France, Louis XVI, 10 May 1774 - 4 September 1791 A.D.
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last of France and Navarre before the French Revolution; during which he was also known as Louis Capet. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, son and heir apparent of Louis XV of France, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he became of France and Navarre, which he remained until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of of the French until his suspension on 10 August 1792. Louis XVI was guillotined on 21 January 1793.
The Louis d'or (20 francs) under Louis XVI was minted between 1785 and 1792 and had a dimension of 23 mm, and a of 7.6490 g, a of 0.917, and gold content of 0.2255 troy oz.
SH84615. Gold louis d'or, 1707, 2183, 361, KM 591.5, 475, EF, mint luster, light marks, 7.663 g, maximum 24.3 mm, 180o, mint, 1786, 1st issue; LUD. XVI. D. G. FR. - ET NAV. REX (LVDOVICVS XIII DEI GRATIA FRANCIAE ET NAVARRAE REX "Louis XIII by the grace of God of France and of Navarre"), of Louis XVI left, DUVIV (engraver B. Duvivier) on truncation, bee (sign of the mintmaster Jean-Claude Gabet) below; CHRS. . VINC. IMPER 1786 (CHRISTVS REGNAT VINCIT IMPERAT "Christ reigns, conquers and commands"), crowned arms of France and Navarre, D ( ) below, left (symbol of engraver Jean Humbert Bernavon) before date; $1000.00 (€890.00)
France, III, 1574 - 1589
On May 31, 1575, III created a new 14.188 grams, .833 silver coin with the value of 20 sols tournois. The gold écu was set at 60 sols. The gold franc equaled 1/3 écu or 20 sols. This coin, corresponding to the value of the medieval gold franc, naturally took the name franc d'argent (silver franc). Our coin is a franc avec fraise, distinguished from the franc au col plat by the addition of a lace ruff to the king's collar. It was unique to the Toulouse mint. Due to constant clipping, the coinage of francs was suspended for on October 13, 1586. After the death of the , however, mints held by the Catholic League struck francs in his name.
SH84614. Silver franc, 1130A, 1434, 3612, 970, aVF, , 13.995 g, maximum 35.2 mm, 180o, Toulouse (M) mint, 1586; •HENRICVS•III D•G FRANC ET•POL•REX• ( III, by the grace of god, of France and Poland), laureate and of III, ruffled collar, M (Toulouse workshop letter) below , 1586 at bottom between end and beginning of ; * SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI•BENEDICTVM S (Blessed be the name of the Lord), fleurée, H surrounded by dots in the center; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Aquitaine, 1362 - 1372
Edward of Woodstock (15 June 1330 - 8 June 1376), called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362-72). He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular in England during his lifetime. Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
SH84611. Silver esterlin (sterling), 194c, 8133, 1125A, 511, d'Avant –, VF, , usual , clashed die, slightly off center, 0.996 g, maximum 18.9 mm, Poitiers mint, second issue; + : ED' PO·GIT·REG·AnGL P (Edwardus Primo Genetis Regis Anglie Princeps, double annulet before , rosette stops), half-length figure of Edward right, wearing floral . sword in right hand over right shoulder, raising left hand in ; : PRI-CPS - AQV-TAE (Prince of Aquitaine, double annulet before ), long , trefoil of three pellets in each quarter; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
France, Louis XIV the Sun , 1643 - 1715
This coin is on an older coin, of a "reformation" process involving financial manipulations and impacting all French silver and from 1690 to 1709. The is a Louis XIV, demi-écu aux huit L, , workshop A, 1690 - 1693, 1515; : LVD•XIIII•D•G (sun) FR•ET•NAV•REX, draped and of Louis XIV right, wearing large wig, obscure date below; : (Mg) CHRS - - VINC - IMP ( ), formed of four groups of two L's, each arm under a crown cutting the , A ( mint workshop letter) in a at the center, lis in each quarter.
