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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern CoinsView Options:  |  |  |   

Medieval and Modern Coins

France, Henry III, 1574 - 1589

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Three months after Henri was made the elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork. Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return. During the French Revolution, Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.

On May 31, 1575, Henry III created a new 14.188 grams, .833 fine silver coin with the value of 20 sols tournois. The gold écu was set at 60 sols. The gold franc equaled 1/3 écu or 20 sols. This coin, corresponding to the value of the medieval gold franc, naturally took the name franc d'argent (silver franc). Our coin is a franc avec fraise, distinguished from the contemporary franc au col plat by the addition of a lace ruff to the king's collar. It was unique to the Toulouse mint. Due to constant clipping, the coinage of francs was suspended for good on October 13, 1586. After the death of the king, however, mints held by the Catholic League struck francs in his name.
SH84614. Silver franc, Duplessy 1130A, Ciani 1434, Roberts 3612, Lafaurie 970, aVF, iridescent toning, weight 13.995 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 180o, Toulouse (M) mint, 1586; obverse •HENRICVS•III D•G FRANC ET•POL•REX• (Henry III, by the grace of god, King of France and Poland), laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III, ruffled collar, M (Toulouse workshop letter) below bust, 1586 at bottom between end and beginning of legend; reverse * SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI•BENEDICTVM S (Blessed be the name of the Lord), foliate cross fleurée, H surrounded by dots in the center; $675.00 (€573.75)


Papal State, Pius IX, 1846 - 1878

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Pius IX was the last pope who was also a secular ruler as monarch of the Papal States, ruling over he ruled over some 3 million people. In 1870 the Papal States were seized by force of arms by the newly founded Kingdom of Italy. The matter was only resolved in international law by the Lateran Treaty (also known as the Lateran Pacts or Lateran Accords), agreed in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, the latter receiving financial compensation for the loss of the Papal States, in substitution of which Italy recognized the Vatican City State as an independent territorial state which is the expression of a sovereign entity in International law known as the Holy See. The latter, as before, maintains diplomatic relations with many other states.
SH86343. Gold 20 Lire, Pagani 531, Berman 3333, Muntoni 41, Krause 1382.3, Schlumberger Gold 154, Friedberg 280; Latin Monetary Union; reeded edge, EF, light marks, weight 6.412 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 1867; obverse PIVS IX PON MAX A XXII (Pius IX Pontifex Maximus, year 22), bust left, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium, fleuron below; reverse * STATO * PONTIFICIO *, 20 / LIRE / 1867 in three lines within oak and laurel wreath, small R (Rome) below; $550.00 (€467.50)


Spain, Alfonso XIII, 1886 - 1931, 20 Pesetas, 1896 (1962) Official Restrike

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Restruck by the Spanish Mint in 1962 using original 1896 dies.
SH86345. Gold 20 Pesetas, Krause 709, Friedberg 348R, UNC, weight 6.449 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Madrid mint, 1896 (1962) official restrike; obverse ALFONSO XIII POR LA G. DE DIOS (by the grace of God), bare-headed young boy's head right, *1896*, the tiny six-pointed star on left of date marked with incuse 19, and on right 62, tiny BM under bust; reverse REY CONSTL. DE ESPAÑA (Constitutional King of Spain), coat of arms of Spain, 20 PESETAS below, date flanked by tiny MP on left an M on right; $450.00 (€382.50)


Vittore Gambello "Camelio", Venice, 1530's, The Divine Cleopatra 33mm Brass Medal

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Vittore di Antonio Gambello, called Camelio, c. 1455/60 1537, was a sculptor, armorer, die engraver, jeweler, and medalist. He studied drawing under Jacopo Bellini. Camelio was the engraver at the zecca in Venice from 1484 to 1510 and engraver at the Papal Mint from 1513 to 1516.

Attwood and others have attributed this type to Belli but Flaten discusses how others have convincingly attributed it to Camelio based on style and his similar works.
ME85860. Brass medal, Flaten 29; Hill and Pollard pl. 31, 4a-b; Attwood 384; cf. Kress 150, aVF/aF, with flan cracks, scratch, weight 26.339 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, Venice mint, 1530's; obverse Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, bust right, draped, hair tied at the back, wearing earring and jeweled diadem; reverse Nude youth (Apollo?) seated on a cloak-draped tree, uncertain objects (bow and quiver?) behind, dog (or sheep) below behind, flaming columnar altar at feet before him, ∆IA horizontal and KΛEOΠATPA downward (The Divine Cleopatra) in the right field; rare; $380.00 (€323.00)


Anglo-Gallic, Edward III, 1327 - 1377

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Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.

