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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Florianus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Florian, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

Florianus, the half brother of Tacitus, was proclaimed emperor in the Western provinces after the latter's death. In the East Probus was declared emperor and the two marched against each other. Before a decisive battle could take place, Florian was murdered by his own soldiers. He "wore the purple" for less than 3 months.


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RIC only lists officinae A and B without KA. Rare and superb
SH80379. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-1 112 var., superb EF, weight 3.632 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (the foresight of the gods), Providentia holding two standards standing left, Sol raising hand and holding globe in the right, star in between, ∆ in exergue; very sharp, extraordinary coin!; very rare; SOLD


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PACATOR is Latin for peacemaker or pacifier; from paco ("I make peaceful, pacify"), from pax ("peace"). To the Romans a maker of world peace would necessarily also be a subjugator, a subduer, and a conqueror.
SH43299. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 7, BnF XII 1860, Bastien 137, Cohen VI 46, Venèra 2640 - 2644, Gloucester 784, Appleshaw 352, Blackmoor 3947, Maravielle 841, Choice gVF, weight 4.300 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, issue 2, July 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PACATOR ORBIS (pacifier of the world), Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, left arm, and flying behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, III in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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SH32701. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 9, Cohen VI 46, VF, weight 3.787 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, emission 3, Aug 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PACTOR ORBIS, Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, III in exergue; rare; SOLD


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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
SH34793. Billon antoninianus, Bastien 124 (12 examples cited), RIC V-1 11 var. (mint mark), Choice VF, weight 3.608 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, emission 1, Aug 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing right holding long caduceus and cornucopia; rare; SOLD


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MER-RIC lists two known specimens. This coin is one of the two listed.
SH12491. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4491 (this coin, 2 spec), RIC V-1 195, VF, weight 3.046 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, Jul 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing left holding two standards, Sol raising hand and holding globe in left hand, star in between, KA∆ in exergue; SOLD


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
SH16877. Billon antoninianus, cf. RIC V-1 93 (legend not listed), Estiot pp. 336 - 337 (legend not listed with this bust type), Choice VF, weight 3.629 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP M ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALV PVBLI, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in both hands; very rare; SOLD


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Florianus, the half brother of Tacitus, was proclaimed emperor in the Western provinces after the latter's death. In the East Probus was declared emperor and the two marched against each other. Before a decisive battle could take place, Florian was murdered by his own soldiers. He "wore the purple" for less than 3 months. The star on reverse may represent a comet that was visible from June to September 276 A.D.
RA88305. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4493 (15 spec), BnF XII 1971, RIC V-1 111, Cohen VI 71, SRCV III -, Hunter IV -, Venèra -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, sharp detail, porosity, closed edge crack, weight 3.791 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 1st issue, Jul 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M ANN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (the foresight of the gods), Providentia on left, standing slightly right holding two standards, Sol on left, raising right hand commanding sunrise, globe in left hand, star low in center, KA∆ in exergue; ex Nemesis Ancients; SOLD


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SH80378. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-1 25, Choice EF, weight 3.565 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ right, XXI in exergue; bold with perfect centering, nice near black patina; SOLD


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SH38106. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 57 var. (officina), Choice gVF, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Florian and Concordia clasping hands, S in exergue; attractive portrait and coin; rare; SOLD


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"Mars the Pacifier" may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
SH25913. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 72, VF, weight 3.227 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, olive-branch in raised right, shield and spear in left, V in exergue; excellent centering; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPANNIVSFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCANFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCFLORIANVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPFAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPIVSFAVG
IMPCMANNFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANNFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPCMANNIVSFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPFLORIANVSAVG
IMPMAN FLORIANVSAVG
IMPMANN FLORIANVSPAVG
IMPMANNIVS FLORIANVSAVG
VIRTVSFLORIANIAVG


REFERENCES|

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Alföldi, A. Siscia, Vorarbeiten zu einem Corpus der in Siscia geprägten Römermünzen IV, Die Prägungen von Tacitus und Florianus. (Budapest, 1940).
Alram, M., R. Denk, & W. Szaivert. Die Münzsammlung des Augustiner-Chorherrenstiftes Klosterneuburg. TNRB 6. (1989).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Bland, R. "The Blackmoor Hoard" in CHRB III (1982). Bland, R. & A. Burnett. "Appleshaw, Hampshire" in Normanby Hoard, CHRB VIII (1988), pp. 91 - 107.
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Estiot, S. "Le Trésor de Maravielle" in TM V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII - 1, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S., et al. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/2: Tacitus and Florianus. (Verona, 1987).
Estiot, S., M. Amandry & M. Bompaire. "Le Trésor de Sainte-Pallaye (Yonne): 8864 antoniniens de Valérien à Carin" in TM XIV (1993), pp. 39 - 124.
Ireland, S. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Coins in the Museum at Amasya (Ancient Amaseia), Turkey. RNS Special Publication 33. (London, 2000).
Kellner, H., L. Zemmer-Plank, & E. Kellner. Ein römischer Münzschatz von Navis-Mühlen im Wipptal, Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum 64. (Innsbruck, 1984).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V online) - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Nesler, J., D. Hollard & M. Bompaire, 'Le trésor de Ciron IV (Indre)', TM XIX (2000), pp. 129-160.
Postel, R. Katalog der Antiken Münzen in der Hamburger Kunsthalle. (Hamburg, 1976).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
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Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Zanchi, P. "Quelques nouveaux antoniniens de Serdica" in SM 120 (November 1980).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Florian