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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Florianus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Florian, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

Florianus, the half brother of Tacitus, was proclaimed emperor in the Western provinces after the latter's death. In the East Probus was declared emperor and the two marched against each other. Before a decisive battle could take place, Florian was murdered by his own soldiers. He "wore the purple" for less than 3 months.


Click for a larger photo
Florian's harmony with the military would not last, his officers murdered him after a reign of less than three months.
SH71637. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 4293; Alföldi 1940, 2,2, Venèra II 2734; BnF XII 1950; RIC V-1 57 var. (officina, Ticinum); Cohen VI 11; SRCV III 11851, Choice EF, near full silvering, some porosity, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 135o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, Jul - Aug 276; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Florian togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left, S in exergue; officina not in RIC; SOLD


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An ironic reverse since, instead of offering fidelity, his army murdered him after a reign of less than three months.
SH35067. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4234, RIC V-1 30, Venèra 2563 - 2570, BnF XII 1911, Hunter IV 3, Gloucester 804, SRCV III 11857, Choice EF, bold with excellent centering and nice patina, weight 4.476 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Rome mint, 1st emission, Jul-Aug 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing half-left, long scepter vertical in right hand, transverse trophy in left hand, XXIE in exergue; from the Scott Collection; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
This type is missing from most major collections and references. MER-RIC lists only three specimens (we submitted this one, so it should soon be the fourth). BnF XII lists it on p. 408 and includes a photo in the plates, but it is a Vienna specimen, not their own. The Vienna coin is not listed in MIR-RIC, making five known. We did not find any other specimens online.
RA84943. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4476 (3 spec.), BnF XII -, p. 408, pl. 100, 550 (not in the BnF collection, photograph of Vienna specimen), Zanchi -, otherwise unpublished, Choice gVF, well centered, near full silvering, some light corrosion, weight 3.538 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, issue 1, Jul 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M ANN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse VICTORIA PERPETVA AVG, Victory standing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand against left shoulder, facing Florian standing left, wearing military garb, right hand outstretched, long scepter vertical in left hand, star below center, KAB in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 45 (3 Jul 2016), lot 850; extremely rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPANNIVSFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCANFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCFLORIANVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPFAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPIVSFAVG
IMPCMANNFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANNFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPCMANNIVSFLORIANVSAVG
IMPCMANFLORIANVSPAVG
IMPFLORIANVSAVG
IMPMAN FLORIANVSAVG
IMPMANN FLORIANVSPAVG
IMPMANNIVS FLORIANVSAVG
VIRTVSFLORIANIAVG


REFERENCES|

Abdy, R., E. Besly & F. López-Sánchez. The Gloucester Hoard and other coin hoards of the Britannic Empire. CHRB XIII. (Wetteren, 2010).
Alföldi, A. Siscia, Vorarbeiten zu einem Corpus der in Siscia geprägten Römermünzen IV, Die Prägungen von Tacitus und Florianus. (Budapest, 1940).
Alram, M., R. Denk, & W. Szaivert. Die Münzsammlung des Augustiner-Chorherrenstiftes Klosterneuburg. TNRB 6. (1989).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Bland, R. "The Blackmoor Hoard" in CHRB III (1982). Bland, R. & A. Burnett. "Appleshaw, Hampshire" in Normanby Hoard, CHRB VIII (1988), pp. 91 - 107.
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Estiot, S. "Le Trésor de Maravielle" in TM V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII - 1, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S., et al. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/2: Tacitus and Florianus. (Verona, 1987).
Estiot, S., M. Amandry & M. Bompaire. "Le Trésor de Sainte-Pallaye (Yonne): 8864 antoniniens de Valérien à Carin" in TM XIV (1993), pp. 39 - 124.
Ireland, S. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Coins in the Museum at Amasya (Ancient Amaseia), Turkey. RNS Special Publication 33. (London, 2000).
Kellner, H., L. Zemmer-Plank, & E. Kellner. Ein römischer Münzschatz von Navis-Mühlen im Wipptal, Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum 64. (Innsbruck, 1984).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V online) - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Nesler, J., D. Hollard & M. Bompaire, 'Le trésor de Ciron IV (Indre)', TM XIX (2000), pp. 129-160.
Postel, R. Katalog der Antiken Münzen in der Hamburger Kunsthalle. (Hamburg, 1976).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Zanchi, P. "Quelques nouveaux antoniniens de Serdica" in SM 120 (November 1980).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 16, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Florian