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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 150-100 B.C.View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.

Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79630. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 743 (O AC8 / R 592); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, toned, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 16.745 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH monogram inner left; $240.00 (204.00)


Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79631. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 834 (O AF4 / R 462); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, high relief convex obverse, concave reverse, toned, centered on a tight flan, die wear, scratches and marks, weight 16.949 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 315o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH monogram inner left; $240.00 (204.00)


Roman Republic, M. Sergius Silus, 116 - 115 B.C.

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The reverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, M. Sergius Silus, who during the Punic War suffered 23 wounds and lost his right arm but continued to fight. He holds his sword and a severed Gallic head in his left hand.

EX S C indicates the issuer struck this coinage as quaestor by special decree of the Senate. Questors were the immediate superiors of the moneyers and occasionally struck coins under their own authority.
RR86467. Silver denarius, RSC I Sergia 1, Crawford 286/1, Sydenham 534, Russo RBW 1115, SRCV I 163, VF, rose toning, tight flan, obverse slightly off center, scratches, surface cracks, weight 3.813 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 116 - 115 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, EX S C before, ROMA and X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind; reverse helmeted horseman galloping left, sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q (questor) below horses forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in exergue; ex Warren Esty; $170.00 (144.50)


Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C.

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The reverse refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR86462. Silver denarius, Crawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, RSC I Minucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, SRCV I 197, F, toned, banker's marks, obverse slightly off center, weight 3.821 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left; reverse Roman soldier fighting barbarian, fallen soldier in center below, each holding a sword and shield, QTERMMF in exergue; $130.00 (110.50)


Roman Republic, M. Marcius Mn. F., 134 B.C.

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In 134 B.C., Scipio Aemilianus took command in Hispania to finish what lesser generals had failed to do. He recruited 20,000 soldiers and 40,000 allies, including Numidian cavalry under Jugurtha. He constructed a circumvallation around Numantia with seven towers from which his archers could shoot into the city and put chains across a river where it entered and exited. The city refused to surrender and starvation set in. Cannibalism and suicides of whole families ensued. The remnant population finally surrendered only after setting their city on fire. Late in the summer of 133 Scipio leveled the ruins.
RR86464. Silver denarius, Crawford 245/1, Sydenham 500, RSC I Marcia 8, Russo RBW 1009, SRCV I 122, aVF, rose and blue toning, centered on a tight flan, weight 3.583 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, modius behind, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) below chin; reverse Victory in a biga right, whip in right, reins in left, M - MAR-C (MAR ligate) over RO-MA below, both divided by two heads of grain; $110.00 (93.50)


Roman Republic, Anonymous (Elephant Head), 128 B.C.

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The elephant head recalls the victory of L. Caecilius Metellus over Hasdrubal at Panormus in 250 B.C. and the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants. The moneyer is perhaps L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Consul 117 B.C., or L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, Consul 119 B.C.
RR84586. Bronze semis, Crawford 262/2, Sydenham 497, BMCRR Rome 1048, SRCV I 880, VF, nice dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, tight partially ragged flan, weight 7.242 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 128 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, elephant head wearing bell facing right above, S (mark of value) right, ROMA below; ex CNG (part of bulk lot), ex RBW Collection; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

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RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $85.00 (72.25)


Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.

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In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR66996. Bronze semis, SRCV I 869, Sydenham 464, Crawford 242/2, BMCRR 955, aF, rough, weight 8.377 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, CAVG above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; $70.00 (59.50)


Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 61, Oct 2011, The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1

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The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1.
BC15659. Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 61, Oct 2011, The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1, softcover, 260 pages, 1220 lots, illustrated throughout, good condition, only one copy available, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $30.00 (25.50)


Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 83, May 2015, Roman Republican Coins Collection

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BC15800. Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 83, May 2015, The Collection of Roman Republican coins of a student and his mentor - Part III, softcover, 88 pages, 307 lots, illustrated throughout, good condition, only one copy available; $15.00 (12.75)




  



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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 13, 2017.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.