The outer obverse legend abbreviates, "BENEDICTUM SIT NOMEN DOMINI NOSTRI DEI IHESU CHRISTI," which means, "Blessed be the name of the Lord our God, Jesus Christ."
ME85375. Silver Gros Tournois a la Porte, SCBC 8063, Elias 63, Duplessy Féodales 1067, Elias Collection 120, Poey d'Avant 2856, Boudeau –, gF, toned, tight flan, weight 2.478 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 270o, 1351 - 1356; obverse ED'· REX : A*nGLIE / + BnDICTV · SIT · nOmE : DnI : nRI : DEI : IhV · XPI (annulet and double annulet stops, secret mark: asterisk between A and n), short cross pattée; reverse + DVX : AQITA*nIE (double annulet stops, secret mark: asterisk between A and n), châtel aquitanique, gateway below; all within tressure of arches containing twelve leaves; rare; $265.00 (€225.25)


France, Strasbourg, Louis XIV, 1684

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The Free City of Strasbourg remained neutral during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and retained its status as a Free Imperial City. However, the city was later annexed by Louis XIV of France to extend the borders of his kingdom. Louis' advisors believed that, as long as Strasbourg remained independent, it would endanger the King's newly annexed territories in Alsace, and, that to defend these large rural lands effectively, a garrison had to be placed in towns such as Strasbourg. Indeed, the bridge over the Rhine at Strasbourg had been used repeatedly by Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) forces, and three times during the Franco-Dutch War Strasbourg had served as a gateway for Imperial invasions into Alsace. In September 1681 Louis' forces, though lacking a clear casus belli, surrounded the city with overwhelming force. After some negotiation, Louis marched into the city unopposed on 30 September 1681 and proclaimed its annexation.
SH84610. Silver Sol, Ciani 2054, Gadoury 87, Duplessy 1599, Krause KM 245, VF, toned, light deposits, weight 0.936 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Strasbourg mint, 1684; obverse MON• NOV• ARGENTINENSIS (new currency of Strasbourg), fleur-de-lis; reverse *GLORIA• IN• EXCELSIS• DEO• (glory to God in heaven), •I• / •SOL• / 1684 in three lines; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $200.00 (€170.00)


Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of Apulia or Counts of Sicily & Calabria, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.

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This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs less then 1/3 the weight of the even the lightest official Class B Byzantine anonymous follis Forum has handled. Attribution to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other Byzantine imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and Sicily.
ME73353. Bronze follaro, apparently unpublished, imitative of Class B Byzantine anonymous follis (SBCV 1823, Constantinople, 1028 - 1041); MEC Italy III -, MIR -, et al. -, F, weight 2.163 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Italian mint, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, holding book of Gospels; reverse IS - XS / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings, mostly off flan), Cross on three steps, dividing legend; from a California collector; $195.00 (€165.75)


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

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This type was struck while Bohemond I was in captivity. It was the first type struck by Tancred. The order in which his types were struck has been firmly established by frequent overstrikes of later issues on earlier coins.

St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch.
CR85716. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades 52, Malloy Crusaders 3a, Schlumberger II 6, aVF, nice green patina, tight flan, earthen deposits, some light corrosion, weight 3.025 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, obverse bust of St. Peter facing, short curly hair and curly beard, scroll in right hand, cross in left hand, O / PE-TP/O/C (TP ligate) divided across field; reverse + / KE BOI/ΘH TO ∆V / ΛO COV TANKPI+ (O Lord, help your servant Tancred) in five lines; $180.00 (€153.00)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Philip IV of Spain, 31 March 1621 - 17 September 1665

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Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66312. Bronze 3 cavalli, MIR Napoli 276 (R4), F, weight 2.223 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, 1647; obverse PHILIPP IIII D G REX, bare head right, GA/C (mint master Giovanni Andrea Cavo) left, 46 (or 47) below; reverse foliate cross, rosette at center, flame from each angle; extremely rare; $170.00 (€144.50)


Salamis(?), Cyprus, Pnytagoras(?), c. 351 - 332 B.C.(?)

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CNG noted of their similar coin, "The coins of Salamis do feature turreted portraits of Aphrodite, but other than that and the possibility of rendering the monogram as ΠN, there is little to confirm the identification of this coin." We have doubts about the attribution but don't have anything better to suggest.
GA85913. Silver hemiobol, Unpublished in references, cf. CNG e-auction 143 (12 Jul 06), lot 84 (caduceus to right of monogram on reverse), aVF, uneven toning, porous, scratches, weight 0.245 g, maximum diameter 6.8 mm, die axis 315o, Salamis(?) mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.(?); obverse turreted female head (Aphrodite?) right; reverse ΠN(?) monogram, within linear circle; extremely rare; $170.00 (€144.50)




  







Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Medieval and Modern