Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , Rome 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH71045. Brass AE 21, 2156, I p. 24, 69; 281, VF/F, 6.826 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); bare male right, Q ( ) below; two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in ; ; $360.00 (€320.40)
Roman Republic, Servius Sulpicius, 51 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
The probably refers to the naval of P. Sulpicius . The in during the First Macedonian War, in 210 B.C. he led the first Roman fleet into the Aegean Sea and captured , which was plundered and given to the Aetolians, allies of the Romans.RR83521. silver plated , 8, 931, 1553, 438/1 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, very ), VF, corrosion resulting in many small platting breaks, scratch in right , 3.807 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, c. 51 - 60 B.C.; laureate of , SER downward behind, upward before; Naval made of captured rudders, , oars, prows, and aplustres, between draped figure on left, nude Macedonian captive on right; very ; $280.00 (€249.20)
(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH66800. Brass AE 20, 2156, I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, 7.222 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, uncertain (?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); bare male right, Q below; two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in ; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $245.00 (€218.05)
Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.
The as is the only bronze struck by these .RR76801. Bronze as, I Rome 2632, 350A/3c, 722b, 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, 13.454 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; laureate of , I (mark of value above); OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $225.00 (€200.25)
Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.
Interesting issue combining a (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) with a military . It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the has a variant on which they are crossing their swords.RR79927. Silver , 380, 423/1, 890, 15, gVF, attractive , attractive dark tone, 1/4 off-center, 3.517 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 57 B.C. ( 52 B.C.); (AL and MV in ) downward on right, of right, wreathed with flowers, behind; two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a and a short sword upward, hilts touching, on right decorated with a , C•F upward lower right, C•SEREIL• in ; ex Dr. Busso Nachfolger e-auction 1, lot 116; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.
The depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a , requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a in 100 or 99 B.C., and of Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to Gaius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to , but failed.
The honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri , the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in of and the other gods. His uncle was an , and , , , (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of , and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the .RS72975. Silver , 437/2a, 894, 7, II 3837, 404, aF, , on a , 3.623 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, of Coelius Caldus right, inscribed HIS ( ) behind, in the form of a (emblem of of , ) before; C CALDVS downward on left, ( , , ) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD , triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL , Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ; $145.00 (€129.05)
Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus, 88 B.C.
This probably commemorated the victories of M. M.f. M.n. Marcellus over Hannibal in the second Punic War and the capture of in 212 B.C.RR79923. Silver , 255, 703, 345/2, 51, aVF, die wear, 2.024 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right crowning with , CN LENT (NT ) in ; $130.00 (€115.70)
Roman Republic, C. C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the . The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.RR59575. Copper as, 342/7d; 690b; 744, F, 7.587 g, maximum 26.3 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; laureate of , I above; , three galley prows right, C AV (AV ) in , I right; $110.00 (€97.90)
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