, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
This commemorates the naval at in which won a decisive over and on 2 September 31 B.C. paid special honors to Actius, whose temple at commanded a view of the bay where the combat took place. After his , he enlarged both this sanctuary and the town of . Across the straight from , on the site of his campsite prior to the naval engagement, founded the city of Nicopolis. At Nicopolis, to his , he erected a war memorial and established games known as Actia or Actiaci. The Actiaca was established as the new local era with dates computed from the time of the battle.
SH85109. Silver , 1399 (same die), 171a, 144, 461, 201, 1611, EF, much mint luster, attractive portrait, broad , a little flat center, flaw lower , 3.849 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; ( son of god), right; standing slightly left, left, in right hand pointed at feet, in left hand, IMP - •X ( 10 times) divided low across , ACT• ( ) in ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Lycian League
had not been a sovereign state since its defeat by the Carian in 362 B.C. In 168 B.C., however, the Roman Republic made an autonomous Roman protectorate governed by the Lycian League. lost its freedom when incorporated it into the Empire as a Roman province in 43 A.D. Although the League no longer ruled independently, it continued to exist in a weakened form. The democratic principles of the Lycian League influenced the framers of the United States Constitution.
RS84668. Silver , 3334; C1; 4263; p. 38, 5, aVF, weak legends, scratches and marks, 2.940 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, c. 43 A.D.; TIBEPIOC KΛAY∆IOC , laureate right; ΓEPMANIKOC AUTOKPATWP, ( ), Λ-V ( ) flanking; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Vibo (Hipponion), , Italy, c. 192 - 89 B.C.
Vibo was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion. It was founded, probably around the late 7th century B.C., by inhabitants of Locri, a city south of Vibo on the Sea. In 388 B.C., the city was taken by Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of , who deported the entire population. The population came back in 378 B.C., with the of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii. The town fell to and became a Roman colony in 194 B.C. with the name of Vibo . After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.GI76947. Bronze , 494; 1856; 1395; 510; p. 363, 31; 2266; -, VF, nice green , slightly off-center, bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, 1.999 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 135o, Vibo mint, c. 192 - 89 B.C.; laureate of right, two pellets (mark of value) behind; , , two pellets (mark of value) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $245.00 (€218.05)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71012. Bronze AE 21, 636; p. 211 and pl. 38, 12; II.3 p. 225, 26; 256 var. ( ); 629; 7266, VF, adjustment marks, 5.468 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak floating behind, ΠM inner right under raised foreleg; $200.00 (€178.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances.
RP77255. Bronze AE 30, cf. , VI, 848 ff. var. (Vs.C/Rs.-, unlisted die); 3668; 4054; 596, aF, rough, 10.243 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN NEWK/OPΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, OMONOYA in ; very ; $190.00 (€169.10)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $180.00 (€160.20)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
In 243, Timesitheus, Gordian's father-in-law and praetorian prefect became ill and died under suspicious circumstances. appointed Philip the Arab as his new praetorian prefect.RB76166. , 303a, 117, 262, 8732, VF, attractive green with red earthen fill, nice portrait, , light marks, small edge cracks, 17.522 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, mint, 4th issue, 242 - 243 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; V P P, enthroned left, laurel-branch in right hand, left forearm resting on on back of his seat, S C ( ) in ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at for Use in
The ( ) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the . The was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The had seven strings and a flat back. A symbol of , credited with inventing it, the Kithara's origins were likely Asiatic. The was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word has come to mean "guitar."RY76699. as, 546, 684 (S), 1354, 442, -, VF, attractive dark with red earthen highlighting, nice , , 8.031 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 180o, mint, 119 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , ( ), ( ) flanking across the ; $160.00 (€142.40)
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