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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Archelaus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Son of Herod the Great, he inherited the southern part of his father's kingdom ? Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

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Based on the fabric and style, we know that Herod used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.
JD43519. Bronze 2 prutot, Hendin 1194, Meshorer TJC 70, RPC I 4914, F, weight 2.834 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆ (of Herod) HC, double cornucopia; reverse EΘN/XPA/CH (Ethnarch), galley left; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD


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Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD36479. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196, Meshorer TJC 73, SGICV 5539, RPC I 4917, VF, weight 2.530 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; attractive example, ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD


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The anchor was adopted from the Selukids, who used it to symbolize their naval strength. Anchors are often depicted upside down, as they would be seen hung on the side of a boat ready for use.
JD34886. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1193; Meshorer TJC 69b; BMC p. 235, 39; Meshorer AJC II p. 239, 2b, VF, weight 1.099 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 - 6 B.C.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), anchor with long slender arms; reverse EΘ/AN (Ethnarch), surrounded by oak wreath; ex Carl Greenbaum Collection, ex Amphora Coins; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019.
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Herod Archeleus