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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ PhilippopolisView Options:  |  |  | 

Philippopolis, Thrace

Philippopolis is Plovdiv, Bulgaria today. A Neolithic settlement dating around 4000 B.C. establishes Plovdiv as among the world's oldest cities. It was a walled Thracian city called Eumolpias when it was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great. He renamed it Philippopolis. When it regained independence, the new Thracian name was Pulpudeva. In Latin it was sometimes called Trimontium (City of Three Hills). An important crossroads in the Roman Empire, it became the capital of Roman Thracia.


Persian Empire, Tyre, Phoenicia, Uncertain King, c. 440 - 410 B.C.

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The coinage of Tyre circulated throughout the holy land. The unusual combination of relief and incuse was used only briefly in Tyre and other Phoenician cities.
GA73032. Silver 1/16th shekel, Elayi-Elayi Tyre 223 - 238; Rouvier 1777; BMC Phoenicia p. 227, 3; SNG Cop 294; HGC 10 326; Betlyon -, VF, weight 0.706 g, maximum diameter 8.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, c. 440 - 410 B.C.; obverse dolphin right above zigzag wave, murex shell below; reverse horned owl standing right, head facing, crook and flail under far wing (Egyptian symbols of royalty), all within an incuse form fitting the type; ex Numismatica Ars Classica auction 72 (May 2013), lot 939 ($248 plus fees); rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace

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Wandering the world in a panther-drawn chariot, Dionysus rode ahead of the maenads and satyrs, who sang loudly and danced, flushed with wine. They were profusely garlanded with ivy and held the thyrsus, a staff topped with a pine-cone, a symbol of the immortality of his believers. Everywhere he went he taught men how to cultivate vines, and the mysteries of his cult. Whoever stood in his way and refused to revere him was punished with madness.
RP68934. Bronze assarion, Varbanov III 1551 (R6), Mouchmov Philip 425, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Fitz -, SNG Hunt -, SNG Milan -, Lindgren -, et. al. -, VF, scratch on reverse, weight 3.191 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M AYP KAI − ANTΩNEINO (NE ligate), bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEI,TΩN (ending in exergue), Dionysos reclining half-left on panther walking right, thyrsos in right, resting on left elbow on panther's back; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 215, part of lot 3645; rare; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace

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This is only the second example of this type known to Forum. All three references we list for this type actually refer to the same coin, described as having a completely uncertain obverse legend. That coin is now in the Archaeological Museum Sophia.
RP63215. Bronze assarion, RPC Online 7559, Varbanov III 1061 (R5), Mouchmov Philip 207, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, SNG Fitz -, SNG Hunterian -, et al. -, www -, VF, perhaps the finest of the type, weight 4.338 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AY KAI M A − KOMMO∆OC, laureate head right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Hera standing facing in long drapery, head left, veiled, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; 2nd known to Forum; USA import restricted type, from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bernhart, M. "Dionysos und seine Familie auf griechischen Mnzen" in JNG I (1949).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily - Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grce 1, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace
. (Athens, 1970).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum fr Krnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Ponien. (Klagenfurt, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, VI. Macedonia - Thracia, Part 3: Chersonesus Tauricus, Sarmatia, Thracia, Chersonesus Thraciae, Isole della Thracia. (Milan, 2000).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Sunday, December 9, 2018.
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Philippopolis