Kings of , Pylaimenes , c. 140 - 89 B.C.
In Greek mythology, Pylaemenes was the of the Eneti tribe of (a much earlier , not the named on this coin). He claimed to be related to Priam through Phineus, as the latter's daughter Olizone was married to Dardanus. He led his Paphlagonian forces to the Trojan War, as a Trojan ally. Pylaemenes was killed in battle by Menelaus of Sparta. He had a son named Harpalion who was killed by Meriones, son of Molus.
The Pylaemenes named on this coin may have been Pylaimenes II (ruled c. 140 - 130 B.C.), who bequeathed his kingdom to , or Pylaimenes III (ruled c. 108 - 89 B.C.), a son of Nicomedes III, of . The symbolized peace and and perhaps indicated that Pylaimenes III desired close relations with Rome.GB77131. Bronze AE 18, Black Sea 1555; 150; I, p. 127 and pl. XVII, 3; p. 103, 2 and pl. XXIII, 12; -; BMC Stancomb -, VF, well struck, green , a little rough, 3.905 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, c. 140 - 89 B.C.; of bull facing; winged , BAΣIΛEΩΣ − ΠYΛAIMENOY / EΨEPΓEOY in three downward lines, the first line on the right, concave ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , c. 100 - 85 B.C.
We have been unable to find another example with this flower(?) or (?) control symbol on the .GB63160. Bronze AE 20, 311 var., p. 100, 49 var.; 1528 ff. var.; 795 var.; 227 var. (no refs. with this symbol left), VF, 8.575 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, (Sinop, Turkey) mint, 100 - 85 B.C.; helmeted of young Ares right; ΣINΩ−ΠHΣ, sword in scabbard, flower(?) or (?) lower left; , unpublished(?); $85.00 (€75.65)
, , c. 330 - 300 B.C.
Long used as a Hittite , was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. flourished as the Black Sea of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of . Lucullus conquered for Rome in 70 B.C., and established a Roman colony there, , in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rűm in 1214.SH75322. Silver
, 1484; 772; 284, aEF, beautifully , , small die crack on , 4.975 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 90o, (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in , wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; with in talons facing left, ∆IOY (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣINΩ below ; ex (2010), ex Baldwin & Sons, ; SOLD
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