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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Types ▸ Travel & TransporationView Options:  |  |  |   

Travel & Geography on Ancient Coins

Here we depict coins that relate to travel but also to places in the ancient world. We will also include coins from the less common cities and mints when we want to share information about the location.


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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The reverse legend is an error and should read ADVENTVS AVG, announcing the arrival of the emperor.
RA85651. Silver antoninianus, cf. RSC IV 2, RIC IV 79, SRCV III 9622 (all with normal ADVENTVS AVG reverse legend), Choice VF, weight 4.568 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 30o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, nothing below; reverse ADVNTVS AVG (sic!), Emperor on horseback left, raising right in salute, transverse scepter in left hand, nothing in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RA86183. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (A in ex); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), Choice aEF, well centered, some silvering, porosity, light marks and corrosion, weight 3.752 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, nothing in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from Egypt could be executed if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel would be banished.
RB65293. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen II -, F, nice portrait, uneven strike, reverse slightly off center, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $125.00 (106.25)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Profectiones Imperatorum, the departure of an emperor on a journey or expedition, were undertaken with great pomp. This type was struck for Caracalla's departure on his Gallic expedition of 213 A.D.
RS79974. Silver denarius, RIC IV 226; RSC III 509; BMCRE V p. 373, 95; Hunter III 19; SRCV II -, Choice gVF, well centered, a little frosty, edge cracks, weight 3.247 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 212 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROFECTIO AVG (travels of the Emperor), Caracalla standing half right, wearing military garb, transverse spear upward to right in both hands; attendant standing right behind the emperor, holding standard topped with a hand; scarce; $105.00 (89.25)


Mesembria, Thrace, 300 - 250 B.C.

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The wheel on the reverse is depicted with a degree of perspective, which is unusual on ancient coins.
GB68697. Bronze AE 20, SNG Stancomb 229, SNG Cop 658, SNG BM 276 var. (helmet left), VF, green patina, weight 4.348 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 90o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, 300 - 250 B.C.; obverse Thracian helmet with cheek guard right; reverse MEΣAMBPIANΩN, wheel with hub; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann, auction 7, lot 49; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is on an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor Augustus.
RA84443. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1350f, RSC IV 281, Hunter IV S178, RIC V S483, SRCV III 10218, VF, weight 2.604 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 135o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 266 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse FORT REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, MS in exergue; $90.00 (76.50)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

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Hadrian's galley reverse types refer to his return to Rome by sea from his travels to the provinces.
RB85872. Copper as, RIC II 673d (S), Hunter II 422, BMCRE III 1342, SRCV II 3682, Cohen II 446 var. (no drapery), VF/F, centered on a tight flan, corrosion, scrapes on reverse, weight 8.824 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse COS III, galley right with rowers; ram, acrostolium, and vexillum (or furled sail) at prow; rudder and arched cabin at stern; S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (68.00)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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Adventus Augustus inscriptions commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance.
RS71384. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9366, VF, weight 5.333 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, scepter in left hand; $75.00 (63.75)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Syria and Egypt. At last arriving on Mount Palatine, she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever. It appears, however, she kept her wheel. She just hid it under her seat.
RB68877. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 513, Cohen III 153, BMCRE 618, SRCV II 5746, gF, nice green patina, weight 22.316 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 188 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power 13 years, imperator the 8th time, consul the 5th time, father of the country), Fortuna seated left, rudder on globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, wheel under seat, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, FOR RED in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $50.00 (42.50)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RB66646. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 645; BMCRE VI p. 196, 815; Cohen IV 509; SRCV II 8013, F, flaw on obverse, weight 19.429 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding grain downward in right hand over modius at feet on left, anchor in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $45.00 (38.25)




  



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Travel & Geography