed, (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, 4 knobs each ornamented with two nubs, 40.934g, 62mm, Very large and extremely rare; (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, triangular with each vertex ornamented with a knob trigon, 7.583g, 19mm, extremely rare; (3x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, each c. 3.8g, c. 26mm; $200.00 (170.00)


Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87186. Bronze Ring Money, 4 rings, VF, nice patinas, some chipping on nubs of large ring, asymmetrical - varying thickness, not all knobs and nubs evenly spaced, (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, 4 knobs each ornamented with three nubs, 31.858g, 64mm, very large and extremely rare; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 93, XII.0, small cylindrical ring with three rings of knobs, 8.746g, 15mm diameter, 13mm long, scarce; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, 3.073g, 26mm; (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VIII.0 (all symmetrical), 4 globules unevenly spaced, 3.725g, 22mm; $200.00 (170.00)


Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
LT87190. Bronze Ring Money, 4 rings, VF, nice patinas, (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia p. 89, VI.0 (many more knobs), 4 knobs, 54.514g, 82mm, very large and rare; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, each 4.683g, c. 26mm; (1x) cf. Victoor VI (many variations none too similar to this) ring with a floral or gear appearance, 14 pedals/teeth, 15.720g, 29mm; (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia p. 90, VII.0 (normal, round with three knobs), small ring with 3 knobs forming a Reuleaux triangle, 2.328g, 21mm; $200.00 (170.00)


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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This type normally has a prominent raised round (ball) cheek, but on this example the cheek is less prominent than most.

Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE76349. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Gbl OTA 197, Lanz 465; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, VF, tight flan, porous, weight 6.239 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 270o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; $190.00 (161.50)


Eastern Celts, Danube Region, 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia

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CE84816. Silver tetradrachm, Eselohr Type; Lanz 441, Gbl OTA 156/2, Castelin 1276, Pink 156, Dembski 1098, CCCBM -, VF, tight flan, light bumps and marks, earthen deposits, weight 13.366 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 45o, mint in Banat or southern Serbia, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate, bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized naked youth (resembles a bird?) on the back of a horse pacing left, pellet wreath behind rider, another pellet wreath before horse, branch below horse's belly; very rare; $140.00 (119.00)


Pannonian Celts, Skordoski, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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The name for this type, first first named by German numismatists, is Kugelwange, which means ball cheek in German. The type was struck by the Celtic Skordoski tribe in Syrmia, a fertile region in Europe, on the Pannonian Plain, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE85932. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Gbl OTA 193/14 v, CCCBM I S133, Lanz 485, Pink 196, Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian tetradrachms of Philip II), F, tight flan, dark patina, rough, corrosion, weight 9.769 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate bearded head of Zeus right, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek, pellet eye; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; $80.00 (68.00)


Celts, Hercuniates, Middle Danube, Imitative Philip II of Macedonia, "Kapostal" Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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The Hercuniates were a minor Celtic tribe located, by the middle of the first century B.C., in a narrow territory on the western side and close to the Danube a little west of modern Budapest. Their neighbors to the north were the Illyrian Azari and Dacian Carpi, to the east the Eravisci, to the south Illyrian tribes, and to the west a pocket of the Boii alongside the Taurisci. Pliny and Ptolemy refer to the Hercuniates as a civitas peregrina, a wandering tribe that had travelled to Pannonia from foreign parts, most probably following the Danube from the west, skirting the vast Hercynia silva, the forest from which they seem to have gained their name. Three Hercuniates' oppida sites have been identified, all in the Lake Balaton region. They issued their own coins by the second century B.C., but little else is known of them. They were subdued by Rome sometime between 20 B.C. and 40 A.D. Perhaps they peacefully allied with Rome but the events were not recorded.
CE79708. Billon tetradrachm, Gbl OTA 488/7, Lanz 780; imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Kapostal" type, aVF, corrosion, irregular flan, edge/reverse chip, weight 7.688 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate and bearded head of Zeus right, crescent of dots before face; reverse devolved rider left on horseback; $45.00 (38.25)




  



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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Mnzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Gbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (Mnchen, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Mnzprgung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Thursday, January 17, 2019.
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Celts in Thrace