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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ BritainView Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Britain

Before the Roman invasion, Britain was populated by Celtic tribes with well-established cultural and economic links with continental Europe. Although Julius Caesar conducted the first Roman campaign in Britain in 55 B.C., the conquest did not begin until A.D. 43, during the reign of Claudius. The British tribes initially opposed the Roman legions, but by 84 the Romans had decisively conquered southern Britain and had pushed into what is now southern Scotland. In 122 they fortified the northern border with Hadrian's Wall, which spanned what is now Northern England. In 142 Roman forces pushed north again and began construction of the Antonine Wall, but they retreated back to Hadrian's Wall after only twenty years. Following the conquest, native Britons were subject to the Roman governors but mostly kept their land, and a distinctive Romano-British culture emerged. The Roman Empire retained control until its departure about A.D. 430.Romanization of Britain


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The quantity of PAX coinage issued by Carausius probably exceeded the entire output of all his other types combined. The type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.
RA73504. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 171; RIC V, part 2, 143 (R); Cohen VII 239; SRCV IV 13665; Hunter IV 50, VF, excellent centering, green patina, traces of silvering, scratches, marks, light corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 3.599 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, olive branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, S - P flanking across field, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The quantity of PAX coinage issued by Carausius probably exceeded the entire output of all his other types combined. The type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.
RA73500. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 167; RIC V, part 2, 141 (R); SRCV IV 13665; Cohen VII 241; Hunter IV 50 var. (scepter transverse), VF, attractive green patina with earthen highlighting, light marks, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 45o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, S - P flanking across field, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $220.00 SALE PRICE $198.00


Romano-British Empire, Allectus, Summer 293 - 296 A.D.

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RA73915. Billon quinarius, Hunter IV 63, Burnett Allectus 212, Rogiet Hoard 1035, RIC V 125, Cohen VII 20, SRCV IV 13865, Choice aVF, well centered, green patina, light scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.758 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 293 - 296/7 A.D.; obverse IMP C ALLECTVS P AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), galley right, no cabin, no waves, QC in exergue; $185.00 SALE PRICE $167.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate Colchester

RA73506. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 397; RIC V, part 2, 339 (S); Cohen VII 238; Hunter IV 143 var. (obv. leg); SRCV IV 13666 var. (same, also scepter vertical), aVF, green patina with some flaking, edge crack, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.563 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, S - P flanking across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very scarce; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA73283. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 167; RIC V, part 2, 141 (R); SRCV IV 13665; Cohen VII 241; Hunter IV 50 var. (scepter transverse), gVF/VF, green patina, traces of silvering, nice portrait, some legend unstruck, black deposits, light scratches and marks, weight 5.021 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, S - P flanking across field, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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In 323, Constantine the Great defeated invading Goths and Sarmatians north of the Danube in Dacia, and claimed the title Sarmaticus Maximus.
RL84249. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII London 229 (S), SRCV IV 16727A, Cohen VII 12, gVF, some silvering, reverse slightly off center, pitting, weight 3.384 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 321 - 322 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBIL C, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLON in exergue; scarce; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50


Coin Hoards From Roman Britain Volume XI

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The eleventh volume, is dedicated to finds of Roman hoards from the early imperial period (with terminal dates up to AD 235) discovered between 1997 and 2001. The highlight of the volume is the Shapwick Villa (Somerset) hoard of over 9,000 denarii, the largest hoard of its kind from Britain to be fully published. It is complemented by an important essay on hoards of the Severan period from Britain by Richard Abdy and Roger Bland.
BK10551. Coin Hoards From Roman Britain Volume XI edited by Richard Abdy, Ian Leins, and Jonathan Williams, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication No. 36, 2002, 223 pages, 10 plates, new, shelf-worn; $35.00 SALE PRICE $31.50







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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1987-1990).
Coins of England & the United Kingdom, 43rd Edition, Standard Catalogue of British Coins. (Spink & Son Ltd, London, 2008).
Cottam, E., et al. Ancient British Coins. (Chris Rudd, Norfolk, UK, 2010).
de la Tour, Henri. Atlas de monnaies Gauloises. (Paris, 1892).
Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1, Europe. (London, 1978).
Van Arsdell, R. Celtic Coinage of Britain. (London, 1989).

Catalog current as of Sunday, February 26, 2017.
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Britain