, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.
SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $1250.00 (€1112.50)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very ; $1100.00 (€979.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .
SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1080.00 (€961.20)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular
This is an example of the very earliest form of coinage; a type-less (blank) globule, weighed to a specific , with a simple square punch mark on one side (two or three punch marks on larger denominations). Nine similar pieces were within the famous "Artemision Find" at in 1904.SH84463. 1/24th , 678, -, -, -, -, VF, tiny edge crack, 0.539 g, maximum 6.0 mm, uncertain mint, c. 650 - 600 B.C.; plain globular surface; punch: roughly square pyramid with striated sides; ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 663, II launched an assault against the Duchy of Benevento (Southern Italy). Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard Grimoald I was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, disembarked at Taranto and besieged Luceria and Benevento.SH76122. Gold , 13/Cp/AV/64; 61; 298; 2, 36a (not in the coll., refs. W. & T.); 34; 969; -; -, EF, some die wear, , 4.490 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, 5th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; D N COT-NV- (blundered fragmentary ), facing busts of & Constantine IV, wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with , small between heads; AVGY E, on three steps between Heraclius (left) and standing facing, each wears crown and and holds in right, Θ in ; ; $760.00 (€676.40)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 662, II invaded south Italy.SH76119. Gold , 2, 30a; 13/Cp/AV/55; 53; 285; 31A; 12.23; 964, -, EF, 4.432 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, 1sst , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; [ fragmentary], facing busts of & Constantine IV, wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with , small between heads; AVGU A, on three steps between Heraclius (left) and standing facing, each wears crown and and holds in right, in ; ; $670.00 (€596.30)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced coins are not very similar. It might be more appropriate to describe this coin as unpublished but perhaps the pattern is purely random and it is from the same mint and issue as the or Von Aulock coin.SH76827. 1/24 , cf. 688, 7768, (neither very similar), -, -, I -, -, -, VF, 0.710 g, maximum 6.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; random(?) pattern of shapes and pellets; a roughly square punch with a central pellet surrounded by a random(?) pattern of curved lines; $570.00 (€507.30)
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