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Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., portrait of Alexander
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.SH82663. Silver tetradrachm, Müller 517, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, Meydancikkale -, VF, excellent portrait, sculptural high relief, well centered, light uneven toning, light bumps and marks, weight 16.984 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 90o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, 297 - 282 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverseAthena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, Nike crowning name in right hand, rests left arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, Φ inner left under arm, AP on throne, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY downward on left; scarce; $850.00 (€722.50)
Thracians, Odrysian Kingdom, Kotys I 384 - 359 B.C.
Soon after he became king, Kotys allied with Athens and married his daughter to the Athenian general Iphicrates, who became his second in command. With the help of Iphicrates, Kotys expanded his kingdom, but his success led to increasing tensions with Athens. The Second Athenian Confederacy was founded as a safeguard against Kotys. In 365 B.C., Kotys went to war with the Athenians for the Thracian Chersonese. Around this time, Kotys' treasurer Miltokythes rebelled. Iphicrates and Kotys' mercenary commander Charidemus bribed the Athenian commanders to help suppress the rebellion. In 361 B.C., Charidemus returned to Athens with a treaty from Kotys, proclaiming him an ally. By 360 B.C., Kotys controlled the whole Chersonese peninsula. Late Sep. 360 B.C., Kotys was murdered by two of Plato’s students, Python and Heraclides. Advisers to the King, they murdered him under the pretext that he had wronged their father. In Athens, they were proclaimed honorary citizens and rewarded with gold wreaths.
Kypsela, Thrace, was located in the region between the river Nestos to the river Hebros.GS86792. Silver diobol, Winzer 31.3; SNG Ashmolean 3719; Topalov 96; Peter p. 114 var. (KO/T-Y and no ivy leaf), gVF, toned, light marks, slightly grainy/porous, weight .0793 g, maximum diameter 11.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kypsela mint, 384 - 359 B.C.; obversebare head left, with beard and moustache; reverse two-handled vessel (Odrysian dynastic symbol?), KO above, ivy leaf right; very rare; $300.00 (€255.00)
Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace, Kotys IV, c. 171 - 167 B.C.
Cotys IV was a king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from c. 170 - 160 B.C., succeeding his father, Seuthes IV. He married Semestra and had a son, Dyegilos, who married Apama, daughter of Prusias II of Bithynia and wife Apama III. Their son Sothimus married Athenais, daughter of Attalus III, King of Pergamon and wife Berenice, and their son was Cotys I (Sapaean).GB85630. Bronze AE 14, Peykov C6200, Topalov II 9, SNG Stancomb 299, HGC 3.2 1737 (Kotys II, 57-50/48 B.C., R2), gF, dark near black patina, porous, weight 2.520 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Odessos or Bizye mint, c. 171 - 167 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverseeagle standing on thunderbolt left, head left, wings closed, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, KOTYOΣ in exergue; rare; $125.00 (€106.25)
Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus
A standard reference for Lysimachus coins.BK34118. Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus by Ludwig Müller, 1858; 102 pages, 9 plates; $50.00 (€42.50)
Arnold-Biucchi, C. "The Pergamene Mint under Lysimachos" in Studies Price.
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Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur, Volume 1: Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Cabyle. (Sofia, 1993).
Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Olcay, N., & Seyrig, H. Trésors monétaires séleucides. I: Le trésor de Mektepini en Phrygie. (Paris, 1965).
Peter, U. Die Münzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Poole, R. S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellénistiques de Byzance et de Calcédoine" in Essays Robinson. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians...6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).
Zograph, A. N. Ancient Coinage, Part II: Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).
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