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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Persian RuleView Options:  |  |  | 

The Persian Empire in Phoenicia, Palestine, Judaea, and Egypt

The Persian Empire included Judaea and the surrounding area, even Egypt. Persian rule in the region ended with Alexander the Great's triumph.


Persian Empire, Judaea (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.

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Minted in Judaea while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. Click here to see a map of the Persian Empire about 500 B.C.
JD59398. Silver obol, Meshorer TJC 5, Hendin 1051, aF, weight 0.487 g, maximum diameter 8.4 mm, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse oriental style head of Athena; reverse Aramaic inscription, owl standing left, head facing, olive spray right; rare; $135.00 (Ä120.15)


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.

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After the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah, the Jews were taken into the seventy-year Babylonian captivity. When ancient Persia took control of Babylon, Haman, the royal vizier, convinced King Ahasuerus to destroy all the Jews. Esther, Ahasuerus' queen and, unknown to him, a Jew, interceded on behalf of her people. By law the King could not rescind the order to slaughter the Jews, so he issued a second decree that permitted the Jews to defend themselves with armed force. The King replaced Haman with Mordecai, a palace official, cousin and foster parent of Esther. The Jews defeated Haman, killing his ten sons that were leading the attacks, and then hanged Haman. The day after the battle was designated as a day of feasting and rejoicing. Scholars identify King Ahasuerus as the historical king Xerxes I, 485 - 465 B.C. Xerxes is the Greek version of his name but the Babylonians knew him as Khshayarsha. The Hebrew name Ahasuerus, appears to be derived from Khshayarsha, with the letter A added at the beginning.
GA29997. Silver siglos, Carradice type IIIb (early), pl. XII, 16 ff.; Rosen 673; SGCV II 4682; Carradice NC 1998 pl. 7, 155 ff.; Carradice Price p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff., gF, well centered with almost all detail present, porous, edge cracks, weight 5.241 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 485 - 420 BC.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned; reverse irregular oblong punch; $120.00 (Ä106.80)


Persian Empire, Judaea (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.

Click for a larger photo

Minted in Judaea while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. Click here to see a map of the Persian Empire about 500 B.C.
SH36158. Silver hemiobol, Meshorer TJC 16, Hendin 429v, VF, weight 0.270 g, maximum diameter 7.5 mm, die axis 135o, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse oriental style head of Athena; reverse "YHD" (Yehudah), falcon with wings spread, head right; rare; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Thursday, March 23, 2017.
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Persian Rule