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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Dacia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Dacia

The eagle and the lion are symbols of the Legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which were quartered in Provincia Dacia.


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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Dacia kneeling before Rome! After his defeat in 101 A.D., King Decebalus complied with Rome for a time but then incited the tribes to pillage Roman colonies across the Danube. Trajan marched into Dacia in 105 A.D. After defeating the surrounding mountain fortresses, in 106 A.D. Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The Romans found Decebalus' treasure, estimated at 165,500 kg of gold and 331,000 kg of silver, in the river of Sargesia.
RB92416. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 250c-1, RIC II 485, BMCRE III 774, Strack I 371, SRCV II 3194 var. (same), Hunter II 270 var. (same), F/aF, nice portrait, some legend weak, bumps and scratches, porosity, weight 23.760 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Roma standing slightly left, head left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, Victory in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand; small Dacian at her feet on left, kneeling right and raising hand in supplication; S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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After defeating the surrounding mountain fortresses, in 106 A.D. Trajan captured Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. On 11 Aug 106 A.D., the south-eastern part of Dacia (modern Romania) was made the Roman province Dacia. Veterans of the legions were given land in the new province for their service in the Roman army.
RB91565. Bronze sestertius, Woytek 247bB-1, BMCRE III 933, Hunter II 264, BnF IV 302, RIC II 510, Cohen II 420, Strack 367, SRCV II -, aF, very nice portrait for the grade, well centered, attractive toning, bumps and scratches, weight 24.336 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 106 - 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Pax seated left, nude to waist, olive branch in right, left elbow resting on throne, feet on footstool, Dacian at her feet facing her on right knee, wearing pointed cap, and extending toward her a petition held in both hands, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia

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The local era dates from Philip's Danubian campaign victory over the invading Carpi tribe in the summer of 246. The eagle and the lion, symbolized the legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which took part in the campaign. The Provincia Dacia issues are mostly rare and were minted for only 8 years.
RP68955. Bronze provincial sestertius, Aleksandar Dacia I.4.3; Varbanov I 7 (R5); BMC Thrace p. 14, 1 var. (no standard left); cf. SGICV 3873 (year 3), aVF, well centered, grainy, weight 11.966 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 30o, Ulpia Traiana(?) mint, Jul/Aug 246 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PROV-INCIA DA-CIA, Dacia standing facing, head left, in long chiton and Phrygian cap (pileus), curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, standard inscribed V in ground and eagle with wreath in beak on ground left, lion walking left on right, AN•I• in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Geto-Dacian(?), c. 75 - 105 A.D., Imitative of Vespasian or Titus Denarius

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Tribal peoples outside the Empire struck coinage imitative of Roman types beginning in the second century B.C. and continued to strike imitative types even after the Western Empire ceased to exist.
CE68897. Silver denarius, Davis I4 (this coin); for possible Roman prototype see RIC Vespasian 702 and 705 (emperor seated right), F+, weight 3.319 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 75 - 105 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Vespasian or Titus right, blundered legend around; reverse Emperor seated left, branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, blundered legend around; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Gemini LLC auction IX, lot 739, ex Phillip Davis Collection, said to have been found in Romania; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Aleksandar, I.K. Catalog Provincial Coins of Dacia, the Roman Province. (2008). Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Sunday, January 26, 2020.
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Dacia