Kings of , Pylaimenes , c. 140 - 89 B.C.
In Greek mythology, Pylaemenes was the of the Eneti tribe of (a much earlier , not the named on this coin). He claimed to be related to Priam through Phineus, as the latter's daughter Olizone was married to Dardanus. He led his Paphlagonian forces to the Trojan War, as a Trojan ally. Pylaemenes was killed in battle by Menelaus of Sparta. He had a son named Harpalion who was killed by Meriones, son of Molus.
The Pylaemenes named on this coin may have been Pylaimenes II (ruled c. 140 - 130 B.C.), who bequeathed his kingdom to , or Pylaimenes III (ruled c. 108 - 89 B.C.), a son of Nicomedes III, of . The symbolized peace and and perhaps indicated that Pylaimenes III desired close relations with Rome.GB77131. Bronze AE 18, Black Sea 1555; 150; I, p. 127 and pl. XVII, 3; p. 103, 2 and pl. XXIII, 12; -; BMC Stancomb -, VF, well struck, green , a little rough, 3.905 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, c. 140 - 89 B.C.; of bull facing; winged , BAΣIΛEΩΣ − ΠYΛAIMENOY / EΨEPΓEOY in three downward lines, the first line on the right, concave ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of Commagene, and Callinicus, 72 A.D.
In 72 A.D., only two years after Antiochus IV, of Commagene, sent troops, commanded by his son , to aid in the siege of Jerusalem, he was accused by the governor of of conspiring with against Rome. After a reign of thirty-four years from his first appointment by , Antiochus was deprived of his kingdom. He retired first to Sparta, and then to Rome, where he passed the remainder of his life and was treated with great respect. Antiochus' sons, and Callinicus briefly ruled the kingdom but after an encounter with Roman troops, fled to . They later joined their father in Rome.SH90336. Bronze AE 21, 3861; p. 110, 1 ff.; 3440; 5515, F, 7.954 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 45o, Samosata (Samsat, Turkey) mint, 72 A.D.; and Callinicus riding left on horseback, each wearing , BACIΛEΩC / YIOI in ; KOMMAΓHNΩN, Capricorn right, above, flukes left below, all within laurel , of dots; ex John Jencek; $170.00 (€151.30)
Kings of , Tarkondimotos, c. 39 - 31 B.C.
Tarkondimotos was made dynast by Pompey and crowned by Marc Antony. He died at the Battle of . The , frequently used in an earlier era by Seleukid kings, is almost certainly post-Actium, perhaps from Antioch.GB75283. Bronze AE 22, 3871, 5682, p. 237, 1 ff., F/aF, green , 8.040 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Hieropolis mint, c. 39 - 31 B.C.; diademed right, : in oval punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / TAPKON∆IMO/TOY, Zeus enthroned half left, around hips and legs with end over shoulder, offering extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, ΦIΛANT ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Anatolia, Unknown , 2nd Century B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
, p. 536, notes that this crab , struck in three denominations is traditionally attributed to Amyntas, of , 39 - 25 B.C., but omits the coins from the catalog because, "It is hard to see that this is really a version of the king's name." RPC then discusses other possible attributions and dismisses them all. We agree Amyntas is surely wrong.SH65879. Bronze AE 16, 5381; (1874) p. 332, 13; - (note, p. 536), VF, 3.985 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, uncertain mint, crab; BA ME/MTOY / M (sic), in three lines, no ; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Kingdom of , , Micipsa, c. 148 - 118 B.C.
(202 - 46 B.C.) was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller of Tunisia, in . It was bordered by the kingdoms of (modern-day Morocco) to the , the Roman province of (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the , and the Sahara Desert to the south. After the death of the long-lived Masinissa c. 148 B.C., he was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, . had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to corruption charges. was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to . The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Cornelius to neighboring to eliminate their support for . With the of I of , captured . In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, was executed.GB77302. Bronze AE 27, MAA 18a, III 50, 32, 505 ff., 6597, F, near black dark glossy , earthen deposits, 14.970 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, Numidian mint, c. 148 - 118 B.C.; laureate of left, pointed beard, dot ; horse galloping left, pellet below, linear ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Kingdom of Scythia, Sariakos, c. 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
GB59380. Bronze AE 18, 353; NC 1899, p. 88, 4-5; -, F, rough, 5.227 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, c. 3rd - 2nd Centuries B.C.; bearded right, shaped ; BAΣI ΣAPI, bow and bow-case; very ; $45.00 (€40.05)
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