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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian DynastyView Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Coins of the Justinian Dynasty

Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH83909. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/10, Ratto 1002, DOC I 5h (8th officina missing from collection, cites Ratto), Hahn MIB II 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478, VF, well centered, weak centers, struck with worn dies, weight 4.343 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC H, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; from the Robert Wachter Collection, ex Rudnik Numismatics; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The last recorded act of the Senate of the Western Roman Empire in Rome was to acclaimed new statues of Emperor Phocas and Empress Leontia in 603. The institution must have vanished by 630 when the Curia was transformed into a church by Pope Honorius I. The Senate at Constantinople continued to exist in the Eastern Roman Empire's capital until at least the mid-14th century when the ancient institution finally vanished from history.
SH83916. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 5c; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/3; Wroth BMC 4; Ratto 1191; Hahn MIB II 7; Sommer 9.6; SBCV 618; Tolstoi -, gVF, well centered, scratches on obverse, reverse die wear and crack, weight 4.478 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 603 - 607 A.D.; obverse o N FOCAS PERP AVC, bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and without pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVCC Γ (victory of the two emperors), angel standing facing, staurogram (cruciform Christ monogram) staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble base were recycled from earlier use. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediately after Phocus' death. Silt and debris completely covered the marble base (socle) when Giuseppe Vasi and Giambattista Piranesi made engravings and etchings of the column in the mid-18th century. The square foundation of brick was probably underground when the column was dedicated. The Forum was excavated down to its earlier Augustan paving in the 19th century.Column of Phocas
SH70001. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10i; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/21; Tolstoi 16; Ratto 1186; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Wroth BMC 19 var. (PER vice PERP), aEF, uneven strike, reverse off-center, weight 4.441 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 225o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ (victory of the Emperor, 9th officina), angel standing facing, long staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $400.00 (356.00)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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In 609 or 610, the Pantheon was consecrated to the Virgin Mary and all saints by Pope Boniface IV.
SH70039. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10j.6; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/25; Wroth BMC 22; Tolstoi 20; Sommer 9.10; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 620; Ratto -, gVF, graffiti, weight 4.436 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 609 - 610 A.D.; obverse D N N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $400.00 (356.00)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. It still stands in its original location, but the statue that was once on top was probably taken down soon after Phocus' death. An English translation of the inscription follows: To the best, most clement and pious ruler, our lord Phocas the perpetual emperor, crowned by God, the forever august triumphator, did Smaragdus, former praepositus sacri palatii and patricius and Exarch of Italy, devoted to His Clemency for the innumerable benefactions of His Piousness and for the peace acquired for Italy and its freedom preserved, this statue of His Majesty, blinking from the splendor of gold here on this tallest column for his eternal glory erect and dedicate, on the first day of the month of August, in the eleventh indiction in the fifth year after the consulate of His Piousness.Column of Phocas
SH70044. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e.1; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/12; Wroth BMC 10; Tolstoi 8; Ratto 1181; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620, aEF, weak legends, light graffiti, weight 4.342 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $400.00 (356.00)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble base were recycled from earlier use. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediately after Phocus' death. Silt and debris completely covered the marble base (socle) when Giuseppe Vasi and Giambattista Piranesi made engravings and etchings of the column in the mid-18th century. The square foundation of brick was probably underground when the column was dedicated. The Forum was excavated down to its earlier Augustan paving in the 19th century.Column of Phocas
SH70055. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10j.1; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/23; Wroth BMC 23; Tolstoi 19; Ratto 1186; Sommer 9.8; Hahn MIB 9; SBCV 620, gVF, uneven strike, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing, bearded, locks of hair at sides, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and no pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $400.00 (356.00)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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The war with the Vandalic Kingdom of Carthage in 533 - 534 was the first of Justinian I's wars of reconquest of the lost Western Roman Empire. The Vandals had occupied Roman North Africa in the early 5th century and established an independent kingdom. The Byzantine expeditionary force landed on the African coast in early September 533. The Vandal king Gelimer met the Byzantine army at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, on 13 September. His elaborate plan to encircle and destroy the Byzantines came close to success, but Belisarius forced a Vandal retreat and occupied Carthage. Gelimer withdrew, gathered his remaining strength, and in December advanced towards Carthage and met the Romans at the Battle of Tricamarum. Gelimer was defeated and fled to a remote mountain fortress, where he was blockaded until he surrendered in the spring. Belisarius returned to Constantinople with the Vandals' royal treasure and the captive Gelimer to enjoy a triumph. Africa was formally restored to imperial rule as the praetorian prefecture of Africa. The new province faced war with the Moors and military rebellions, and it was not until 548 that peace was restored and Roman government firmly established.The Vandalic War in 533-534

SL84527. Silver siliqua, SBCV 254, Sommer 4.119, Hahn MIB 53, Morrisson BnF 8, Tolsotoi 575, BMC p. 81, 4 (Ostrogothic), DOC I -, Ratto -, ANACS VF20 (4625611), Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 537 - 552 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AC, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse monogram , cross above, S below (unstruck), all within linear border surrounded by wreath; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, certified (slabbed) by ANACS; scarce; $160.00 (142.40)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
BZ79566. Bronze half follis, Wroth BMC 231, DOC I 244 (not in the collection, refs. Wroth), Hahn MIB 118B, SBCV 559, Sommer 7.77, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, aVF, uneven strike left side of obverse weak, weight 12.083 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage mint, c. 582 - 583 A.D.; obverse D N TIb mAVRIC P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, globus cruciger in right hand, shield on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right; reverse round shield containing star, surmounted by cross; K/R-T/G (Carthage) flanking, XX between NM (20 nummi) in exergue; ex CGB; very rare; $140.00 (124.60)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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In 572, the Byzantine Empire was at war with Persia and was attacked by the Visigoths from Spain.
BZ83545. Bronze follis, DOC I 152c, Wroth BMC 197, Morrisson BnF 2 ff., Tolstoi 159, Ratto 895, Sommer 5.38.2, Hahn MIB II 57a, SBCV 379, Choice F, well centered, weight 13.642 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse VTMNO-TOOΛV (blundered inscription), Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, holding together large cross on globe; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and U/II (year 7), cross above, Γ (3rd officina) below, THEUP' in exergue; $140.00 (124.60)


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.

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During Justin's reign (518527), Justinian was the emperor's close confidant and was probably acting as a regent long before Justin made him co-emperor on 1 April 527. Justinian was appointed consul in 521 and later commander of the army of the east. As Justin became senile near the end of his reign, Justinian became the de facto ruler. Upon Justin's death on 1 August 527, Justinian became the sole sovereign.
BZ83458. Bronze follis, DOC I 10b, Morrisson BnF 3/Cp/AE/1, Berk 112, SBCV 125, Hahn MIB I 4, Sommer 3.5, Wroth BMC 7 var. (P vice PP), Tolstoi 144 var. (same), Ratto -, F, irregular flan, large flan crack/flaw, weight 14.590 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 4 Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTIN ET IVSTINIAN P P AVΓ, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, six-pointed star left, cross right, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinope) in exergue; rare; $125.00 (111.25)




  







Catalog current as of Friday, April 28, 2017.
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Justinian Dynasty