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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ TacitusView Options:  |  |  | 

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died.


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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA87238. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3474 (87 spec.), RIC V-1 92, Venèra 7-37, BnF XII 1555, Hunter IV 10, Colonne 663, Maravielle 680, Mazzini 100, Choice aEF, excellent portrait, full circles centering, some silvering, weight 3.984 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, 1st officina, Rome mint, issue 2, Nov – Dec 275; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left holding rod over globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, XXIA in exergue; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA84987. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3408 (96 spec.), RIC V-1 145, BnF XII 1681, La Venèra 1565 - 1604, Gloucester 727, Maravielle 785, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1573, Choice VF, silvering, well centered, some light corrosion, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 2, early ? June 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, olive branch raised in right hand, transverse spear and oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; $110.00 (€93.50)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars represented military power as a way to secure peace, and was a father (pater) of the Roman people.
RA87254. Billon double aureliani, MER-RIC 4114 (11 spec.), BnF XII 1847, RIC V-1 214 (R), Hunter IV -, Venèra -, F, well centered, light corrosion, weight 4.323 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) mint, issue 2, Jan - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CLEMENTIA TEMP• (time of peace and calm), Mars standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, branch in right hand, vertical spear point up and shield at feet in left hand, star lower left, I A in exergue; very rare type, very rare denomination; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA83503. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3539, RIC V-1 82, BnF XII 1604, Hunter IV 3, Venèra 549 - 561, Gloucester 690, Maravielle 708, Navis-Mühlen 142, Choice EF, well centered, much silvering, light marks, weight 3.342 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, issue 3, early 276 ? June 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ in right field, XXI in exergue; $90.00 (€76.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSINVICTAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPFAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPFAVGVIRTVS
IMPCMCLATACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLATACITVSPAVG
IMPCMTACITVSINVICTVSPFAVG
IMPCTACITVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPCTACITVSPFINVICTVSAVG
IMPCTACTIVSAVG
IMPCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCLTACITVSPFAVG
IMPTACITVSINVICTVSAVG
MCLTACITVSPAVG
MCLTACITVSPFAVG


REFERENCES

Abdy, R., E. Besly & F. López-Sánchez. The Gloucester Hoard and other coin hoards of the Britannic Empire. CHRB XIII. (Wetteren, 2010).
Alföldi, A. Siscia, Vorarbeiten zu einem Corpus der in Siscia geprägten Römermünzen IV, Die Prägungen von Tacitus und Florianus. (Budapest, 1940).
Alram, M., R. Denk, & W. Szaivert. Die Münzsammlung des Augustiner-Chorherrenstiftes Klosterneuburg. TNRB 6. (1989).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. "The Coleby, near Lincoln, hoard" in CHRB V (1984), pp. 22 - 60.
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Crnobrnja, N. The Hoard of Roman Coins from Svetozarevo, Valerian-Diocletian. (Svetozarevo, 1987).
Estiot, S. "Le double trésor de Colonne (Jura), terminus 298 AD" in TM XVII (1998), pp. 107-180.
Estiot, S. "Le Trésor de Maravielle" in TM V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII - 1, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S., et al. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/2: Tacitus and Florianus. (Verona, 1987).
Estiot, S., M. Amandry & M. Bompaire. "Le Trésor de Sainte-Pallaye (Yonne): 8864 antoniniens de Valérien à Carin" in TM XIV (1993), pp. 39 - 124.
Franke, P. Die antiken Münzen der Sammlung Heynen. (Cologne, 1976).
Kellner, H., L. Zemmer-Plank, & E. Kellner. Ein römischer Münzschatz von Navis-Mühlen im Wipptal. (Innsbruck, 1984).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Mazzini, I. Monete Imperiali Romane. (Milan, 1957-1958).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V online) - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Nesler, J., D. Hollard & M. Bompaire. "Le trésor de Ciron IV (Indre)" in TM XIX (2000), pp. 129-160.
Postel, R. Katalog der Antiken Münzen in der Hamburger Kunsthalle. (Hamburg, 1976).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, September 20, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Tacitus