, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., ,
The curule chair was for magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of a throne, it might be given as an to foreign kings recognized formally as a friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the , the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.RP84096. Bronze AE 25, p. 330, 29 & pl. L, 17; -, -, -; -, -, -; -, RPC -, BMC -, VF, green , , corrosion, 12.463 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 30o, mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; seated left on curule chair, laureate and togate, in right hand; EΦE/ΣIΩN in two lines within laurel closed at the top with an annulet; ex Bankhaus (18 Nov 1997); very ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, , 90 - 89 B.C.
The torch is an attribute of and a civic symbol of .
of invaded and beginning the First Mithridatic War.GS76188. Silver , Dated 46, 36, 326, 325, -, -, -, VF, dark uneven on , struck with a worn die, 12.674 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 0o, mint, 90 - 89 B.C.; cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case ornamented with an , strap lower right, flanked on each side by a snake with erect, serpent-entwined staff above between snakes' heads, ME (year 45) over EΦE on left, flaming torch on right; $160.00 (€142.40)
, , in with , 253 - 268 A.D.
In the cities of ancient , the was a council of citizens ( ) appointed to run daily affairs of the city. Originally a council of nobles advising a , boulai evolved according to the constitution of the city; in oligarchies, positions might be hereditary, while in democracies, members were typically chosen by lot and served for one year. The personification of is known from Athenian reliefs. She wears a and a , and is veiled or her hair is covered by a .
RP77258. Bronze AE 24, , IX, cf. 755 (B/-, unlisted die); 5905; -; BMC -; -, -, -, -, -, gF, nice for the grade, , slightly off center, 5.663 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 135o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, 253 - 268 A.D.; K EΦEC-IΩN OMONY/A, laureate, veiled, and draped of right; Π-OΛITΩN, advancing left, in extended right hand, frond against left shoulder in left hand; NEΩKO-ΩN in fields, starting upward on left, last two letters downward on right; very ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., with
, on the coast of Anatolia, was one of the twelve cities of the League. It was famous for its Temple of , completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The cult image of the Ephesian goddess has a mummy-like body with the feet placed close together, is many-breasted, and from each of her hangs a long with tassels at the ends. At her side stands a stag, raising its to the image of the goddess. The usual of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of most frequently depict a bee on the . The high-priest of the temple of was called Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). was one of the seven churches of cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
GB85248. Bronze assarion, & O27/R70; 2624; 373; p. 73, 205; 2875; -; -, F, dark green , 6.476 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, mint, c. 49 - 50 A.D.; heads right of , laureate, and , draped; stag standing right, KOYΣI/NIOΣ (Causinius, magistrate) in two lines above, o/T left, ∆ right, EΦE below; $115.00 (€102.35)
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