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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ CreteView Options:  |  |  | 

Crete

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Cyrenaica and Crete(?)

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This type was certainly struck in the east. RPC Online III assigns it to the province of Cyrenaica and Crete; Mantis ANS to Caesarea in Cappadocia; Bostra is also a possibility.
RP85807. Bronze semis, RPC Online III 11, Mantis ANS 1944.100.62449, Sydenham Caesarea 288, Asolati 179 (Cyrene), RIC II p. 428 note, BMCRE III p. 440 note, VF, slightly rough, scratches, encrustations, edge cracks, weight 2.813 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain eastern (Caesarea?) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, bearded and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; scarce; $110.00 (€93.50)
 


Lyttus, Crete, c. 450 - 320 B.C.

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References do not describe the obverse legend, but it is also present on the Svoronos plate.
SH65976. Silver drachm, Svoronos Crete p. 231, 19 and pl.XXI, 13; BMC Crete p. 55, 7; SNG Cop 494, aVF, slightly grainy, well centered, weight 5.352 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lyttus mint, c. 380 - 320 B.C.; obverse ΛY−TΣ (clockwise starting above, ΛY ligate), eagle flying left; reverse ΛYTTION, boar’s head right in beaded square border, all within incuse square; rare; SOLD


Knossos, Crete, Alliance with Gortys, c. 220 B.C.

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Europa riding a bull is the symbol of Gortyna and the labyrinth is the symbol of Cnossus. An alliance of Cnossus and Gortys, formed c. 220 B.C., took control of all of Crete, except for the Spartan colony of Lyttos. Cnossus and its allies moved against Lyttos, but for some unknown reason the Cretans began to quarrel. Polyrrhenia, Lappa, and some other cities defected to Lyttos. In Gortys the citizens were divided, the elder Gortynians remained loyal to Cnossus, while the younger Gortynians favored Lyttos. Perhaps this coin was struck at this time to help regain Gortynian support. While the Cnossians were occupied at Gortys, the mass of the Lyttian warriors left their city to invade the enemy territory. The Cnossians learned of their plan, attacked undefended Lyttos, captured all the women and children, and razed the city to the ground. The Lyttian warriors abandoned their devastated city and settled in Lappa. The war continued for several years, but the further history is lost. We do know it favored Cnossus' enemies. The Lyttians eventually returned to their territory and rebuilt their city on a nearby hill.Crete

GB87205. Bronze AE 19, cf. BMC Crete p. 9, 36 ff.; Svoronos Numismatique 118 ff.; SNG Cop 378 f.; Lindgren II 1721; SGCV I 3228, F, green patina, tight flan, earthen deposits, obverse die wear, uneven weak obverse strike, weight 6.219 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, Knosos (Heraklion, Crete, Greece) mint, c. 220 B.C.; obverse Europa seated facing aside a bull prancing left, her veil billowing out above her head, two small dolphins confronted below, border of rays; reverse KNΩΣINΩN (or similar), possibly with a star between K and N, Labyrinth; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Ashton, R. "Rhodian-Type Silver Coinages from Crete" in SM 146 (May 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Burnett, A. and M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. II. The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Holloway R.R. "An Archaic Hoard from Crete and the Early Aeginetan Coinage" in ANSMN 17 (1971).
Jameson, R. Collection R. Jameson. Monnaies grecques antiques. (Paris, 1913-1932).
Le Rider, G. Monnaies Crétoises du V au I Siécle av J.C. (Paris, 1966).
Mildenberg, L. and S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Papageorgiadou-Banis, C. The Coinage of Kea. (Athens, 1997).
Seager, R.B. "A Cretan Coin Hoard" in ANSNNM 23 (New York, 1924).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Stefanaki, V. E. "Le monnayage de bronze de Viannos et de Malla en Crète orientale" in Kermatia Philias (Athens, 2009).
Svoronos, J.  Numismatique de la Crète ancienne. (Paris, 1890).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume III, R.C. Lockett Collection. (London, 1938 - 1949).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Crete and the Aegean Islands. (London, 1886).
Wroth, W. "Cretan Coins" in NC 1884, pp. 1-58.

Catalog current as of Monday, July 23, 2018.
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Crete