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Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, Mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.
Tetricus I succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I immediately abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus and his son were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RA84348. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 100, Hunter IV 6, Cohen VI 95, SRCV III 11243, VF, nice portrait, tight flan, uneven strike with some legend unstruck, weight 3.141 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 270 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reversePAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, extending olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; $50.00 (€42.50)
Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D., Barbaric Imitative
Laetitia was a minor Roman goddess of gaiety, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. RL72590. Bronze barbarous radiate, cf. official prototype: RIC V 90, SRCV III 11240, VF, porosity, weight 2.446 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, 272 - 290 A.D.; obverse IIVI S C TIITRICVS I (or similar, blundered), radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse ..HI..., Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, grounded anchor in left hand; $34.00 (€28.90)
During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.RA79592. Billonantoninianus, RIC V 136, Cohen VI 170, SRCV III 11250, Hunter IV - (p. ci), VF, nice portrait, nice green patina, tight ragged flan with edge cracks, light scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.640 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverseSPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton with left; ex Rusty Romans; $21.00 (€17.85)
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Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
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Schulte, B. Die Goldprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
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Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die Bronze-Teilstück-Prägungen der römischen Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
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