, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first Rome mint portrait , and a highly sought after .SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2520.00 (€2242.80)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of (high priest of Rome).
SH84764. Silver , 443/1, 1006, 49, 9, Gaul 27, 1557, 1399, near , light on luster, broad , , 1/5 off center, 3.834 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 30o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on a dragon or ( war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial ax), and (priest's hat); ex J. ; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, ( ) flanking across at center, in ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , Rome 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $570.00 (€507.30)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; (valor of the two emperors), standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, ( ) flanking across ; $560.00 (€498.40)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
stands perfectly at her ease, with legs crossed and leaning on a column, clearly relaxed, having nothing to fear. was praised for restoring security by eliminating the fratricidal son of Severus, long feared as the most cruel tyrant of Rome, beloved only by a venal soldiery, whom his largesses had enriched.SH77277. Silver , 92b, 80, 122c (Antioch), 32 var. (draped, no ), 7365, EF, nearly as struck, light tone on luster, portrait, , small edge cracks, 3.140 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Rome mint, IMP C M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right; (time of security), standing facing, left, in right hand, left leg crossed in front of right, leaning with left forearm on column; $500.00 (€445.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
This variety with a on the is much rarer than the same without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in Cologne, , and , and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).RP84748. , 359; 5354 (5 spec.); 327; p. 25, 208; 238; 18.6; 184; -; -; -, F, , light encrustations, cutting off parts of legends, 12.583 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 0o, mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, LA (year 1) lower right; EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, in extended right hand, in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $500.00 (€445.00)
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