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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ TanitView Options:  |  |  | 


Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.

Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Second Punic War, c. 210 - 202 B.C.

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The Second Punic War, 218 - 201 B.C., is most remembered for Hannibal's crossing of the Alps, followed by his crushing victories over Rome in the battle of the Trebia, at Trasimene, and again at Cannae. After these defeats, many Roman allies joined Carthage, prolonging the war in Italy for over a decade. Against Hannibal's skill on the battlefield, the Romans deployed the Fabian strategy. More capable in siege-craft, the Romans recaptured all the major cities that had defected. The Romans defeated an attempt to reinforce Hannibal at the battle of the Metaurus and, in Iberia, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major took New Carthage and ended Carthaginian rule over Iberia in the Battle of Ilipa. The final showdown was the Battle of Zama in Africa where Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, resulting in the imposition of harsh peace conditions on Carthage, which ceased to be a major power and became a Roman client-state.Hannibal's route of invasion
GB83568. Billon dishekel, Viola 185; Coin Hoards IX, group 3 (single-pendant earring variety), 77 - 96; cf. Alexandropoulos 44; SNG Cop 190; Müller Afrique 103; SRCV II 6494, VF, flan adjustment marks, die break on reverse, weight 11.92 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage mint, c. 210 - 202 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, hair wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and single-pendant earring; reverse unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, no pellet; scarce; $225.00 (€200.25)

Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 200 - 146 B.C.

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At its height, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Continual war with the Sicilian Greeks, and then Rome, ended with the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of the city in 146 B.C.
GB84566. Bronze trishekel, cf. Viola CNP 63a; Müller Afrique 245; SNG Cop 411; Alexandropoulos MAA 105e, F, nice style, some pitting, marks, flan cracks, weight 17.885 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage mint, c. 200 - 146 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, long hair, wreathed in grain, earring with one pendant; reverse horse striding right, Punic letter alef below; rare ; $160.00 (€142.40)

Siculo-Punic, Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.

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Before it was incoporated within the Persian Empire in the 370s B.C., Tyre was the economic and political hub of the Phoenician world. Supremacy passed to Sidon, and then to Carthage, before Tyre's destruction by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. Each colony paid tribute to either Tyre or Sidon, but neither had actual control. The Carthaginians, however, appointed their own magistrates to rule the towns and took much direct control. This policy would result in a number of Iberian towns siding with the Romans during the Punic Wars.
GB65641. Bronze half unit, Viola CNP 126, SNG Cop VIII 96 ff. (=SNG Cop I 1022 ff.), SNG München 1626 ff., SNG Morcom 897, Alexandropoulos 15, aVF, rough, nice green patina, weight 5.015 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 270o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; obverse male head left, wreathed in grain, wearing hoop earring; reverse free horse prancing right, short exergual line below rear hooves, linear border; $70.00 (€62.30)

Sardinia, Punic Rule, 264 - 241 B.C.

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Head of Tanit / horse head types were likely struck at many different mints in the Punic realm. The style of this particular type, which was struck in Italy during the Second Punic War, is very atypical. Robinson suggested Locri as the possible mint, noting similarity between the style of Tanit on this type and Persephone on Locri bronzes.
GB72291. Bronze AE 15, Alexandropoulos 60 (Sardinia); SNG Cop 224 (Africa); Müller Africa 274, Fair/Fine, small flan, weight 1.612 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sardinia mint, 264 - 241 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain; reverse horse head right; scarce; $36.00 (€32.04)


Catalog current as of Thursday, March 23, 2017.
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