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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Asia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Asia

China, Qing Dynasty, De Zong, The Guangxu Emperor, 1875 - 1908

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The Guangxu Emperor, De Zong, was the tenth emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the ninth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. His reign lasted from 1875 to 1908, but in practice he ruled, under Empress Dowager Cixi's influence, only from 1889 to 1898. He initiated the Hundred Days' Reform, but was abruptly stopped when the empress dowager launched a coup in 1898, after which he was put under house arrest until his death.
CH89424. Bronze 10 cash, Coins in the Collection of Shanghai Museum, Vol. 6, 2169 (5.0g, 25mm, similar thick rims); cf. Hartill 22.1275 (smaller), VF, rough fields and file marks (normal for the type), weight 4.565 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Bejing, Board of Revenue mint, c. 1875 A.D.; obverse Guang Xu tong bao, protruding head boo, thick outer rim; reverse Boo Chiowan (Board of Revenue), thick outer rim; rare; $95.00 (83.60)


China, Northern Song Dynasty, Emperor Hui Zong, 1101 - 1126 A.D

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"Round as the heavens, square as the earth," is a Chinese saying used to metaphorically describe the fabric of the coins. On the practical side, it was discovered very early that a square hole fit a square shaft, which enabled a stacked quantity of coins to be turned on a lathe to remove casting irregularities.

The slender gold script was the personal calligraphy style of the Emperor Hui Zong.
Huizong
CH89211. Bronze 10 cash, Hartill 16.400, Schjoth 621, Fisher 1040, VF, lovely dark blue-green patina, weight 10.574 g, maximum diameter 34.7 mm, 1102 - 1106 A.D.; obverse Chong Ning tong bao, clockwise, slender gold script, bottom of Chong like he; reverse plain; $50.00 (44.00)


China, Northern Song Dynasty, Emperor Hui Zong, 1101 - 1126 A.D

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"Round as the heavens, square as the earth," is a Chinese saying used to metaphorically describe the fabric of the coins. On the practical side, it was discovered very early that a square hole fit a square shaft, which enabled a stacked quantity of coins to be turned on a lathe to remove casting irregularities.

The slender gold script was the personal calligraphy style of the Emperor Hui Zong.
Huizong
CH89212. Bronze 10 cash, Hartill 16.400, Schjoth 621, Fisher 1040, VF, attractive blue-green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 11.218 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, 1102 - 1106 A.D.; obverse Chong Ning tong bao, clockwise, slender gold script, bottom of Chong like he; reverse plain; $50.00 (44.00)


Dai Viet (Vietnam), Later Le Restoration, Le Trang Tong, 1533 - 1548, Unofficial

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Later Le Restoration is a distinction current in Vietnamese historiography. This period marked the ending of first Le dynasty which had flourished for 100 years from 1427 to 1527 until the high-ranking mandarin Mac Dang Dung stole the throne of emperor Le Cung Hoang in 1527 and established the Mac dynasty, ruling the whole territory of Vietnam. The Le royalists escaped to the Kingdom of Lan Xang (now Laos). The Right Commander-General of the Five Armies, Nguyen Kim, summoned the people loyal to the Le emperor to form the new army and to organize a revolution against the Mac. Nguyen Kim returned to the land of Vietnam and led the six-year civil war. Nguyen Kim was poisoned and the power of royal court was succeeded to his son-in- law Trinh Kiem, founder of Trinh clan.
VN86956. Copper cash, Greenbaum 10, Hartill -, Toda -, F, chalky deposits, weight 3.036 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1533 - 1548; obverse Thien Thong Hi Bao, Thien in seal script, Zi and Tong in regular script; reverse plain; rare; $40.00 (35.20)


China, Jin Dynasty, Emperor Shi Zong, 1161 - 1190 A.D.

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Emperor Shizong's reign was the longest and most stable among the Jin dynasty emperors. The Jin were Jurchens and Shizong's predecessor was assassinated by die-hard Jurchen tribesmen who wished to preserve their disappearing culture. Soon after ascending the throne, Shizong ordered translation of Chinese classics into Jurchen. The state began offering jinshi degrees in Jurchen, opened the Jurchen Imperial Academy in the capital, and opened Jurchen schools across the empire. Shizong required that, when dealing with Jurchen speakers, government officials respond in Jurchen. In 1174, the imperial guards were told to learn Jurchen, and not to speak in Chinese. In 1188, he prohibited Jurchens from wearing Han Chinese clothes. He was, however, a believer in both Buddhism and Taoism.Shizong_of_Jin
CH89238. Bronze 1 cash, Hartill 18.48, Schjoth 1090, Fisher 1644, VF, dark patina, light deposits, weight 3.700 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1178 - 1189 A.D.; obverse Da Ding Tong Bao; reverse You below hole, two strokes in middle of You; scarce; $40.00 (35.20)


Kingdom of Quangnam (Southern Vietnam), The Nguyen Lords, Nguyen Phuc Khoat (Vo Vuong), 1738 - 1765

