Lead Seal, Sergios Mesopotamites, Late 11th - Early 12th Century
The first of the reads "Graphas sphragizo kai logous" - "I seal the writings and words of..." The last lines read the well-known family name "Mesopotamites," with eta for iota. The personal name is most likely Sergios, with one C shared by both logous and Sergios.
The Mesopotamitai were a prominent family in the late 12th and early 13th century. They originated either from Mesopotamos (in modern Albania) or some place called . Sergios was likely related to Constantine Mesopotamite, the de facto chief minister under emperors Isaac II Angelos and Alexius III Angelos (1193 - summer 1197) and the archbishop of (c. 1197 - 1227, but in exile 1204 - 1224, when the city was occupied by Latin ).AS63897. Lead
(tag seal), unpublished in references examined by ; -, -, -, -, gVF, high relief, attractive , 4.861 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, facing of the Virgin , MP - OV across fields; ΓPA(phas) / CΦPAΓI(zo) / S ΛOΓOU(c) CE[P]/ΓIOTOU M[E]/COΠOTA/MHTOU (S abbreviates KAI and the OU's are ); SOLD
Lead Seal, John Melek, 12th - 13th Century A.D.
A number of dignitaries in 13th and 14th centuries shared the Melek but they probably were not all from the same family. The name is foreign and perhaps derived from the Seljuk name malik, meaning prince. Presumably John Melek was a Seljuk prince who converted, was baptized adopting the name John, and served the Empire.
The office and title of the owner is not included in the , which during the period, was a common practice of the representatives of noble ruling families.
The owner of the seal might be a certain John Melek associated with the stay of the army headed by Emperor Manuel I Komnenos in Beroe in 1155/1156.
A 13th century possiblity, is that the owner was one of the sons of the Izedin, who after their father escaped captivity, were baptized and served in army of the Empire with the Melek.
(tag seal), 456 (Historical Museum, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria, no. 10 C3-11, found in the town); -, , near imprint, 17.593 g, maximum 26.9 mm, MP − ΘY, half-length figure of Virgin standing facing, , raised, of the infant Christ on breast; : IWANHN / CKEΠOIC ME / MEΛHK / KOPH; large, high-relief seal; SOLD
, Kemales Tzotzikes, , Hypatos and of Artach, c. 1000 - 1150
The name Kermales was common among the Turks. The family name Tzotzikios, however, clearly indicates this general was Georgian. His name is also found among the founders of monastery of Iviron. Georgians played a significant role in the service of the empire and Artach (modern Irtah, 40 KM east of Antioch) was an important fortress on the eastern frontier captured by the Byzantines in 966, facing the emirate of Aleppo.BZ49868. Lead
(tag seal), cf. III 262 (larger, 22.88g), broken in two, 10.092 g, maximum 24.8 mm, [O AΓIOΣ ΘEO∆ΩPOΣ], St Theodoros standing facing in military dress, spear in right, left rests on grounded ; +KEM/AΛHC ACΠ/ΘAP VΠATO/Σ CTPATIΓ / TOu APTAX/O TZOTZI/KIC (in 7 lines); SOLD
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