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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |France||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of France

Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

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In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
SH87710. Silver petit blanc, Elias 297a (R), Duplessy 446, Ciani 603, Lafaurie 450, SCBC-SII 8167, leopard mintmark, F, toned, bumps, scratches, crowded flan, weight 1.159 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 210o, Rouen mint, 1423 - 1449; obverse (leopard) HEN-RICVS: - REX (King Henry, triple pellet stop), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side; reverse (leopard) SIT: nOmE: DnI: BEHEDICV' (Blessed be the name of the Lord, triple pellet stops), Latin cross, h left, R right; ex Gordon Andreas Singer, ex E.R. Duncan Elias Collection; rare; $540.00 SALE |PRICE| $486.00
 


France, Kingdom of Navarre and Viscountcy of Béarn, Henri III of Navarre (II of Béarn), 1572 - 1610

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Henry IV of France, also known as "Good King Henry," was King of Navarre (Henry III) from 1572 and Viscount of Béarn (Henry II) from 1572. Upon the death of his brother-in-law and distant cousin Henry III of France, Henry was called to the French succession in 1589. He initially kept the Protestant faith but after four years and at least 12 assassination attempts, he abjured the Calvinist faith. He promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598, guaranteeing religious freedom and ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated in 1610 by a fanatical Catholic. Unpopular immediately after his accession, Henry's popularity greatly improved after his death. The "Good King Henry" (le bon roi Henri) was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. Henry is said to have originated the oft-repeated phrase, "a chicken in every pot."
WO88341. Silver teston, Duplessy Féodales 1313, Boudeau 604, Poey d'Avant 3471 & pl. LXXIV, 9 corr. (no D cow B acorn, etc.), VF, well centered, toned, double strike, portrait strike a little weak, weight 9.506 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 180o, Béarn, Morlaàs mint, 1573; obverse HENRICVS•II•D•G•REX•NAVARRE•D (cow) B (acorn) (Henry II, by the grace of god, king of Navarre), laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III, high ruffled collar; reverse GRATIA•DEI•SVM•QD•SVM•1573 (thank God I am what I am), 5 pointed star after date, crowned coat of arms shield, crown cutting the legend at the top, 1st and 4th quarter with arms of Navarre, 2nd of Béarn, and 3rd of Bourbon, flanked on each side with a crowned H; ex Ross D. King (Ontario dealer); $395.00 SALE |PRICE| $356.00
 


France, Henri IV, 2 August 1589 - 14 May 1610

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Henry IV, also known as "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. Upon the death of his brother-in-law and distant cousin Henry III of France, Henry was called to the French succession in 1589. He initially kept the Protestant faith but after four years and at least 12 assassination attempts, he abjured the Calvinist faith. He promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598, guaranteeing religious freedom and ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated in 1610 by a fanatical Catholic. Unpopular immediately after his accession, Henry's popularity greatly improved after his death. The "Good King Henry" (le bon roi Henri) was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. Henry is said to have originated the oft-repeated phrase, "a chicken in every pot."
UK88342. Silver 1/2 franc, Duplessy 1212A, Lafaurie 1061, Ciani 1534, Roberts 3581, VF, well centered, toned, areas flatly struck, tiny edge split, weight 7.028 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Angers mint, 1600; obverse HENRICVS•IIII•D•G•FRAN•ET•NAVA•REX• (Henry IV, by the Grace of God, King of France and Navarre), bust of king right, •F• (mintmark) below; reverse + SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI•BENEDICVM•1600 (Blessed is the Name of the Lord), floral cross, with H in center; ex Karl Stephens (Temple City, CA dealer); rare; $295.00 SALE |PRICE| $266.00
 


