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Security (Securitas)

Securitas was depicted on Roman coins more frequently in perilous times. Securitas coin types may have been appeals to the gods, or expressions of hope or intent, or perhaps it simply propaganda.


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and famed for her piety. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the "Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles." Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18. Her feast day in the Coptic Orthodox Church is on 9 Pashons. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces (though not her discovery of the True Cross). She is the patron saint of new discoveries.
SH92346. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Alexandria 48 (R4), LRBC I 1417, SRCV IV 16631, Cohen VII 12, Hunter V -, Choice EF, perfect centering on a round flan, excellent portrait, sharp reverse, some golden toned silvering, flow lines, small closed flan crack, weight 3.369 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, 327 - 328 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing double necklace; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (security of the Republic), Securitas standing half left, branch pointed downward in right hand, raising pallium with left hand, wreath left, B right, SMAL in exergue; rare; $350.00 (308.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series III of Ticinum - * | I VIXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series III - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "I" in the reverse field is the sixth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "VI" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the sixth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA87600. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 170; RIC V-2 525; Cohen VI 612, Pink p. 67, em. 10; SRCV III 12033, Choice aMS, nearly as struck, lustrous full silvering, excellent centering, bold strike, areas of light toning, weight 3.639 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 282 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing left raising right hand to head, resting left elbow on column, star left, I right, VIXXI in exergue; $230.00 (202.40)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Tranquillitas was the goddess of tranquility, security, calmness, and peace. The capricorn had a goat-like forequarter and a hindquarter terminating in a fish tail. The capricorn alludes to the maritime transportation of Egypts grain harvest across the Mediterranean to Rome, which was critical to maintaining tranquility within the empire.
RB87545. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 156 (S), Cohen V 224, Banti 58, Hunter III 103, SRCV III 9019, VF, centered on a crowded squared flan, light bumps and marks, porosity, edge cracks, weight 15.120 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse TRANQVILLITAS AVGG (to tranquility of [caused by] the two emperors), Tranquillitas standing facing, head left, capricorn in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $105.00 (92.40)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Securitas sits perfectly at her ease, clearly relaxed, having nothing to fear. Probus did much to increase security. He marched against the enemies of Rome in Gaul and Germany and left 400,000 barbarians dead in the field. The remaining barbarian tribes of the north were terrified to peace. Probus then attacked the Blemmyes near Egypt defeating them with tremendous slaughter. Knowing he was next, the king of Persia sued for peace and attempted to buy Probus' favor with splendid presents. Probus was feasting upon the most common food when the ambassadors were introduced. Without even casting his eyes upon them, he said that if their master did not give proper satisfaction to Rome, he would lay Persia as desolate and as naked as the crown of his head. As he spoke the Emperor took off his cap and showed the baldness of his head to the ambassadors. His conditions were gladly accepted by the Persian monarch.
RA87253. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 179 (also 6th officina), RIC V-2 573, Pink VI/1 p. 65, Cohen VI 611, cf. SRCV III 12033 (bust and VIXXI), Choice VF, full circle centering, some silvering remains, small areas of light corrosion, weight 4.983 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 6th emission, 279 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, legs crossed, right hand on head, resting left arm on short column, ϖXXI in exergue; $90.00 (79.20)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Security was only wishful thinking when this coin was struck. There were so many invasions in the next few years that they confused the ancient sources and much of the history is lost. In 267, the Goths sacked several cities in southern Greece including Athens, Corinth, Argos and Sparta. Gallienus defeated them, but the Alamanni would come the year after.
RA89641. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR, 595a, RSC IV 961a, RIC V-1 S280, SRCV III 10359, Choice VF, well centered, white metal, toned, reverse center strike a little soft, weight 3.478 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Rome mint, 264 - 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse SECVRIT PERPET (everlasting security), Securitas standing slightly left, legs crossed, head left, long scepter in right, leaning with left arm on column, H right; ex Beast Coins, ex Dan Hoffman Gallienus Collection ; $75.00 (66.00)


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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In 327, Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome was finished, and construction began on the cathedral of Antioch in Syria.
RL91856. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 159, LRBC I 823, SRCV IV 16612, Cohen VII 11, Hunter V -, Choice aVF, well centered, full legends, dark patina, minor encrustations, weight 2.885 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 326 - 328 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right, wearing double-necklace; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (security of the Republic), Securitas standing half left, branch pointed down in right hand, SMTSA in exergue; $70.00 (61.60)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Upon his father's capture by Parthia, Gallienus assumed the throne and began numerous reforms and military campaigns against usurpers and barbarians. He presided over a late flowering of Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists, and philosophers. He was assassinated while besieging Milan.
RA91228. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 503f, RIC V-1 S277, RSC IV 951, Hunter IV S28, SRCV III 10356, F, heavily scratched, weight 4.610 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, c. 261 - 263 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse SECVRIT AVG (security of the Emperor), Securitas standing facing leaning on column, head right, legs crossed, right hand on head, VI in left field; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; $.99 (.87)







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