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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ Justice & EquityView Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

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A similar specimen (no P P on obverse) was sold in NAC 39, lot 120, for over $500. The obverse of our coin was struck with a finer style die and including the P P in the legend.
RS89694. Silver denarius, RIC II 339(c), RSC II 382c, SRCV II 3473, BMCRE III 483 var. (laureate), Hunter III 166 var. (same), VF, nice portrait, light toning, small edge splits, weight 3.102 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 128 - 132 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, bare head right; reverse COS III, Aequitas standing slightly left head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Beast Coins, ex Paul Balla Collection; $140.00 (119.00) ON RESERVE


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

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Justitia is the Roman goddess or personification of justice. She was not depicted on many Roman coin types. Perhaps this coin would make a nice gift for a lawyer or judge!
RS88833. Silver denarius, RSC II 877, BMCRE III 74, RIC II 42, Strack II 36, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, aVF, die wear, some light marks and scratches, edge cracks, weight 3.101 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 118 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS II, Justitia seated left on throne with high back, patera in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, IVSTITIA in exergue; ex Numismatic Naumann auction 72, lot 1045 (part of); $125.00 (106.25)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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In 194, Septimius Severus marched with his army of 12 legions to Cilicia and defeated Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria, at the Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch where he was executed by Severus' troops.
RS87232. Silver denarius, RIC IV 344; BMCRE V p. 83, 319; RSC III 18; SRCV II 6258, VF, excellent Alexandria style portrait, tight flan cutting off much of the legends, worn reverse die, edge cracks, weight 1.931 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 200o, Alexandria mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Nice gift for a lawyer or a judge. In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS84993. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 27b, RSC IV 9, Hunter III 25, SRCV III 8918, Choice EF, mint luster in recesses, light toning, well centered on a broad flan, some reverse die wear, weight 3.638 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG (equity of the two emperors), Aequitas standing facing, head left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA83503. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3539, RIC V-1 82, BnF XII 1604, Hunter IV 3, Venra 549 - 561, Gloucester 690, Maravielle 708, Navis-Mhlen 142, Choice EF, well centered, much silvering, light marks, weight 3.342 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, issue 3, early 276 ? June 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ in right field, XXI in exergue; $80.00 (68.00)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS88408. Silver denarius, RIC III 120, RSC II 499, BMCRE IV 189, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, VF, well centered, light toning, flow lines, struck with a worn reverse die, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.630 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 185 - Dec 186 A.D.; obverse M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $80.00 (68.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA74573. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1610i, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, nice portrait, white metal, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 170o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in exergue; $40.00 (34.00)







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Friday, April 26, 2019.
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Justice