France, John II the Good, 26 April 1319 - 8 April 1364

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When John II the Good (French: Jean le Bon) came to power, France faced many disasters: the Black Death killed nearly half its population, there were popular revolts, unemployed mercenaries plundered the country, and losses to the English, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured. While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles had to suppress several rebellions. To liberate his father, in 1360 Charles concluded the Treaty of Brétigny, by which France surrendered territory and promised to pay an enormous ransom. In an exchange of hostages, including his son Louis, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return in France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency. John tried to get rid of the mercenaries by sending them on a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their planned meeting in Avignon. After his son Louis escaped from captivity, John shocked and dismayed his people by announcing that for "good faith and honor" he would voluntarily return to captivity in England. John was greeted in London in 1364 with parades and feasts, however, a few months after his arrival he fell ill with an unknown malady and died. His body was returned to France, where he was interred in the royal chambers at Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.
ME87717. Silver Blanc aux quadrilobes, Duplessy 297, Ciani 369, Lafaurie 300, Roberts 2511, F, toned, uneven strike with weak areas, tight flan cutting off parts of outer legend, porosity, weight 1.293 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st emmision, authorized 22 Jan 1352; obverse outer legend: + BNDICTV: SIT: nOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (the name of our Lord Jesus Christ be blessed, triple pellet stops), inner legend: + IO-HAn-nES - REX (King John, no stop); cross potent dividing the inner legend; reverse TVRONVS•CIVIS (City of Tours, pellet stop), Châtel tournois topped with flower, outer border of twelve lis within arches; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; very rare; $190.00 SALE |PRICE| $171.00
 


France, Philip IV the Fair, 1285 - 1314

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King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME87711. Silver Obole or maille bourgeoise, Ciani 235, Duplessy 233, Lafaurie 238, Roberts 2641, VF, toned, well struck, tiny edge split, weight 0.432 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Bourges mint, authorized 26 Jan 1311; obverse + PHILIP-PVS REX, Latin cross, dividing the legend at the bottom; reverse BVRGENSIS (annulet on N), NOV/VS in two lines; lis above, dividing legend and flanked on each side by three pellets arranged in a triangle; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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After one particularly memorable feast, which put Richard in great good humor, he impulsively knighted his cook, making him "lord of the fief of the kitchen of the counts of Poitou." Arise, Sir Cook! -- https://www.historyextra.com/period/medieval/8-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-richard-the-lionheart/
ME87771. Silver denier, Elias 8b (S), Duplessy Feodales 926, Poey d'Avant 2536, SCBC-SII 8008 var. (no annulet), VF, toned, tiny edge split, weight 1.019 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 165o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border, annulet in third (lower left) quarter; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; scarce; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II. Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. The legendary Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
ME87778. Silver denier, Elias 8, Duplessy Feodales 920, Poey d'Avant 2506, SCBC-SII 8008, VF, toned, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 1.161 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 315o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00
 


Duchy of Savoy, Italy, Carlo I, 1482 - 1490

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The Duchy of Savoy (Italian: Ducato di Savoia, French: Duché de Savoie) was created in 1416 when the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund raised the County of Savoy into a duchy for Amadeus VIII. The duchy was an Imperial fief, subject of the Holy Roman Empire with a vote in the Imperial Diet. Chambéry was the capital until 1562, when it was moved to Turin. Throughout its history, it was ruled by the House of Savoy and formed a part of the larger Savoyard state, but it was at times occupied by France. In 1860, under the terms of the Treaty of Turin, the Duchy of Savoy was annexed by France. The last Duke of Savoy, Victor Emmanuel II, became King of Italy.Italy_Map

ME92020. Billon Forte, CNI I p. 112, 139; Biaggi 2471 (R) corr., VF, toned, light porosity, weight 0.636 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 210o, Chambery (France) mint, 1482 - 1490; obverse + KAROLVS · DVX · S · B · D · PC, shield with coat-of-arms of Savoy, annulet above and another below; reverse + PRINCEPS · IN · ITALIA, large K, four annulets around; ex CNG e-auction 247 (12 January 2011), lot 445; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Vienne Archbishopric, Viennois, France, 12th Century A.D.

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In 1023 the Archbishops of Vienne became secular lords paramount. They had the title of Count, making them prince-archbishops, and when in 1033 the Kingdom of Arles was reunited to the Holy Roman Empire, they retained their independence and obtained from the empire the title of Archchancellors of the Kingdom of Arles.
ME91706. Silver dinar, Duplessy Féodales 2381, Poey d'Avant 4826, Boudeau 1045, Roberts -, VF, toned, some legend weak, weight 0.813 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, Vienne mint, 12th Century A.D.; obverse +•S•M•VIENNA•, bearded head of Saint Maurice of Vienne left; reverse MAXIMA•GALL (barred LL's), cross, pellet in each quarter; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 







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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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