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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ EnglandView Options:  |  |  | 

English Hammered and Early Milled Coins

Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

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In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
SH87710. Silver petit blanc, Elias 297a (R), Duplessy 446, Ciani 603, Lafaurie 450, SCBC-SII 8167, leopard mintmark, F, toned, bumps, scratches, crowded flan, weight 1.159 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 210o, Rouen mint, 1423 - 1449; obverse (leopard) HEN-RICVS: - REX (King Henry, triple pellet stop), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side; reverse (leopard) SIT: nOmE: DnI: BEHEDICV' (Blessed be the name of the Lord, triple pellet stops), Latin cross, h left, R right; ex Gordon Andreas Singer, ex E.R. Duncan Elias Collection; rare; $600.00 (€510.00)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

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In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
UK87707. Silver grand blanc aux écus, Elias 287, SCBC-SII 8166, Ciani 602, Duplessy 445, Lafaurie 449, Poey d'Avant 3191; leopard mint mark, nice VF, centered on a crowded flan, toned, weight 3.128 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 135o, Rouen mint, 23 Nov 1422 - 1449; obverse (leopard left) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England, triple pellet stops), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS above; reverse (leopard left) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICV (Blessed be the name of the Lord, triple pellet stops), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; $375.00 (€318.75)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Aquitaine, 1355 - 1375

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Edward the Black Prince was the eldest son of King Edward III and the father of King Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362–72). He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular in England during his lifetime. In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter. Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
UK87709. Silver Hardi d'Argent, Elias 206a, Poey d'Avant 3054 var. (AGLE), Duplessy Féodales 1126, SCBC-SII 8134, Boudeau 513 , VF, toned, clear legends, strike a little weak/flat, weight 1.204 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 195o, La Rochelle mint, 1362 - 1372; obverse ED PO. GnS - REG. AGLIE (Edwardvus, Primo Genitvs Regis Anglie - Edward, first born of the King of England, pellet stops), half-length figure of Edward facing beneath Gothic canopy, sword in right hand, raising left in benediction; reverse *PRN-CPS* R - AQIT-AnIE (Princeps Aqvitanie - Prince of Aquitaine, R = La Rochelle mintmark, rosette stops), long cross pattée, lis in first and fourth quarters, leopard in second and third quarters; $350.00 (€297.50)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Aquitaine, 1362 - 1372

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Edward of Woodstock (15 June 1330 - 8 June 1376), called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of King Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362-72). He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular in England during his lifetime. Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
ME87706. Silver esterlin (sterling), Elias 192a (S), SCBC-SII 8133, Duplessy Féodales 1125A, Boudeau 511, Poey d'Avant –, F, centered, crowded flan (typical for type), uneven toning, clashed dies, light marks and scratches, weight 0.898 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 135o, Limoges mint, 2nd issue; obverse + : ED:PO:GIT·REG:An:L (Edwardus Primo Genetis Regis Anglie, Limoges, double annulet before legend, double rosette stops), half-length figure of Edward right, wearing floral wreath. sword in right hand over right shoulder, raising left hand in benediction; reverse : PRI-CPS - AQV-TAE (Prince of Aquitaine, double annulet before legend), long cross pattée, trefoil of three pellets in each quarter; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $180.00 (€153.00)
 







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REFERENCES

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Beresford-Jones, R. A Manual of Anglo-Gallic Gold Coins. (London, 1964).
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Dumas, F. "Les Monnaies normandes (Xe-XIIe siècles) avec un répertoire des trouvailles" in RN 1979, pp. 84-140, pl. XV - XXI.
Elias, E.R.D. The Anglo-Gallic Coins. (Paris/London, 1984).
Everson, T. The Galata Guide to the Farthing Tokens of James I and Charles I: A History and Reclassification. (Llanfyllin, 2008).
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Holt, D., J. Hulett & B. Lyall. "The Tower Mint Shillings of Charles I (1625-49)" in BNJ 84 (2014).
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Legros, D. Monnaies Féodales Françaises. (1984).
Marsh, M. The Gold Half Sovereign. (Cambridge, 2004).
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Mass, J. Mass Collection, English Short Cross Coins, 1180-1247. SCBI 56. (Oxford, 2001).
Montagu, H. The copper, tin and bronze coinage and patterns for coins of England, from the reign of Elizabeth to that of Her present Majesty. (London, 1893).
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North, J. English Hammered Coinage Vol. 1: Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry 111 c. A.D. 600-1272. (London, 1994).
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North, J. & P. Preston-Morley. Brooker Collection, Coins of Charles I. SCBI 33. (London, 1984).
Peck, C. English Copper, Tin and Bronze Coins in the British Museum, 1558-1958. (London, 1964).
Spink. Coins of England & the United Kingdom, Standard Catalogue of British Coins. (London, 2012).
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Spink. The Important Collection of Anglo-Gallic and the related French and English Coins formed by the late Edward Elias, auction, 21 Jun 1990, London.
Sharp, M. "The Tower shillings of Charles I and their influence on the Aberystwyth issue" in BNJ XLVII (1977).
Wilson, A. & M. Rasmussen. English Pattern Trial and Proof Coins in Gold 1547-1968. (Cambridge, 2000).
Withers, P. & B. WithersSmall Change I - V Farthings and Halfpennies. (Llanfyllin, 2003 - 2005).
Withers, P., B. Withers, & S. Ford. Anglo-Gallic Coins - Monnaies Anglo-Francaises. (Llanfyllin, 2015).
Woodhead, P. & D. Liddell. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Vol. I, English Gold Coins and their Imitations, Henry III to Elizabeth I, 1257-1603. (London, 1996).
Woodhead, P. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Vol. II, English Gold Coins, 1603-20th Century. (London, 2002).
Woodhead, P. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Vol. III, Anglo-Gallic, Flemish and Brabantine Gold Coins, 1330 - 1794. (London, 2011).

Catalog current as of Sunday, December 9, 2018.
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English Coins