, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76945. Bronze , II p. 287, 150 Ds 14 Rs 63; p. 196, 391; 740; 767; 1465 var. (R1, 4th Democracy, different controls), aEF, dark sea-green , light marks, small spots of light corrosion, with ragged edge splits, 8.501 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 315o, mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of young Herakles left, wearing , (control symbol) behind neck; walking right, right foreleg raised, club right above, arrow right (control symbol) in ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., , Cyrrhestica,
Modern Membij, was renamed , (Holy City) by Seleucus Nicator and his wife Stratonice when they built a temple for the goddess of fertility and water, Atargatis (dea ). The city retained the name for only a few hundred years. Religious ceremonies before Roman times may have included child sacrifice. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions by Michael and Karin
RY85320. Silver , 947 (43 spec.), 108, -, -, VF, light , attractive , , slightly off center, light marks, porous, edge split, 13.025 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 180o, Cyrrhestica, Hierapolis-Bambyce (Membij, ) mint, Middle May - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; AYT K M OΠEΛ ANTΩEINOC, , draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC (tribune of the people, consul), standing facing, wings spread, right, in beak, walking right between eagle's legs; $250.00 (€222.50)
Elaios, Thracian Chersonesos, c. 350 - 281 B.C.
The city of Elaios in Thracian Chersonesos occupied a strategic position on what is now called the Gallipoli peninsula. In the ancient world, it was know for its sanctuary of the Trojan hero Protesilaos. Philostratos, of this sanctuary in the early third century A.D., speaks of a temple statue of Protesilaos standing on a base which was shaped like the prow of a boat. Of all the references listed in this coin's , is the only to list any coins of this city.GB85370. Bronze AE 13, 898 (also same ); -, Corpus Nummorum Thracorum -, -, -, -, -, VF, , highlighting earthen deposits, some marks, some corrosion, slightly flattened by counter marking, 2.392 g, maximum 13.3 mm, 0o, Elaios mint, c. 350 - 281 B.C.; veiled female (Demeter?) right (wreathed in grain?); : forepart right in an round punch; bee upward, seen from above, EΛAIOY/ΣIΩN flanking in two upward lines first on left, ΠA below; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.
RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $200.00 (€178.00)
Akanthos, , c. 525 - 470 B.C.
Akanthos was on the Athos peninsula of Chalcidice, near modern Ierissos. The name Akanthos (derived from the bush) may refer to the thorny nature of the town's foundation. According to Thucydides, in the 7th century B.C., from Andros and arrived on the near at the same time. The frightened natives fled. When the realized the town was empty, each group sent a runner to take the town first. The Chalcidian was the fastest but the Andrian, seeing he was losing, stopped and threw his spear in the city's gate before his opponent arrived. A court case followed, which was won by the Andrians because they had "taken over" the city first.GA85066. Silver tetrobol, 7; 18; 4; II 1875, p. 33, 10; III/2 13; 84, VF, , tiny edge cracks, 2.317 g, maximum 15.3 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, ) mint, c. 525 - 470 B.C.; forepart of right, turned so the top of the is seen, floral ornament ( ?) above, dotted line at truncation, dotted ground line; quadripartite square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
, called mother of the gods, was originally Anatolian mother goddess. In , was known as Magna ("Great Mother"). Roman mythographers reinvented her as a Trojan goddess, and thus an ancestral goddess of the Roman people by way of the Trojan prince . With Rome's eventual hegemony over the Mediterranean world, Romanised forms of Cybele's cults spread throughout the Roman Empire.RS85214. Silver , C382 (S); p. 432, 14; 137; 7401, gVF, bold strike, light , 3.517 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, mint, reign of , 211 - 215 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right; , standing facing, legs crossed, leaning with left arm resting on a column, left, towered and veiled, drum in right hand, long resting against left arm, left at feet half visible from behind legs to left; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Pherai, , , c. 302 - 286 B.C.
Pherae in southeastern , was one of the oldest Thessalian cities. In Homer, Pherae was the of Admetus and his wife, Alcestis, (whom Heracles went into Hades to rescue), as well as their son Eumelus (who was one of the suitors of Helen and led the Achaean forces of Pherae and Iolcus in the Trojan War) (Iliad 2.711; Odyssey 4.798).
Ennodia (the name means, "the one in the streets") was a goddess identified in certain areas with , Hecate, or . Timarete of Corinth, who died in , in the late 5th century B.C., is the only attested priestess of this Goddess.
Hypereia was a fountain nymph. In the Iliad, Hector fears that Andromache may be enslaved and forced to draw water "from Messeis or Hypereia" in far-off .
GS84911. Silver , 1321; 714; 239; IV 607 & pl. CCXCIV, 9; 553; p. 48, 21 & pl. X, 15; 2474, VF, on a , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 2.596 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Pherai mint, c. 302 - 286 B.C.; of Ennodia left, wearing myrtle , triple-pendant earring, and necklace, torch behind; nymph Hypereia standing left, resting right hand on a lion's fountain, water gushing from the lion's mouth, her left hand on her waist, AS/TO in two lines within lower left, ΦEPAIOYN downward on right; ex with his round tag; $175.00 (€155.75)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took , which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS76144. Silver , 1826, 274, 306, -, -, -, VF, , on flatly struck, light marks, 4.364 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - c. 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on backless throne, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, crescent horns right over left in left , Π under throne; $160.00 (€142.40)
Rhegion, , Italy, c. 415 - 387 B.C.
Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to (Acts XXVIII:13).GS79976. Silver , 1936; 70; 1588; 536; 2495; p. 376, 30, VF, , nice , uneven , light corrosion, 0.722 g, maximum 10.2 mm, 90o, Rhegion mint, c. 415 - 387 B.C.; facing scalp mask; olive sprig with two olives, PH between the leaves; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Severus was born in (Khoms, ) in the Roman province of . This was struck to commemorate the emperor's visit to his native in 207. See on .
RS79618. Silver , 207 (S); 493; p. 263, 531; 6341, aEF, slightly off-center, 3.395 g, maximum 19.4 mm, mint, 207 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; XV P P, standing half right, wearing skin headdress, with right holding out drapery with fruits in the fold, at her feet right; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
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