SH84613. Silver demi-écu aux palmes, 1521A, 1895, 185, KM 295.1, VF, extraordinarily strong remnants, of on , of on , 13.297 g, maximum 34.5 mm, 180o, mint, 1694 (A, reformation); LVD•XIIII•D•G (sun) FR•ET•NAV•REX (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, of France and Navarre), right, wearing large wig, ornamented with facing of on chest; BENEDICTVM (arrow point) 1964 (crescen horns up - indicates reformation) SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI (Blessed be the name of the Lord), crown above three lis in a (round arms of France), between two palms tied at the bottom, •A• ( mint workshop letter) below; edge inscribed: (lis) (sun) (lis) (flower) DOMINE (flower) (lis) (flower) SALVVM (lis) (flower) FAC (flower) (lis) (flower) REGEM; $250.00 (€222.50)
France, Strasbourg, Louis XIV, 1684
The Free City of Strasbourg remained neutral during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and retained its status as a Free Imperial City. However, the city was later annexed by Louis XIV of France to extend the borders of his kingdom. Louis' advisors believed that, as long as Strasbourg remained independent, it would endanger the King's newly annexed territories in Alsace, and, that to defend these large rural lands effectively, a garrison had to be placed in towns such as Strasbourg. Indeed, the bridge over the Rhine at Strasbourg had been used repeatedly by Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) forces, and three times during the Franco-Dutch War Strasbourg had served as a gateway for Imperial invasions into Alsace. In September 1681 Louis' forces, though lacking a clear casus belli, surrounded the city with overwhelming force. After some negotiation, Louis marched into the city unopposed on 30 September 1681 and proclaimed its annexation.
SH84610. Silver Sol, 2054, 87, 1599, KM 245, VF, , light deposits, 0.936 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 180o, Strasbourg mint, 1684; MON• NOV• ARGENTINENSIS (new currency of Strasbourg), fleur-de-lis; * • IN• EXCELSIS• DEO• (glory to God in heaven), •I• / •SOL• / 1684 in three lines; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $220.00 (€195.80)
France, Louis XIV the Sun , 1643 - 1715
Under Louis XIV, the Sun , France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
SH84612. Silver 4 sols 2 deniers (1/5 écu), ON RESERVE
KM 281.4, 1959, 1519, 106, VF, , , small areas of , scratches, light corrosion, 1.523 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 180o, mint, 1691; LVL XIIII D G * 1691 FRA ET NAV REX (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, of France and Navarre), of Louis XIV right, draped, wearing large wig; DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM (May God protect our ), two L's and intertwined, three lis across , crown above ornamented with lis, D ( ) below; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $80.00 (€71.20)
, VI de Lancastre, of France and England, 1422 - 1453, The Annunciation
The depicts the Annunciation, the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the that she would be the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
This coin was struck at Dijon, a mint for the issue, which was minted in nine cities across France. In 1422 the year old of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and of Maine remained in Henry's control.SH79998. Gold Salut D'or,
102, 268c, 443, 447, gVF, 3.468 g, maximum 27.4 mm, 0o, Dijon mint, 2nd issue, 6 Sep 1423 - 1436; , hENRICVS: DEI: GRA: FRACORV: AGLI: REX ( , by the grace of God, of the Franks and English), double saltire stops, , behind Arms of France, facing Angel Gabriel in profile left behind quartered Arms of France and England, light of God above AVE downward on scroll between them, within beaded ; , XPC'*VIHCIT'*XPC'*REGNAT'*XPC'*ImPERAT'* (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands), mullet stops, central Latin , fleur de lis to left, to right, h below, all within of ten arcs, fleur de lis on cusps, all within linear and beaded ; this is a variety where Z is absent after FRACORV; very ; SOLD
France, Louis XII, 8 April 1498 - 31 December 1514
To marry Anne of Brittany and absorb Brittany into France, Louis claimed his wife Joan of France was physically malformed and unable to consummate the marriage. Joan produced witnesses to Louis' boast of having "mounted my wife three or four times during the night." In a decision predetermined by politics, the marriage was annulled. After Anne died, Louis married Mary Tudor, the sister of , of England. Louis had no living sons; he was desperate to produce an heir. He died less than three months after he married Mary, reputedly worn out by bedchamber exertions.SL54549. Gold Ecu,
647, NGC XF 40, Saint Lô mint, crown, LVDOVICVS : DEI : GRA : FRANCORVM : REX, crowned arms of France, sun above, pellet mint mark at 19th position on inner ; crown, XPS : VINCIT : XPS : REGNAT : XPS : IMPERAT, fleurée (arms ending in lis) with pellet inside quatrafoil in the center, pellet mint mark at 19th position on inner ; SOLD
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