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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ HappinessView Options:  |  |  |   

Happiness (Felicitas)

Happiness, cheerfulness and joy (or gaiety) are personified on Roman coins by Felicitas, Hilaritas and Laetitia. Coins with these subjects celebrated the brighter side of life, or in harder times explained that the Empire was moving toward a happier future.


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS75697. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 75A (R); RSC IV 130, SRCV III 8945, Hunter III -, EF, superb strike with sharp dies, nice metal, weight 4.966 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for four years, consul, father of the country), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $315.00 (€267.75)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The obverse and reverse legends and types are known from the London mint with MLXXI in the exergue and B - E across the reverse field (RIC V 31, Web Carausius 34). This variety, without marks and perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by Forum. We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to Forum.
RA73246. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished, RIC V -, Webb Carausius -, Casey -, Hunter -, SRCV IV -, King Unmarked -, Burton Latimer -, et al., aVF, green patina, broad flan, crude, light marks, weight 3.624 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVG (the good fortune of the Emperor), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; possibly unique!; $200.00 (€170.00)
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB76159. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 169a, Hunter III 61, Cohen V 44, SRCV III 8992, Choice gVF, superb portrait, well centered, weight 22.680 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMP (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; ex Savoca Numismatik, auction 1 (9 Apr 2015), lot 351; $200.00 (€170.00)
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB84935. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 169a, Hunter III 61, Cohen V 44, SRCV III 8992, VF, well centered, nice green patina, scratches, slightly rough, weight 18.348 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMP (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB83480. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 150a, Cohen V 138, Hunter III - (p. lxxxvii), SRCV III 9005, gVF, superb portrait, centered on a tight squared flan, green encrustations, weight 17.859 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 4 years, consul 2 times, father of the country), Felicitas standing half left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $150.00 (€127.50)
 


Florianus, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

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Laetitia was a minor Roman goddess of gaiety, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy.
RA83679. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4220, RIC V 34, BnF XII 1895, Venèra 2475 - 2487, Gloucester 799, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1581, Maravielle 828, Navis-Mühlen 168, VF, centered, nice portrait, traces of silvering, scratches, weight 3.83 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, issue 1, Jul - Aug 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LAETITIA FVND, Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, anchor in left hand, XXIB in exergue; $140.00 (€119.00)
 


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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"This refers to the importance of naval power in the Gallic Empire and perhaps even to an imperial visit to Britain in the early years of Postumus' reign" -- Roman Coins and Their Values III by David Sear.
RS64687. Silver antoninianus, RIC V 73, RSC IV 167a, Mairat 18, Schulzki AGK 41, Elmer 186, SRCV III 10958, VF, weight 3.026 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), war galley left over waves, four rowers and steersman; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280, Proculus, a Roman usurper, started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and proclaimed himself emperor. Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RA47769. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 104, Bastien IX 269, aMS, weight 3.473 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse TEMPOR FELICI (time of good fortune), Felicitas standing right holding long caduceus in right and cornucopia inwardly in left, I in exergue; full, solid silvering; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess of good luck and success. She was a prominent symbol of wealth and prosperity and, during the Empire, she played an important role in Rome's state religion. Since it was considered the duty of the emperor to promote public happiness, almost every emperor struck coins dedicated to Felicitas.
RA84377. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3443, RIC V 140, Hunter IV 48, Venèra 1880 - 1923, BnF XII 1700, Thibouville 2298, Gloucester 736, Maravielle 796, VF, well centered on a broad flan, some porosity, weight 3.880 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 2, early - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse FELICIT TEMP (happy times), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, caduceus in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, V in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB46802. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3325, RIC V 65, Bastien IX 93, BnF XII 1487, Venèra 1223 - 1233, Normanby 1292, gVF, near full silvering, weight 3.749 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, issue 7, May - Jun 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, long grounded caduceus vertical in right hand, scepter in left hand, A left, * right; $50.00 (€42.50)
 




  



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Happiness