, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB71004. Bronze AE 27, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, green , 17.823 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; previously a but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to acquire; $300.00 (€267.00)
Lokris Opuntia, Lokris, , c. 340 - 330 B.C.
Lokrian (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . Locrians are mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as following , the son of Oïleus, to the Trojan War in forty ships, and as inhabiting the towns of Kynos, Opus, Calliarus, Besa, Scarphe, Augeiae, Tarphe, and Thronium. Lokrian was called the "lesser" or "Lokrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.GS83462. Silver , 98; p. 2, 9; 50; 1700; 1958; 1339; 2330; 997, aVF, attractive , , etched surfaces, 2.385 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Lokris Opuntia mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; of right, wearing of grain, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; OΠONTIΩN, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, short sword in right hand, on left arm ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol), (control symbol) below; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Thebes, , , c. 480 - 456 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .
GS85055. Silver , 261, p. 69, 19, aVF, , 5.598 g, maximum 17.3 mm, Thebes mint, 379 - 338 B.C.; Boiotian ; within square; ex 2012; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Methymna, , c. 450 - 379 B.C.
Methymna, the prosperous second city of , was, According to myth, named after a daughter of , the god of the island, and Macar, the island's first . Methymna had a long-standing rivalry with Mytilene and sided with Athens during the Mytilenaean revolt in 428 B.C. All the other cities of sided with Mytilene. After Athenians put down the revolt, only Methymna was spared from being made a cleruchy. After 427, Methymna and were the only members of the Delian League to remain self-governing and exempt from tribute, indicating a privileged position within the Athenian Empire. Methymna was briefly captured by the Spartans in summer 412, but quickly retaken by the Athenians. When the Spartan Kallikratidas besieged Methymna in 406, the city stayed loyal to its Athenian garrison and held out until it was betrayed by several traitors.GS76101. Silver , Münzprägung 19, 351, 351, 904 (R2), -, VF, , grainy and porous, 0.380 g, maximum 8.1 mm, Methymna mint, c. 450/40 - 406/379 B.C.; of right, wearing crested Attic helmet with spiral floral ornament; , MAΘ around clockwise, linear , all within a round ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71560. Bronze AE 16, cf. I 525(1); 1407 ff.; 95; 362; p. 15, 13; 253a (all various controls outer left), EF, nice jade green , typical , contact marks, slightest spots of corrosion, 3.767 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling in spiral curls down neck and beneath ear; with paw feet, with flukes right below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left and outer right (controls, outer left off ); $170.00 (€151.30)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
One 23 June 79 A.D. died from fever and diarrhea. Known for his humor, his last words on his deathbed were, "I think I'm turning into a god." succeeded his father as Roman emperor and issued this coin to commemorate his father's .RS84669. Silver , T359b, T99, T127, V149 (E - X flanking column), 2568 (same), VF, excellent portrait, , , 3.076 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, mint, 80 - 81 A.D.; , laureate right; inscribed S C, hung on the side of a , on which stands urn, E - X above flanking urn, upright laurels branches flanking on left and right; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, , 90 - 89 B.C.
The torch is an attribute of and a civic symbol of .
of invaded and beginning the First Mithridatic War.
GS76188. Silver , Dated 46, 36, 326, 325, -, -, -, VF, dark uneven on , struck with a worn die, 12.674 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 0o, mint, 90 - 89 B.C.; cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case ornamented with an , strap lower right, flanked on each side by a snake with erect, serpent-entwined staff above between snakes' heads, ME (year 45) over EΦE on left, flaming torch on right; $160.00 (€142.40)
, , c. 104 - 98 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS76186. Silver , 5; 93; 1713; 419; 7466; p. 124, 102, VF, , light marks, 12.637 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 104 - 98 B.C.; Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case holding strung bow and ornamented with an , flanked on each side by a snake with erect, AΣ (control letters) above between heads of snakes, to left, snake entwined to right; $155.00 (€137.95)
Leontini, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
Leontini was founded as by from Naxos in 729 BC, itself a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier. It was the only significant Greek settlement in not located on the coast, being some 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to its command of the fertile plain to the . The city was reduced to subject status in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela, and in 476 BC Hieron of moved the inhabitants from Catania and Naxos to Leontini. GI76342. Bronze tetras, III p. 77, 3; 360; 270; 606; 1070; p. 92, 56; 169; 709 (R1), VF, , glossy dark , 1.891 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 180o, Leontini mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; laureate of right, olive leaf and olive behind; with loop handles, a barley kernel flanking on each side, between legs of tripod, three pellets in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $120.00 (€106.80)
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