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Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Renamed by Trajan after his sister, Ulpia Marciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center, part of Roman Thrace until c. 190, and then belonged to Moesia inferior. Marcianopolis' prosperity was ended by Gothic raids in 248 and 249, another in 267 or 268, and other barbarian invasions from the north. The city recovered and under Diocletian Marcianopolis became the center of the province Moesia Secunda of the Diocese of Thrace, and was thoroughly rebuilt in the late 3rd and early 4th century. During Valens' conflict with the Goths (366 - 369), Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city of Thrace. In 447, it was destroyed by the Huns under Attila, immediately after the bloody Battle of the Utus River. Justinian I restored and fortified it, but it was subject to regular barbarian attacks. An Avar raid finally destroyed it in 614 or 615.
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.RP84687. Bronze AE 20, 184.108.40.206 (R2), I/I 585, 397, 732 (R3) var. (CEΠ), VF, dark sea-green , scratches, 5.161 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 225o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, AY K Λ CE - CEYHPOC, laureate right; MAPKIANO-ΠOΛITΩN, Herakles standing left, strangling the ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
is depicted here in the same pose as The of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, .RP84156. Bronze triassarion, 220.127.116.11 (R3); 1311 (R3); I/I 787; p. 33, 40; -, VF, grainy, large split/crack, , 8.989 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, 217 - 218 A.D.; M K OΠEΛAION ANTΩNEINOC K, Bare headed, draped, and right, from the front; MAPKIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, advancing right, bow in left hand, drawing arrow from quiver with right hand, hound at feet springing right on her far side, Γ (mark of value) behind; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
Renamed by after his sister, , Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in . An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.RP70504. Bronze pentassarion, 6.37.5.- var. (R6, obv , arrangement), 1976 ff. var. (R3, same); -, -, VF, scratches, , , 11.799 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Tullius Menophilus; M ANTΩNIOX ΓOP∆IANOC AY, busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and , seen from behind; and on right, draped, wearing on ; AYT K M below; YΠ MHNOΦIΛOY MAPKIANOΠOΛ,I/T/Ω/N (last four letters in right ), Demeter standing facing, wearing , grain in right hand, long torch vertical behind in left hand, E in left; an unpublished variation of a ; $50.00 (€44.50)
Renamed by after his sister, , Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in . An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.RP72568. Bronze AE 29, 18.104.22.168 (R2); I/I 580; , p. 118, 816 (R3); p. 28, 5; 385, F, , porous, 12.144 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 225o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; V ΦΛ O ΛΠIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITOΛI, ( ) standing facing, left, on , in right hand, in left hand; $30.00 (€26.70)
and , 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The brothers, and , pledged to their dying father, , they would rule together. But each had a rival faction and vied for supremacy. Pretending reconciliation, scheduled a meeting at their mother's house where instead was murdered, dying in his mother's arms.RP85516. Bronze pentassarion, 22.214.171.124 (same dies, R3), 1076 (R5); I/I 650; 462, F, rough, scrape, corrosion, pitting, 12.067 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 45o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D.; AY K M AY ANTΩNINOC AY K CEΠ, ΓETAC (ending below busts), laureate and draped busts of and ; Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, nude Lykeios standing, to right, the right hand raised over the and holding bow in left, climbing a small tree before, E in left ; $22.00 (€19.58)
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