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Constantine Era Bronze Coin in Plastic Holder, 307 - 364 A.D.
The coin in the photo is randomly selected example, not the actual coin you will receive.SL35619. Bronze coin, Constantine and his family, in plastic holder, Fine or better, no grades on holders, one coin; $2.90 (€2.55)
Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the contemporary report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best sling ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end was carved to a matching point after the lead cooled. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a sling cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes symbols or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others symbols indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. Writing might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly biconical, without symbols or inscriptions, c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $20.00 (€17.60)
Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
This type was struck during Salonina's lifetime, so the unusual reverse legend was not struck in memorial. There has been some fanciful speculation that "IN PACE," meaning "in peace," was a Christian phrase indicating the empress had converted to Christianity.RB65809. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1377e, RIC V-1 S58, RSC IV 17, SRCV III 10626 var. (mint mark), Hunter IV S27 var. (obv. legend), aVF, slightly ragged flan, weight 3.539 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 266 - 268 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse AVG IN PACE, Salonina seated left, olive-branch downward in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, MS in exergue; $48.00 (€42.24)
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such.RA73478. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 345, Webb Carausius 407, Hunter IV 137, Cohen VII 255, SRCV IV 13679 var. (obv. legend), F, crackled green patina, small edge splits, weight 2.563 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, tetrarchic portrait; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing half left head left, vertical staff in right hand, grounded between foot and globe, cornucopia in left hand, S - P flanking across field below center, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $48.00 (€42.24)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Rabbathmoba-Areopolis, Provincia Arabia
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.RP84127. Bronze AE 27, Sofaer 5; Spijkerman p. 264, 8; cf. Rosenberger IV 1-3 (bust and legend variations, etc.); SNG ANS 1414 (same), VF, no patina, weight 6.492 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, obverse AVT KAIC Λ CEΠ - CEOVHPOC ΠEB, laureate bust right; reverse RABBAΘM-WBHNWN APHC, cult statue of Ares standing facing in military dress, sword erect in right hand, spear and round shield in left hand, on platform with four legs set on base; rare; $48.00 (€42.24)
Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
The animal appears to have the beard of a goat but on some examples branched antlers are clear. It is an odd deer.RA84359. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 725cc, Hunter IV S21, RSC IV 70, RIC V-1 S16, SRCV III 10643, VF, well centered on a tight flan, porosity, weight 4.111 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse COR SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back and top of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse IVNONI CONS AVG (to Juno protector of the Empress), hind walking left, ∆ in exergue; $48.00 (€42.24)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Heliopolis, Coele Syria
Heliopolis in Coele-Syria was made a colonia with the rights of the ius Italicum by Septimius Severus in 193. Work on the religious complex at Heliopolis lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of Jupiter, the largest religious building in the entire Roman Empire, was dedicated during the reign of Septimius Severus. Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his basilica of Hagia Sophia.RY84823. Bronze AE 19, Sawaya 217 ff. (D43/R?), Lindgren III 1279, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Galatia -, F, highlighting chalky deposits, centered on a tight flan, light corrosion, weight 5.631 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, c. 198 A.D.; obverse ANT - AVC (starting upper right), bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; rare; $48.00 (€42.24)
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.
Oriens is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."RS87829. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 868h, RIC V-1 12, RSC IV 143a, Hunter IV 53, SRCV III 9952, VF, well centered, attractive toning, soft strike, die wear, light bumps and marks, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 - 259 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse ORIENS AVGG (the rising sun of the two emperors), Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, left arm and flying behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left hand; $48.00 (€42.24)
Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D., Barbaric Imitative
Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.RL20960. Bronze barbarous radiate, cf. official prototype: RIC V-2 90, SRCV III 11240, VF, porosity, weight 2.446 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, 272 - 290 A.D.; obverse IIVI S C TIITRICVS I (or similar, blundered), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ..HI..., Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, grounded anchor in left hand; $48.00 (€42.24)
Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
Aurelian's concord with the military apparently came undone; after severely punishing corrupt soldiers and making a list of high-ranking officers marked for execution, he fell victim to a conspiracy of his chief officers and was assassinated at Caenophrurium in Thrace.RA88411. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2207, RIC V-1 244, Venèra 7511 - 7517, Gloucester 391, Maravielle 481, Komin 1062, BnF XII -, Hunter IV -, VF, well centered on broad oval flan, small edge cracks, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issue 6, autumn 272 - early 274; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Aurelian on left standing right clasping hands with Concordia in right standing left, T* in exergue; $48.00 (€42.24)