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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian EraView Options:  |  |  |   

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
RL86760. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 890, Cohen VII 511, SRCV IV16125, Hunter V 45 var. (obv. leg., misdescribed), Choice aEF, excellent centering, brown surfaces, traces of silvering, small closed flan crack, weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI, radiate and draped bust of Sol, from behind; from the Davis Collection (purchased privately from CNG (866261, $245, Aug 2010); $250.00 (212.50)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The Romans built temples and struck many coin types for valor, hope, health, fidelity, harmony, honor, peace, victory, and security, and rendered peculiar devotion to the fickle divinity of fortune; yet to the preeminent virtue Sapientia (wisdom), no altar was raised, no acknowledgment of tutelary influence offered, until the time of Licinius and Constantine. Wisdom, the sovereign mistress of human existence and advancement, in the all the mintage of Rome, was recognize only by this tiny issue of the joint emperors.
SH87288. Bronze quarter follis, RIC VII Rome 16 (R3); SRCV IV 16164, Cohen VII 485, gVF, well centered, nice portrait, some reverse legend weak, edge cracks, some minor porosity, weight 0.875 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, bare head right; reverse SAPIENTIA PRINCIPIS (wisdom of the prince), owl atop an altar, spear resting diagonal across the front of the altar, round shield lower left, helmet lower right, R[...] (officina obscure) in exergue; very rare; $240.00 (204.00)


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL87195. Bronze double maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 236 (R), SRCV V 19213, Cohen VIII 23, LRBC II 1700 var. (rosette diademed), Hunter V -, Choice VF, green patina, well centered, edge crack, weight 9.163 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 150o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F P P AVG (Our lord Jovianus, dutiful, fortunate, father of the coutntry, emperor), pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA ROMANORVM (to Roman victory), Jovian standing facing, head right, labarum (Chi-Rho Christogram Standard) in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand offering him and Chi-Rho standard, TESA in exergue; rare with pearl diadem; $220.00 (187.00)


Lot of 5 Choice gVF+ Bronze Coins - Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and his Sons, 307 - 337 A.D.

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Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity after the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. Before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. After placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. He also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.
LT87369. Bronze Lot, 5 coins of Constantine and his sons, 19.2 - 21.2 mm, Choice VF+, excellent coins, well centered and struck with beautiful desert patinas, struck under Constantine, 307 - 337 A.D.; no specific identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; $200.00 (170.00)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign, you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL90728. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 284 (S), LRBC II 1171, Voetter 48, SRCV V 18903, Cohen VII 3, gVF, oval flan, encrustation, flan split, weight 5.040 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star in front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Constantius standing half-left, in military dress, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in each hand, A left, star above, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


Lot of 5 Choice gVF+ Bronze Coins - Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and his Sons, 307 - 337 A.D.

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Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity after the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. Before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. After placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. He also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.
LT87360. Bronze Lot, 5 coins of Constantine and his sons, 17.4 - 18.7 mm, all Choice gVF+ , with attractive highlighting "desert" patinas, struck under Constantine, 307 - 337 A.D.; no specific identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; $180.00 (153.00)


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess Lugdunum, founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the Roman emperors strike their silver and gold coinage there." (4.3.2). Dates of operation: 15 B.C. - c. 90 A.D., 195 - 196, and c. 254 - 423. Mintmarks: LG, LVG
RT85637. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 126, LRBC II 221, Bastien Lyon 174, SRCV V 18820, Hunter V 43 var. (pellet above SV), EF, dark toned silvered surfaces, well centered on a tight flan, die wear, tiny edge chip, slightest porosity, weight 5.201 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 18 Jan 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories holding wreath containing VOT V MVLT X, SV below, RPLG in exergue; $160.00 (136.00)


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL82770. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 3 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 543, LRBC I 66, SRCV IV 16445, Cohen VII 21, EF, sharp detail, slightly off center on a tight flan, clashed reverse die, weight 2.398 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS in exergue; $160.00 (136.00)


Lot of 10 VF Bronze Coins - Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and his Sons, 307 - 337 A.D.

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Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity after the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. Before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. After placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. He also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.
LT87364. Bronze Lot, 10 coins of Constantine and his sons, 16.9 - 19.3 mm, VF, nice coins with attractive earthen highlighting desert patinas, struck under Constantine, 307 - 337 A.D.; no specific identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; $150.00 (127.50)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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This bust type is not listed in RIC with this reverse. It appears to be a mule struck, probably in error, with an obverse die from 329 A.D. (RIC VII 338) and a reverse die from the previous issue struck in 328 A.D. (RIC VII Arles 322). In 328, the obverse type was laureate, draped and cuirassed. In 329, the campgate was flanked by T - F and usually had two turrets and no doors.
RL86814. Billon centenionalis, An apparently unpublished mule of two very rare (R4) types; RIC VII Arles -, cf. 338 (for obverse, 329 A.D.) / 322 (for reverse, 328 A.D.), Choice gVF, excellent centering on a round flan, dark patina, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, from the front; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with five rows, four turrets and open doors, with two panels, each with 2 pellets, star above, top row ornamented with arches and pellets, S - F at sides, TCONST in exergue; ex Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; extremely rare; $130.00 (110.50)




  







Catalog current as of Friday, August 17, 2018.
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Constantinian Era