, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.
SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
Roman Republic, Sextus Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.
This was struck while was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. and Buttrey identify it as a for Salpensa, but David points out that such a prominent would be unprecedented on a of the period and seems to be an integral of the .RR77515. Silver , 4 (6/D); 477/3a; 1042a; 232b, 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, 3.331 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 90o, uncertain mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; SEX IMP SAL, of Cnaeus Magnus ( ) right; standing left, branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
"This refers to Vitellius' membership in the priestly college of the Sacris Faciundis, 'fifteen men for the conduct of sacred matters.' This body had care of the Sibylline prophecies and were famous for the opulence of their banquets, a feature of the priesthood which particularly appealed to the gluttonous emperor." -- , Roman Coins and Their ValuesSH77386. Silver , 86 (S); 114; p. 370, 17; 46; -; -, VF, excellent portrait, , marks and scratches, somewhat oval , slight edge damage, 2.972 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. May - Jul 69 A.D.; A GERMAN , laureate right; XV VIR SACR FAC, tripod-lebes with dome cover, right on top, raven standing right below ; ex CNG e-auction 221 (28 Oct 2009), lot 483; ex Jörg Collection; ; $380.00 (€338.20)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
In 38 B.C. , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the until 33 BC.SH79737. Silver , 1474, 533/2, 267, 1199, 13, II East 141, gF, , marks and scratches, banker's marks, weak legends, 3.741 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 38 B.C.; M ANTONINVS M F M N IMP , standing right, as priest, holding ; ET , of Sol right; $320.00 (€284.80)
Katane, , c. 186 - 70 B.C.
For rescuing their aged parents from an eruption of Mt. Etna, the Romans idolized the Katanean brothers as the embodiment of the Roman virtue .GI76343. Bronze AE 21, III p. 98, 10; 1285; 196; 454; p. 52, 72; 626 (R2), VF/F, green , weak, light scratches, , 4.673 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 180o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, Roman rule, c. 186 - 70 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing ivy , ΛAΣIO (magistrate) above, (ΩΣI?) behind; KATANΩN, the Katanean brothers, Amphinomos and Anapias, carrying their aged parents, saving them from an eruption of Mt. Etna; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RB76218. , P208a, 46, 23, 9168, VF, excellent portrait, , nice green , double struck, , 14.922 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; OTACIL AVG, diademed draped right; AVGSTAE (piety of the Emperor), standing slightly left, left, raising right hand, box of perfume in left hand, flanking low across ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of
Although this coin suggests and desired an heir, it would have been difficult because their mutual hatred was so strong they even refused to dine together. Their marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.RS79621. Silver , 367, 16, 422, 7072, VF, nice portrait, , edge cracks, 3.431 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, c. 203 A.D.; PLAVTILLA , draped right, hair wavy, plait looped at back of neck; (to the piety of the two emperors), standing facing, right, long vertical in right hand, child on left arm; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
A nice little boy portrait with no sign of the monster he would become.RS79933. Silver , 68; 686; p. 234, 396; p. 52, 23; 6908, VF, excellent boy portrait, , 3.498 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 202 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped boy's right; PON TR P V COS, standing left, togate and veiled, sacrificing over lit tripod from a in right hand, in left hand; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RS77586. Silver 129, 186, 8677, -, EF, very broad , some luster, tiny edge cracks, 2.904 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; (the piety of the Emperor), standing slightly left, veiled left, raising both in prayer; $145.00 (€129.05)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
During 191, the city of Rome was extensively damaged by a fire that raged for several days, during which many public buildings including the Temple of Pax, the Temple of and parts of the imperial palace were destroyed. Perhaps seeing this as an opportunity, early in 192 , declaring himself the new , ritually re-founded Rome, renaming the city Lucia Commodiana. All the months of the year were renamed to correspond exactly with his (now twelve) names: , , , , , Herculeus, Romanus, Exsuperatorius, Amazonius, Invictus, , Pius. The legions were renamed Commodianae, the fleet which imported grain from was termed Commodiana Togata, the Senate was entitled the Commodian Fortunate Senate, his palace and the Roman people themselves were all given the name Commodianus, and the day on which these reforms were decreed was to be called Dies Commodianus.RS76532. Silver , 574a, 325, 58, 236, -, VF, centered on a , light , 2.360 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Dec 191 - Dec 192 A.D.; L AEL AVREL AVG , laureate right; XVII IMP P P, seated left on high backed throne, extending her right hand to child standing with legs crossed at her feet, transverse in her left hand, in left ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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