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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Coins of the Justinian Dynasty

Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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Justin was unable to hold the territory Justinian had restored. Most of Italy and parts of Spain were quickly lost to the Lombards and Visigoths. Refusal to pay tribute to the Sassanids, resulted in protracted war. The burdens of office drove him insane and his successor was regent for the last four years of his reign.
SH91674. Gold solidus, DOC I 5d, Wroth BMC 11, Tolstoi 10, Hahn MIB II 1, Sommer 5.3, SBCV 346, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Choice EF, mint luster, well centered, broad flan, flan flaw obv. 12:00, weight 4.490 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Nov 565 - 567 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest, trefoil ornament and pendilia, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman in left hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H (victory of the three emperors, 8th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, wearing crested helmet, aegis on right shoulder, spear in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star left, CONOB in exergue; ex Maxwell Hunt Collection; very scarce; $800.00 (704.00)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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Focas became emperor through a military revolt. He was an oppressive evil tyrant. His reign was a period of disaster with invasions, persecution of the aristocracy and civil unrest. Focas restored recognizable portraiture to the coinage - an oddity considering his appearance is often described as grotesque.
BZ92762. Bronze half follis, DOC II part 1, 37a; Ratto 1218; Hahn MIB 65b; SBCV 644; Sommer 9.29; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Tolstoi -, VF, overstruck with strong undertype effects, small edge split, weight 4.567 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 603 - 5 Oct 610 A.D.; obverse D N FOCA PERP AVG, crowned bust facing, bearded, wearing consular robes, mappa in right hand, cross in left hand; reverse XX (20 nummi), star above, CONA in exergue; ex German dealer or collector (anonymous German tag); $65.00 (57.20)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D., Overstruck on Focas

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Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.
BZ91698. Bronze follis, SBCV 805; DOC II-1 76 - 83; Hahn MIB 160b, Sommer 11.53; undertype: Focas, follis, Constantinople, 604 - 610 A.D., SBCV 640, VF, overstruck with strong undertype effects, holed, weight 10.091 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 616 A.D.; obverse [dd NN hERACLIuS Et hER]A CON[St PP A], Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; undertype: O N FOCA..., crowned facing bust, mappa in right, cross in left; reverse large M (40 nummi), Christogram above, ANNO left, uncertain year right (years 3 - 5, obscured by undertype effects), A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; undertype: large XXXX, ANNO above, uncertain year right (years 2 - 8), CON[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 (52.80)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
BZ89930. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 271, Wroth BMC 157, Morrisson BnF I 92, Tolstoi 468, Ratto 570, Sommer 4.112, Hahn MIB I 161, Berk 255, SBCV 244, VF, dark green patina, centered on a broad flan, light scratches, weight 1.996 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 551 - 560 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi) with cross at center made with center horizontal, star right; scarce; $45.00 (39.60)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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This type was struck at Constantinople, Nicomedia and Cyzicus. Since Nicomedia and Cyzicus each only had two officinae, coins struck by officina Γ, ∆ and E must be from Constantinople. For the first two officina, comparing style is the only, and uncertain, method of differentiation between the mints.
BZ91869. Bronze half follis, DOC I 53b, Ratto 1068, Hahn MIB II 70D, SBCV 497, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, aF, obverse a little off center, weight 6.058 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)(?) mint, 589 - 590 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIbeR P P A (or similar), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield (ornamented with rider on horseback right) in left; reverse large K (20 nummi), A/N/N/O left, ςII (year 8) right, cross above, B (2nd officina) below; $30.00 (26.40)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
BZ92372. Bronze follis, DOC I 168a (officina letter A also with unusual form); Hahn MIB 96c; Sommer 7.63; SBCV 533; Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, F, highlighting earthen deposits, scrapes, scratches, corrosion, obv. a little off center, edge splits, weight 9.882 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 597 - 598 A.D.; obverse dN MAVP... (or similar, blundered), bust facing wearing consular robes, crown with trefoil ornament, mappa in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left hand; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and Ξ/YI (regnal year 16), cross above, A (1st officina) below, THEUP' (Theoupolis) in exergue; from a New England dealer; $30.00 (26.40)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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In 583, Emperor Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who have swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. They captured the cities of Singidunum (modern Belgrade) and Viminacium (Moesia).
BZ91870. Bronze follis, DOC I 22b, Tolstoi 70, Ratto 1036, Hahn MIB 65C, Sommer 7.20, SRCV 493, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AE/4 var. (3rd officina), Wroth BMC 28 var. (1st officina), aF, a little rough, uneven strike, edge split, weight 12.392 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 584 A.D.; obverse D N mAV-RC PP AV, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, crown with cross, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and II (regnal year 2), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $28.00 (24.64)











Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 20, 2019.
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Justinian Dynasty