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In 1744 Nguyen Phuc Khoat proclaimed the southern region a kingdom and took the regnal name Vo Vuong. Although he listened to music by western missionaries, Vo Vuong banned both missionaries and Christianity. He expanded his territory, taking parts of Cambodia. The Vietnamese-Cambodian border established by the end of his reign remains the border today. After declining availability of coins became a serious problem, in 1746 he purchased zinc from Dutch merchants to cast coins. He also allowed over 100 private mints. Unfortunately, some of these mints mixed cheaper black lead (lead) with the white lead (zinc). In 1776, Le Quy Don wrote in Phu Bien Tap Luc ('Miscellaneous records in the border area'), "There was one kind of coin called Thien Minh Thong Bao, which had black lead mixed in and became very fragile. People refused to accept it because of its ugliness; therefore the trade did not go smoothly, coins were not circulated well."Vo Vuong
VN83965. Zinc cash, Barker 85.1, Toda 285, VF, earthen deposits, weight 1.703 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, 1746 - 1765; obverse Thien Minh Thong Bao; reverse plain; $20.00 (17.60)


Dai Viet (Vietnam), Unknown King or Rebel, c. 1600 - 1700

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A number of cash coin types bearing the names of princes, of rebel chiefs, or of various mints have not been classified. Their Annamese origin is established, but no precise dates or other information. Many are from the Quang-nam Principality, the rulers of which were de facto kings and issued coins at various times. The names of these rulers are unknown. Some rebels who issued coins are otherwise entirely unrecorded by history.
VN83970. Bronze cash, Toda 264 (unclassified), Barker -, aVF, dark green patina, light dusting of chalky earthen deposit, weight 1.263 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, c. 1600 - 1700; obverse Thien Nguyen thong bao, regular script, nguyen in seal script; reverse blank; $18.00 (15.84)


China, Northern Song Dynasty, Emperor Hui Zong, 1101 - 1126 A.D.

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Huizong, one of the most famous Song Dynasty emperors, spent most of his life surrounded by luxury, sophistication, and art, but ended in tragedy. An artist, Huizong neglected the army, and Song China became increasingly weak. On Jan 18, 1126, after the forces of the Jin had crossed the Yellow River and came in sight of the Song capital, Kaifeng, Huizong abdicated in favor of his son Emperor Qinzong. The Jin entered Kaifeng on Jan 9, 1127, and many days of looting, rapes, and massacre followed. Huizong and Qinzong were captured and demoted to commoner. Huizong was deported to northern Manchuria, where he spent the last eight years of his life as a captive.Huizong
CH83979. Bronze 10 cash, Hartill 16.407, Schjoth 622, Fisher 1050, aVF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 11.075 g, maximum diameter 34.5 mm, 1102 - 1106 A.D.; obverse Chong Ning zhong bao (coinage of greater reverence), li script, large characters; reverse plain; $18.00 (15.84)


Vietnam, Nguyen Dynasty, Nguyen The To (Gia Long), 1 June 1802 - 3 February 1820

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A nephew of the last Nguyen lord who ruled southern Vietnam, at age 15, Nguyen The To (also known as Nguyen Anh) was forced into hiding when his family was slain in the Tay Son revolt. After several changes of fortune in which his loyalists regained and again lost Saigon, he befriended the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine. Pigneau recruited volunteers to help him take the throne. From 1789, he advanced north, defeating the Tay Son, reaching the Chinese border 1802, and reuniting all Vietnam, from China down to the Gulf of Siam, after centuries of feudal warfare. He took the regnal name Gia Long, moved the capital from Hanoi to Hue, and reinstated Confucian education and civil service. In return for French support, he tolerated Catholic missionaries, which was increasingly restricted under his successors. Using French expertise, he modernized Vietnam's military, gained dominance in Indochina, and made Cambodia into a vassal state.Gia Long
VN84043. Zinc Cash (7 Phan), Barker 99.11, Toda 213, SCWC KM 173a, Schroeder 441, VF, thin patina and earthen deposits, weight 2.625 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, 1 Jun 1802 - 3 Feb 1820; obverse Gia Long Thong Bao; reverse That phan (right to left, seven phan); $18.00 (15.84)


China, Northern Song Dynasty, Emperor Ren Zong, 1022 - 1063 A.D.

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Despite his long reign of over 40 years, Renzong is not widely known. His reign marked the high point of Song influences and powers but was also the beginning of its slow disintegration that would persist over the next century and a half. Instead of the usual square, the shape of the hole on this coin resembles a flower. The Chinese referred to this type of hole as a flower hole, rosette hole, or chestnut hole. Westerners sometimes refer to them as a star hole. The Chinese call similar hexagon holes as turtle shell holes. These whole variations were created by mint workers doing final detail work, using a chisel or a file to remove excess metal that flowed into the center hole during casting. Creating these fancy holes was certainly intentional but the purpose is unknown.
CH67427. Bronze 1 cash, Hartill 16.114, Fisher 905, F, flower hole, dark patina, light earthen encrustations on reverse, weight 3.164 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, 1039 - 1054 A.D.; obverse Huang Song tong bao, tong regular script, clockwise, dot in tong not distinct; reverse plain; $16.00 (14.08)




  



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REFERENCES|

Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Catalog current as of Friday, November 22, 2019.
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Asia Coins