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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 99-50 B.C.View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.

Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

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This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
RP85676. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O35), AMNG III 223, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, SGCV I 1439, VF, attractive toning, well centered, light marks, weight 16.433 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath, no pellets; ex Nomos Obolos 6 (20 Nov 2016), lot 339 (Nomos noted, from a European collection, formed before 2000); $380.00 (323.00)


Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

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The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 21, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in exergue; rare; $280.00 (238.00)


Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus, 83 B.C.

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Q. Antonius Balbus was a member of the Marian party and issued this coinage by special decree of the Senate to prepare for opposition to Sulla's return to Rome. In 82 B.C. he was appointed praetor in Sardinia. He was driven from Sardinia by L. Philippus, the legate of Sulla, and slain. Sulla prevailed and the Victory on the reverse of this type was proven a false hope. -- The Coinage of the Roman Republic by Edward A. Sydenham
RR86194. Silver denarius serratus, BMCRR I 2732 (same control), Crawford 364/1b, Sydenham 742, RSC I Antonia 1a, SRCV I 279, EF, broad flan, slightly off center, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 83 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C behind, M (control letter) below; reverse Victory in a quadriga right, wreath in right and reins and palm frond in left, Q ANTO BALB / PR (ANT and AL in monogram) in exergue; $280.00 (238.00)


Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.

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The as is the only bronze denomination struck by these moneyers.
RR76801. Bronze as, BMCRR I Rome 2632, Crawford 350A/3c, Sydenham 722b, SRCV I 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, weight 13.454 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I (mark of value above); reverse OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ligate), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $200.00 (170.00)


Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.

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Interesting issue combining a Flora (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) obverse with a military reverse. It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the type has a rare variant on which they are crossing their swords.
RR79927. Silver denarius, SRCV I 380, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC I Servilia 15, gVF, attractive style, attractive dark tone, reverse 1/4 off-center, weight 3.517 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 57 B.C. (Berk 52 B.C.); obverse FLORAL PRIMVS (AL and MV in monograms) downward on right, head of Flora right, wreathed with flowers, lituus behind; reverse two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a shield and a short sword upward, hilts touching, shield on right decorated with a star, CF upward lower right, CSEREIL in exergue; ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger e-auction 1, lot 116; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus, 88 B.C.

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This type probably commemorated the victories of M. Claudius M.f. M.n. Marcellus over Hannibal in the second Punic War and the capture of Syracuse in 212 B.C.
RR84914. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 255, Sydenham 703, Crawford 345/2, RSC I Cornelia 51, VF, toned, weight 1.574 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverse Victory standing right crowning trophy of captured arms with wreath, CN LENT (NT ligate) in exergue; $130.00 (110.50)


Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.

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The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
RS72975. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, Choice aF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $125.00 (106.25)


Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.

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Interesting issue combining a Flora (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) obverse with a military reverse. It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the type has a rare variant on which they are crossing their swords.
RR85234. Silver denarius, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC I Servilia 15, SRCV I 380, VF, porous, weight 3.332 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 57 B.C.; obverse FLORAL PRIMVS (AL and MV ligate), head of Flora right, wreathed with flowers, lituus behind; reverse two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a shield and a short sword upright, hilts touching, shield on right decorated with a star, CF right, CSEREIL in exergue; scarce; $120.00 (102.00)


Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.

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In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the Social War. The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a fair share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.
RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverse ROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $100.00 (85.00)


Roman Republic, Q. Titus, 90 B.C.

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The quinarius is a much scarcer denomination than the denarius for all Roman periods.
RR84890. Silver quinarius, Russo RBW 1276, Crawford 341/3, Sydenham 693, RSC I Titia 3, SRCV I 240, F, toned, tight flan, marks and scratches, porous, weight 2.099 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Victory right; reverse Pegasus right, with curved wings, Q TITI below; scarce; $95.00 (80.75)




  



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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.