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In 231, Severus Alexander led a formidable army into the east. In a great battle Alexander defeated Artaxerxes and drove him back from the frontiers of Rome. He returned to Rome, where he received a triumph for his victory over the Persians.RS73592. Silver denarius, RSC III 561, RIC IV 302, BMCRE VI 1020, Hunter III 190 var. (no cuirass), cf. SRCV II 7930 (obv legend, star right on rev, etc.), VF, well centered, interesting eastern style, weight 2.643 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverseVICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory advancing right, wreath raised in right hand, palm frond in left over shoulder; $75.00 (Ä63.75)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
This coin shares the same types and legends with denarii struck at the Rome mint, but the fabric and style are those of an uncertain eastern mint. This Eastern mint type is not in the standard references, and certainly a lot scarcer than the similar Rome mint denarii, but examples do turn up with some regularity.RS73910. Silver denarius, Unpublished in major references; cf. RIC IV 14c; RSC III 218; BMCRE VI p. 118, 34; Hunter III 7; SRCV II 7489 (Rome mint), F, well centered, dark black toning, earthen fill, weight 2.673 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain eastern mint, c. 222 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverseP M TR PCOS P P, Salus seated left, feeding snake coiled around altar from patera held in right hand, left elbow resting on throne; scarce; $50.00 (Ä42.50)
Pescennius Niger, April to 1 June 193 - March, April or May 194 A.D.
Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea Roma was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful alliance against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the Koinon of Asia and Bithynia requested permission to honorAugustus as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for divus Augustus jointly with dea Roma. In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea Roma was combined with Venus at the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea Roma with a Palladium in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.SH35846. Silver denarius, Unpublished; cf. RIC IV 72 aureus from Num. Chron., 1908, pp. 90 ff. (R5); RSC -, VF, weight 4.724 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse [IMP CA]ES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right; reverse ROMAE AETER (eternal Rome)NA-E, Roma seated left, cornucopia in right, left rests on a rudder on globe; unique?; SOLD