, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3150.00 (€2803.50)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first Rome mint portrait , and a highly sought after .SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2520.00 (€2242.80)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
A legatus pro praetore (literally: "envoy of the emperor - acting praetor") was the official title of the governor of some imperial provinces of the Roman Empire during the Principate era, normally the larger ones or those where legions were based. Provinces were denoted imperial if their governor was selected by the emperor, in contrast to senatorial provinces, whose governors (called proconsuls) were elected by the Roman Senate.SH84735. Silver , 7b, 405, 282, Spain 115, 1048, -, -, Nice gVF, attractive portrait, bold strike, light with luster in recesses, of corrosion on edge 3:00 - 6:00, 3.758 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 315o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), Celtiberian helmet decorated with and crest, short dagger pointing downward on left, (double-headed ax) slanting upward on right; this is the only example of this ever handled by , from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, ( ) flanking across at center, in ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, Daughter of , Wife of , Mother of , Grandmother of
was the daughter of Marc Antony and , the wife of , the mother of , and a grandmother of . Renowned for her beauty and virtue, was revered by the Roman people. She was probably poisoned by or committed suicide. She never loved her son , calling him a monster and a fool, but he posthumously made her Augusta in 41 A.D. and issued all her coinage.SH68887. Silver , 66, 111, 2, 1900, F, , 3.717 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 225o, Rome mint, struck under , c. 41 - 42 A.D.; , draped right, wearing barley ; (consistency of the emperor), standing facing, draped as , long torch in right, in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; (R2); $880.00 (€783.20)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $570.00 (€507.30)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
This variety with a on the is much rarer than the same without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in Cologne, , and , and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).RP84748. , 359; 5354 (5 spec.); 327; p. 25, 208; 238; 18.6; 184; -; -; -, F, , light encrustations, cutting off parts of legends, 12.583 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 0o, mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, LA (year 1) lower right; EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, in extended right hand, in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $500.00 (€445.00)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
This coin is M13 in The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage: From the Reform of to the Reform of by Kevin and Matthew Pointing. Testing established this coin was minted to the first Neronian , at 78.6% silver. There is a very tiny hole drilled in the edge where the sample was taken.SH72993. Silver , M13 (this coin), 105 (R), 47, 31, 67, 11, 2198 var. (no AVG, May - Jul), F, , tiny sample hole on the edge, 3.093 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 135o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A , laureate right; (Liberty ), standing facing, right, in extended right hand, long rod vertical in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
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