Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
Maionia, , 161 - 180 A.D.
was queen of the kingdom of , the wife of , the oak-clad mountain of . After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own.
bought Herakles from , who sold him after an oracle declared must be sold into slavery for three years. had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, wore the skin of the and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took in the Calydonian and the Argonautica. After some time, freed Herakles and took him as her husband.
The Greeks did not recognize as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with , a Greek word meaning navel (or ), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been and attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.GB83463. Bronze AE 19, 222; 3011; 302; p. 129, 17, VF, , , light marks and corrosion, 4.380 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Maeonia mint, rule of , 161 - 180 A.D.; bearded of Herakles left; MAIONΩN, advancing right, holding lion's skin and club across shoulder; $315.00 (€280.35)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . The wreaths refer to the games sponsored by each of the two cities, the ΠYΘIA games held by , and the XPVCANΘINA games held by Sardes.RP77256. Bronze AE 25, , V, 838 (Vs. A/Rs. 11); cf. 976; p. 260, 175, F, 7.301 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; M ΩT CEVHPA, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of ; ΠOΛEITΩN K CAP∆,IANΩN NEΩ/KOPΩN (ending in two lines in ), two wreaths side by side with inscriptions within, left XPV/CAN, right ΠVΘ/IA, OMONOI/A in the above; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, and , 43 - 49 A.D., Tralleis (as Caesarea),
On the slopes of Mount Messogis in the valley of the Meander, , was one of the largest and richest cities of . Attalus had a splendid palace there. The local god was Zeus Larasios, but Pythius and other divinities were also worshiped. On the defeat of Antiochus, 190 B.C., , with the rest of , was assigned to the kingdom of the Attalids, under whose gentle sway it enjoyed peace and prosperity, and was one of the chief mints of the . When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., he bequeathed the whole of to in order to prevent a civil war. was destroyed by an earthquake but was rebuilt by and took the name of Caesarea.
RP84886. Bronze AE 18, 2654; 691; 740; 1107; p. 345, 124; 5423; 535; -, gF, coppery surfaces, cutting off much of the legends, porous, 5.559 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, (Aydýn, Turkey) mint, 43 - 49 A.D.; TI KLAY KAI , heads of and , laureate; KAIΣAPEΩN BPETANNIKOΣ, togate figure of standing slightly left, left, holding ears of grain in right hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
and , 62 - 65 A.D., Thyatira,
was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. In 62 A.D., divorced his wife to marry . According to , married only to get close to and then, in turn, became Nero's favorite mistress, and then wife. She bore one daughter, Augusta, born 21 January 63, who died at only four months of age. At the birth of , honored mother and child with the title of Augusta. According to Suetonius, one day in the summer of 65, quarreled fiercely with over his spending too much time at the races. She was pregnant with her second child. In a fit of rage, kicked her in the abdomen, killing her.RP84927. Bronze AE 19, 2383 (6 spec.); p. 302, 65; 6932, -; -, aVF, dark green , a little rough, 4.666 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, c. 62 A.D.; NERΩN KΛAY∆IOC , laureate of right; ΠOΠΠAIAN CEBACTHN ΘYATIPHNOI, draped of right; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , ,
The primary reference for is: Foss, C. "A neighbor of : the city of and its successors" in Classical Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 2 (Oct. 1982), pp. 178-201, available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010770
Foss wrote that the small city of was first authorized to strike coins under . He believed that issued coinage only very sporadically and the coins were probably struck at the mint of their neighbor .RP85354. Bronze AE 19, III 2388 (5 spec.); 635; , p. 337, 29 and pl. X, 12 ; p. 181, I, VF, grainy surface, edge split, 4.542 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 190o, struck for at (?) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CEBACTH CABEINA, draped right, wearing ; TMΩΛITΩN, standing right, nude, bow in right hand, arrow in left hand; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances.RP77255. Bronze AE 30, cf. , VI, 848 ff. var. (Vs.C/Rs.-, unlisted die); 3668; 4054; 596, aF, rough, 10.243 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN NEWK/OPΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, OMONOYA in ; very ; $190.00 (€169.10)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.
GA85125. Silver , IV (middle) B, pl. XIV, 43; 1033; 4683, VF, typical , , 5.507 g, maximum 14.9 mm, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, quiver on shoulder, waist indicated, pellets on sleeves; irregular oblong punch; $175.00 (€155.75)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71560. Bronze AE 16, cf. I 525(1); 1407 ff.; 95; 362; p. 15, 13; 253a (all various controls outer left), EF, nice jade green , typical , contact marks, slightest spots of corrosion, 3.767 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling in spiral curls down neck and beneath ear; with paw feet, with flukes right below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left and outer right (controls, outer left off ); $170.00 (€151.30)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Thyateira, , Conventus of
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). In Revelation, Thyateira is the that had a false prophetess (Revelation 2:20).RP84898. Bronze AE 17, III 1829 (8 spec.), 628, 5357, IV 903, -, -, -, aF, dark , scratches, earthen deposits, 3.067 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 180o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 105 - 117 A.D.; ΠΛΩTEINA CEBACTH, draped right with hair in a plait behind; ΘYA/TIPH/NΩN in three lines within ; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
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