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Islamic, Umayyad, Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, Bilad al-Sham (Greater Syria), c. 658 - 693 A.D.
The first Islamic coins were imitations of Byzantine and Sasanian types. This bust on the obverse is the Christian Byzantine emperor and the m on the reverse is the Byzantine mark of value for 40 nummi.IS92031. Bronze fals, cf. DOCAB 69; Walker BMC 67; Mitchiner WOI 9; Goodwin 14; Album p. 36, 3524, gF, well centered on a broad flan, brown tone with buff earthen highlighting, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 4.346 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, c. 658 - 693 A.D.; obverse bust of emperor, beardless, facing, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right, Greek inscription KAΛON (good) on left, Arabic script bi-hims (good in Hims) on right, star following; reverse large m (40 nummi), star above flanked on each side by a plain annulet, Greek inscription flanking m: E/M/I-C/H/C (mint name Emises) flanking, Arabic script tayyib (good) in exergue; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00 ON RESERVE
Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, 1100 - 1118
Baldwin II was count of Edessa, 1100 - 1118, and king of Jerusalem, 1118 - 1131. He fought in the first crusade, including the capture of Bethlehem and Jerusalem. He was an incessant warrior under whom Latin domination in the East reached its greatest expanse, the crusaders controlled and took tolls on the most important trade routes, and the power of Crusaders reached its utmost height. ME65324. Bronze follis, Slocum Collection, lot 170 (part of); cf. Malloy Crusaders 1b (Baldwin I, heavy series, letters in angles); Metcalf Crusades -, VF, nice desert patina, overstruck on polygonal clipped follis, weight 4.489 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, County of Edessa mint, c. 1110 - 1118; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), nimbate bust of Christ facing, holding book of Gospels; reverse thin cross, wedge in each angle, BΛ∆N around with one letter at the end of each arm of the cross (a cruciform monogram); "The John Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades" Sotheby's Catalogue 1997 - part of lot 170; unique(?); SOLD
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.CR67639. Bronze follis, Metcalf 63 - 70, Malloy Crusaders 4a, VF, weight 2.652 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right; reverse Cross pommee, fleuronnťe at base; IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) in angles; ex Pecunem & Gitbud & Naumann; SOLD